Different Arteries and

Veins

Classification of Arteries • Elastic (Conducting) Arteries • Muscular (Distributing) Arteries • Arterioles .

branches from the aortic arch (common carotid artery and subclavian artery). and pulmonary trunk • 􏰂 yellow in the fresh state because of the abundance of elastin .Elastic (Conducting) Arteries • aorta. common iliac arteries.

except for the major trunks orginating from the arch of the aorta and the terminal bifurcation of the abdominal aorta w/c are elastic arteries • 􏰂thick tunica media composed mostly of smooth muscle cells .Muscular (distributing) arteries • most vessels arising from the aorta.

Arterioles • terminal arterial vessels • regulate blood flow into the capillary beds • do not have an external elastic lamina .

subendothelial layer. lymphatic vessels. subendothelial layer. incomplete elastic lamina 40-70 fenestrated elastic membranes. vasa vasorum not very prominent. nerve fibers Muscular artery Endothelium with Weibel Palade bodies.Artery Tunica Intima Tunica Media Tunica Adventitia Elastic Artery Endothelium with Weibel Palade bodies. thin ext. subendothelial layer not prominent. smooth muscle cells between. vasa vasorum outer half Thin layers of fibroelastic CT. nerve fibers . basal lamina. basal smooth muscle lamina. Thick internal elastic lamina 40 layers smooth muscle cells. elastic fibers Loose CT. basal lamina. thick external elastic lamina Thin layers of fibroelastic CT. nerve fibers Arteriole Endothelium with Weibel 1 or 2 layers Palade bodies. vasa vasorum. lymphatic vessels. elastic lamina.

Classification of veins • Venules and Small Veins • Medium Veins • Large Veins .

Venules and Small Veins • Postcapillary venules – Where blood pools from capillary bed • High endothelial venules – Cuboidal endothelial cells of venules found in lymphoid organs .

Medium veins • Drains most regions of the body • Valves to prevent backflow – 2 leaflets (each have a thin fold of the intima jutting out from the wall into the lumen) – collagen and elastic fibers .

portal. internal jugular.Large Veins • venae cavae and the pulmonary. renal. iliac. and azygos veins .

Type Tunica intima Tunica Media Tunica Adventitia Large Veins Endothelium. sudendothelial CT Reticular & elastic fibers. basal lamina Sparse Connective Some collagen and few . basal lamina. valves in some. cardiac muscle cells near their entry into the heart. some smooth muscle cells Collagen layer w/ fibroblasts Venules Endothelium. smooth muscle cells Smooth muscle cells in longitudinal bundles. valves in some. collagen w/ fibroblasts Medium and small veins Endothelium. sudendothelial CT Connective tissue. basal lamina.

Cappillaries .

Capillaries  smallest   50 μm in length. diameter of 8 to 10 μm   pinocytotic vesicles with the plasmalemma  single layer of squamous endothelial cells   the cytoplasm contains a – marginal fold – fasciae occludents (tight junctions) .

nervous. and purines move across via carriermediated transport . nucleosides. glucose.Continuous capillaries muscle. and connective tissues fasciae occludentes (gap junction)  amino acids.

Fenestrated capillaries pancreas. composed of fenestrated capillaries that lack diaphragm . and endocrine glands pores (fenestrae) (60 to 80 nm in diameter) in the walls covered by a pore diaphragm Except renal glomerulus. intestines.

lymphoid organs.Sinusoidal capillaries bone marrow. liver. spleen. and certain of the endocrine glands Sinusoids  irregular blood pools or channels large fenestrae that lack diaphragms lined by endothelium macrophages .