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In

childhood

BY HAMRA
FARIS.

IT STANDS FOR:-

A- ATTENTION
D-DEFICIT
HHYPERACTIVE
D-DISORDER

DO YOU KNOW?
WHAT IS

Distracted , busy , messy and messy.there is a long list of adjectives used


to define negative connotation children and adults who have ..

So instance and frequent behaviors and attitudes different from those taken
as standard.

Parents think that children are electric or living on the moon.

The school claim that student who disrupts the class and not paying attention
in class.

The child suffer because it is not going well on test, take all or scolding them
is isolated by his colleagues for leaving the play or interferes with his
impulsiveness these are some evidence of attention deficit hyperactive
disorder.(ADHD)

What is ADHD???
Attention deficit hyperactive
disorder is chronic condition that
affects millions of children and often
persist into adulthood. ADHD
includes a combination of problems
such as difficulty sustaining
attention, hyperactivity and

ADHD is one of the most common neurobehavioral disorder of


childhood!
A diagnosis of ADHD can be scary, and symptoms can be a
challenge for parents and children a like!
Treatment can make a big different, and the majority of
children with ADHD grow up to be vibrant, active & successful
adults!

ADHD HAS 3 TYPES.

1-INATTENTIVE.

2-HYPERACTIVE.
3-IMPULSIVITY.(COMBINED HYPERACTIVE & INATTENTIVE).
The most children have combined
type of ADHD!

Symptoms of (inattention).

Be early distracted,miss details,forget things,and frequently


switen from one activity to another.
Have difficulty focusing on one thing.
Become bored with a task after only a few minutes,unless
they are doing something enjoyable.
Have difficulty focusing attention on organizing and
completing task or learning something new.
Have completing or turning in homework
assignments,oftenlosing things need to complete tasks or
activity.
Not seems to listen when spoken too.
Day dream, become easily confused and move slowly.
Have difficulty processing information as quickly and
accurately others.
Struggle to follow instruction.

symptoms of (Hyperactivity)
Fight and squirm in their seats.
Talk nonstop.
Dash around, touching or playing with anything and everything in
sight.
Have trouble sitting during dinner,school,and story time.
Be constantly in motion.
Have difficulty doing quiet task or activity

Symptoms of (Impulsivity)
Be very impatient.
Blurt out inappropriate comments , show their emotions
without restraint , and act without regard for consequences.
Have difficulty waiting for things they want or waiting their
turns in games.
Often interrupt conversations or others activity.

ADHD BOYS VS
Boys are more likely to be hyperactive, where as
GIRLS

girls tend to be inattentive.


Girls who have trouble paying attention often day
dream,

but inattentive boys are more likely to play or


field aimlessly.
Boys tend to be less complain with teachers and
other

adults ,so their behavior is often more


conspicuous.

WHAT
CAUSE
ADHA???

what cause ADHD???


Altered Brain function and Anatomy.
brain scans have revealed important different in the structure & brain
activity of
people with ADHD.
Heredity
ADHD tends to run in families, about one in four children with ADHD have
at least one relative with the disorder.
Maternal smoking, drug use & exposure to toxins.
pregnant women who smoke are at increased risk of having children with
ADHD.
Childhood expose to environmental toxins.
per school children exposed to certain toxins are at increased risk of
developmental behavioral problems.
Food activity
recent British research indicates a possible link consumption of certain
food
added like artificial colors or preservatives & increase in activity of ADHD.

what are the complications of


children with ADHD???
I. Often struggle in the classroom . which can lead
to academic failure & judgement by other
children and adults.
II. Tend to have more accident and injuries to all
kinds than do children who dont have disorder.
III.Are more likely to have trouble with interacting
with peers and adults.
IV.Are at increased risk of alcohol & drug abuse &
other delinquent behavior.

Finally the question end with


What are the

Treatment??????

TREATMENTS OF
ADHD.

Medication- It helps a child with ADHD in their everyday life and may be
valuable part of childs
treatment.
* Stimulants
* Non stimulants
Behavioral intervention strategies- Can help reduce ADHD effects of relationship
and how will
they do in their classes.
As a Teacher :- * create a routine.
* get organized.
* avoid distraction.
*limit choices.
* use goals and rewards.
Parent training- Children with ADHD may not respond to the usual parenting
practices, so experts
recommended parent education.

ADD IN THE CLASSROOM


Tips to share with Teachers for
classroom success
Use a homework folder for parent-teacher
communication.
Make assignments clear.
Give positive reinforcement.
Be sensitive to self esteem issues.
Involve the school Counselor or
Psychologist.
Incorporate behavioral prompts such as:
visual cues, proximity control &
hand gesture.

THANK
YOU!