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THE

NEED
Why???
OF

Submitted By:Rahul Maheshwari (1460


Aditya Mishra
(14609
Swati Chaudhary (1460

INTRODUCTION
Vulnerability is susceptibility to injury or attack.
These vulnerabilities can be targeted for exploitation, which
may
result in:
Unauthorized entry into a network, can expose confidential
information, provide fuel for stolen identities, trigger theft of
business secrets, violate privacy provisions of laws and
regulations,
or paralyze business operations.
New vulnerabilities appear every day due to flaws in software,
faulty configuration of applications and IT gear, good old
human error.
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VM for Dummies

WHO IS AT
RISK?

Every single business with an Internet connection is at


risk due to network vulnerabilities.
Whether you are a small business, a multinational
corporation, or a government it makes no difference,
you are at risk.
When your network-attached devices are running without
current security updates, these unpatched devices are
immediately vulnerable to a variety of exploits.

19-07-2015

VM for Dummies

WHERE DO VULNERABILITIES COME FROM?

Programming mistakes cause most vulnerabilities in software


failing to check the size of data buffers
A kind of storage bin of memory where a computer process
executes its functions.
People using mobile devices may use an unauthorized or
even a malware-infested website without going through the
corporate virtual private network (VPN), (surfing MySpace,
eBay, or the local online personal ads).

19-07-2015

VM for Dummies

VULNERABILITY MANAGEMENT

Companies need to use VM to detect and eliminate


vulnerabilities in order to reduce overall security risk
and prevent exposure.
The primary objectives of VM are to:
Identify and fix faults in the software that affect security,
performance, or functionality.
Alter functionality or address a new security threat, such as
updating an antivirus signature.
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VM for Dummies

VULNERABILITY MANAGEMENT (Contd..)

Change a software configuration to make it less

susceptible
to attack, run faster or improve functionality.
Use the most effective means to thwart automated
attacks (such as worms, bots, and so on).
Enable the effective improvement and management
of security risks.
Document the state of security for audit and compliance
with laws, regulations, and business policy.

19-07-2015

VM for Dummies

GETTING ORGANIZED WITH VULNERABILITY


MANAGEMENT
Policy management is used to define this concept :
The controls required to ensure security, such as standard
configurations
for all security devices and applications including antivirus,
firewall ,
intrusion detection/prevention.
Policies and controls should include servers, network services
,applications
and endpoints.
New software tools can automate policy management and enforce
configurations on endpoint devices.
Automation saves time, improves accuracy, and lowers the total
cost of
ownership.
19-07-2015

VM for Dummies

Objectives of the chapter:

Track Inventory and Categorize Assets


Scan Systems for Vulnerabilities
Verify Vulnerabilities Against Inventory
Classify and Rank Risks
Pre-test Patches, Fixes, and Workarounds
Apply Patches, Fixes, and Workarounds
Rescan to Verify Patching

19-07-2015

VM for Dummies

Track inventory & categorize assets

Identifying your inventoryCreate and continuously maintain a database of all Internet


Protocol (IP) devices.
The asset groups include all hardware, software, applications,
services, and configurations.
The data enables organization to identify which vulnerabilities
affect particular subsets of the IT infrastructure.
The tracking inventory helps speed the scanning process.
An accurate inventory ensures that the correct patches are
selected and applied.
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VM for Dummies

Scan Systems for Vulnerabilities

Benefits of scanning:

The scan systematically tests and analyses IP devices, services ,


and
applications for known security holes.
A post-scan report reveals actual vulnerabilities and states what
you
need to fix in order of priority.

What to scan?

Web Servers, Firewalls, databases, Load Balancing Servers, Switches


and Hubs , ecommerce, Wireless Access Points
The VM solution should efficiently identify and fix these
vulnerabilities.
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Verify Vulnerabilities Against Inventory


What to look for in scan results?
Scan results need to be:
Comprehensive
Specific, with vulnerability data and remediation instructions.
Free of excessive false positive or false negative scan results.

Easy to understand.
Employing technologies to improve scanning:
Look for scanners that use :
A variety of active operating system (OS) discovery techniques.
Fingerprinting entails careful inspection for subtle variations in
implementation of RFC (request for comments) standards
A service discovery engine detects backdoors, Trojans, and worms by
checking TCP and UDP.
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Classify and Rank Risks


Devising a categorization scheme

Critical
Important
Moderate
Low

Steps the VM solution should take:


1. Information Gathering: Finding out as much about a host as possible
without visiting or connecting to it
2. Discovery: Identifying hosts in the target subnet, including topology,
firewalls, and other devices.
3. Scanning: Finding out the potential targets and vulnerabilities associated
with hardware, software etc.
4. Verification: Confirming the vulnerabilities to achieve the goal of a
successful exploit.
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Pre-test Patches, Fixes, and Workarounds

Guidelines for pre-testing


Ensure the testing takes place in your organizations unique
environment.
Most problems with patches are due to third-party applications or
modifications
Organizations need to verify cryptographic checksums (a
redundancy check to preserve integrity of data)
Check that the patch corrects the vulnerability without affecting
applications and operations of the business process.
Choose a comprehensive VM solution that includes information for
patching vulnerabilities with links to recommended solutions, such
VM for Dummies
as patches
and workarounds from
the vendors.
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Apply Patches, Fixes, and Workarounds

Guidelines for patching:


Remediate vulnerabilities as quickly as possible and minimize
risk
This can be done by giving first priority to the most critical issues
facing your most critical systems.
Automated patch management and software distribution
solutions can help speed this process and keep costs to a
minimum
Integrating patch management with other automated VM
processes is beneficial
Eg. QualysGuard provides one-click links to vulnerability patches,
fixes, and workarounds to use during this phase of workflow.
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Rescan to verify patching

After applying a patch or completing the remediation process, be

sure to rescan IP-connected assets especially critical assets.


This step verifies that the fix worked and that it doesnt cause
other network devices, services, or applications to malfunction or
be exposed to other vulnerabilities.
Its time to choose a solution that can fix VulnerabilitiesMap your network and its devices.
Accurately and efficiently scan for the largest potential number
of vulnerabilities.
Clearly and comprehensively
report scanning results.
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Shepherd the remediation process.
Test and confirm that vulnerabilities are fixed.

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