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Rotational effect of force. Tells how effective force is at twisting or rotating an object

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You are on page 1of 14

Todays lecture

Review

Rotational

Rotational

Inertia I = miri2

Energy

Still Conserved!

Today

Torque

A meter

weight is placed at x=0. Where do you need to

place a 2 kg weight to balance it?

A) x = 25 B) x=50

C) x=75

E) 1 kg cant balance a 2 kg weight.

D) x=100

Torque

Turning

force

Rotational

effective force is at twisting or rotating an

object.

= r Fperpendicular = r F sin

Units N m

Sign, CCW rotation is positive

Physics 101: Lecture 14, Pg 4 07

ACT

The picture below shows three different ways of

using a wrench to loosen a stuck nut. Assume the

applied force F is the same in each case.

In which of the cases is the torque on the nut the

biggest?

A. Case 1

B. Case 2

C. Case 3

ACT 2

The picture below shows three different ways of

using a wrench to loosen a stuck nut. Assume the

applied force F is the same in each case.

In which of the cases is the torque on the nut the

smallest?

A. Case 1

B. Case 2

C. Case 3

A person raises one leg to an angle of 30 degrees. An ankle

weight (89 N) attached a distance of 0.84 m from her

hip. What is the torque around her hip due to this

weight?

1) Draw Diagram

2) = F r sin

F r sin(90 30)

If she raises her leg higher, the torque due to the weight will

A) Increase

B) Same

C) Decrease

Physics 101: Lecture 14, Pg 7 17

Equilibrium Acts

A rod

opposite forces acting on it. What is the net force

on the rod?

A) Up

B) Down

C) Zero

Will

B) No

y

x

Equilibrium

Conditions

F = 0

for Equilibrium

Translational EQ (Center of Mass)

Rotational EQ

= 0

Can choose any axis of rotation. Choose Wisely!

A meter stick is suspended at the center. If a 1 kg weight is

placed at x=0. Where do you need to place a 2 kg weight

to balance it?

A) x = 25

B) x=50

C) x=75

D) x=100

E) 1 kg cant balance a 2 kg weight.

Center of Mass r r m

cm

Gravitational

mi

Force Weight = mg

Torque about pivot due to gravity = mgd

Object not in static equilibrium

pivot

Center of mass

W=mg

pivot

Static Equilibrium

Not in equilibrium

Equilibrium

pivot

Center of mass

W=mg

Center of mass

Physics 101: Lecture 14, Pg 12 31

Preflight

The picture below shows two people lifting a heavy log.

Which of the two people is supporting the greater weight?

1. The person on the left is supporting

the greatest weight

2. The person on the right is supporting

the greatest weight

3. They are supporting the same weight

Recall

For

W = F d cos

a wheel

W = Ftangential d

= Ftangential 2 r / (2 ) ( in radians)

= Ftangential r

=

P = W/t = /t

Summary

Torque

= F r sin

Work done by torque W =

Equilibrium

F = 0

= 0

Can choose any axis.

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