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Different Arteries and

Veins

Classification of Arteries • Elastic (Conducting) Arteries • Muscular (Distributing) Arteries • Arterioles .

common iliac arteries.Elastic (Conducting) Arteries • aorta. and pulmonary trunk • 􏰂 yellow in the fresh state because of the abundance of elastin . branches from the aortic arch (common carotid artery and subclavian artery).

except for the major trunks orginating from the arch of the aorta and the terminal bifurcation of the abdominal aorta w/c are elastic arteries • 􏰂thick tunica media composed mostly of smooth muscle cells .Muscular (distributing) arteries • most vessels arising from the aorta.

Arterioles • terminal arterial vessels • regulate blood flow into the capillary beds • do not have an external elastic lamina .

nerve fibers Muscular artery Endothelium with Weibel Palade bodies. smooth muscle cells between. elastic fibers Loose CT. Thick internal elastic lamina 40 layers smooth muscle cells. vasa vasorum not very prominent. nerve fibers Arteriole Endothelium with Weibel 1 or 2 layers Palade bodies. nerve fibers . basal lamina. elastic lamina. incomplete elastic lamina 40-70 fenestrated elastic membranes. vasa vasorum outer half Thin layers of fibroelastic CT. basal lamina. lymphatic vessels. subendothelial layer. thin ext. subendothelial layer. subendothelial layer not prominent. vasa vasorum. thick external elastic lamina Thin layers of fibroelastic CT.Artery Tunica Intima Tunica Media Tunica Adventitia Elastic Artery Endothelium with Weibel Palade bodies. lymphatic vessels. basal smooth muscle lamina.

Classification of veins • Venules and Small Veins • Medium Veins • Large Veins .

Venules and Small Veins • Postcapillary venules – Where blood pools from capillary bed • High endothelial venules – Cuboidal endothelial cells of venules found in lymphoid organs .

Medium veins • Drains most regions of the body • Valves to prevent backflow – 2 leaflets (each have a thin fold of the intima jutting out from the wall into the lumen) – collagen and elastic fibers .

portal. iliac. and azygos veins .Large Veins • venae cavae and the pulmonary. renal. internal jugular.

sudendothelial CT Connective tissue. cardiac muscle cells near their entry into the heart. valves in some. some smooth muscle cells Collagen layer w/ fibroblasts Venules Endothelium. sudendothelial CT Reticular & elastic fibers. basal lamina. smooth muscle cells Smooth muscle cells in longitudinal bundles. collagen w/ fibroblasts Medium and small veins Endothelium. basal lamina.Type Tunica intima Tunica Media Tunica Adventitia Large Veins Endothelium. basal lamina Sparse Connective Some collagen and few . valves in some.

Cappillaries .

Capillaries  smallest   50 μm in length. diameter of 8 to 10 μm   pinocytotic vesicles with the plasmalemma  single layer of squamous endothelial cells   the cytoplasm contains a – marginal fold – fasciae occludents (tight junctions) .

Continuous capillaries muscle. glucose. nucleosides. and connective tissues fasciae occludentes (gap junction)  amino acids. nervous. and purines move across via carriermediated transport .

intestines. and endocrine glands pores (fenestrae) (60 to 80 nm in diameter) in the walls covered by a pore diaphragm Except renal glomerulus. composed of fenestrated capillaries that lack diaphragm .Fenestrated capillaries pancreas.

Sinusoidal capillaries bone marrow. and certain of the endocrine glands Sinusoids  irregular blood pools or channels large fenestrae that lack diaphragms lined by endothelium macrophages . spleen. liver. lymphoid organs.