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CAD

CAD- computer aided designing


By which we can create model as for the requirement by the help
of cad .
Ex-AutoCAD, master CAM, UG ,CATIA

CAM
Cam- computer aided manufacturing
By which we can designing the model and create the program for
machining .
Ex- Master CAM, CATIA ,UG, Pro-E

CO-ORDINATE SYSTEM
It means we can define the
position of a object .

Co-ordinate
system

Cartesian

absolute

polar

incremental

CARTESIAN
In this co-ordinate system all the co-ordinate is calculated from the
origin . N the origin is not fixed . By the help of x,y n z axis .
It is divided in two parts.
Absolute co-ordinate system.
Incremental co-ordinate system.

POLAR
Polar co-ordinate system uses a distance and a angle with reference
to the previous
point to locate a point .
How to write polar co-ordinate system
@distance<angle

ABSOLUTE
In this co-ordinate system origin is fixed and we have to calculate
all the co-ordinates from an origin.
We have to put the co-ordinates in the form of x value, y value.

INCREMENTAL
In this co-ordinate system origin is changeable and if we are going
to next point then that previous point is our origin.
How to write Incremental co-ordinate system
@ x value, y value

AUTOCAD
AUTOCAD IS A DRAWING SOFT WARE PACKAGE
DEVELOPED BY THE COMPANY AUTODESK IN U.S.A.IT IS
ONE OF THE MOST WIDELY USED SOFT WARE FOR
CREATING DRAWING EASILY AND QUICKLY .
CREATION OF GEMOETRIC MODELING ALONG THE
ENGINEERING ANALYSIS . EVALUATE THE DESIGN AND
PRODUCE DRAFTING FOR MANFACTURING WITH THE HELP
OF COMPUTER.
IT IS INVENTED IN 1982
1ST NAME IS MICRO CAD
AUTO CAD EXTENSION FILE IS *.DWG

AUTO CAD
Auto cad is non parametric ,command based, low-end ,non
associative and best drafting software.
Semi parametric Parameters can be modified up to certain limits .

DRAFTING
It is the complete representation of drawing with proper dimension
and geometric symbols.

ADVANTAGE OF
AUTOCAD
1.Easy communication &Drawing sharing
2.Easy modification
3.More accurate product.
4. Reduce the time & man power (around 50%)
5.Runing cost is low compare to others

DISADVANTAGE
1.

Huge investment

2.

Getting a skilled manpower difficult and want to pay more


money

HARDWARE
REQUIREMENT
1.Operating system-Windowxp onwards service pack -2
2.Processor- Pentium 4 onwards
3.Ram- 256 MB n more
4.Hard disk -3GB n more
5.Graphic code it should support 1024 x768 VGA
6.Option- printer , plotter

HOW TO SET PAPER

1.LIMITS <
DEFINE THE LOWER LEFT CONER<
DEFINE THE UPPER LEFT CONER<
Z< (Z=ZOOM)
A<(A=ALL)

2.LIMAX<
DEFINE THE UPPER LEFT CONER<
Z< (Z=ZOOM)
A<(A=ALL)

PAPER SIZE
Trimmed

Untrimmed

A0

841x1189

880x1230

A1

594x841

625x880

A2

420x594

450x625

A3

297x420

330x450

A4

210x297

240x330

A5

147x210

165x240

Ratio of drawing sheet is 1:2

AUTO CAD SCREEN

Title bar it will give the information about the software .


Status bar-status bar is equal to functional keys. (in all software F1 is
help)
Menu bar it will gives the information about the uses of software.

FUNCTIONAL KEYS

F1- Auto CAD online help


F2- auto cad command window
F3- OSnap on &off (object snapping)
F4- 3D-OSNAP on /off
F5- ISO-Plane top, right, &left on/off
F6- Dynamic UCS on/off
F7- Grid on/off
F8- Ortho mode on/off
F9- Snap on/off
F10- Polar Tracking on/off. To make angular
F11- OTracking on/off (object tracking)
F12- Dynamic view of dimension in curser on/off

USING OF MOUSE
Mb1-select the object, object pick box
Mb2-zoom in/out ,pan press middle button and move I b moving

SELECTION PROCESS
Blue window-window by selection top to bottom & left to right for
selection we want to select the full object .
Green window-window by selection bottom to top & right to left .
For selection just we
Want to select one point of the object
* Select right to left is better than the left to right .

SOME KEY USED IN AUTO


CAD
CITRL+0 =CLEAR THE SCREEN
CTRL+9= HIDE/SHOW THE COMMAND WINDOW
ESC= RELEASE FROM COMMAND OR DIS SELECT THE
OBJECT .
CTRL+Z=UNDO
CTRL+Y=REDO