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Different Arteries and

Veins

Classification of Arteries • Elastic (Conducting) Arteries • Muscular (Distributing) Arteries • Arterioles .

branches from the aortic arch (common carotid artery and subclavian artery). and pulmonary trunk • 􏰂 yellow in the fresh state because of the abundance of elastin .Elastic (Conducting) Arteries • aorta. common iliac arteries.

except for the major trunks orginating from the arch of the aorta and the terminal bifurcation of the abdominal aorta w/c are elastic arteries • 􏰂thick tunica media composed mostly of smooth muscle cells .Muscular (distributing) arteries • most vessels arising from the aorta.

Arterioles • terminal arterial vessels • regulate blood flow into the capillary beds • do not have an external elastic lamina .

nerve fibers . elastic fibers Loose CT. vasa vasorum. subendothelial layer. subendothelial layer not prominent. basal lamina. nerve fibers Muscular artery Endothelium with Weibel Palade bodies. Thick internal elastic lamina 40 layers smooth muscle cells. smooth muscle cells between. thin ext. basal lamina. incomplete elastic lamina 40-70 fenestrated elastic membranes. elastic lamina. vasa vasorum not very prominent.Artery Tunica Intima Tunica Media Tunica Adventitia Elastic Artery Endothelium with Weibel Palade bodies. lymphatic vessels. lymphatic vessels. nerve fibers Arteriole Endothelium with Weibel 1 or 2 layers Palade bodies. vasa vasorum outer half Thin layers of fibroelastic CT. subendothelial layer. thick external elastic lamina Thin layers of fibroelastic CT. basal smooth muscle lamina.

Classification of veins • Venules and Small Veins • Medium Veins • Large Veins .

Venules and Small Veins • Postcapillary venules – Where blood pools from capillary bed • High endothelial venules – Cuboidal endothelial cells of venules found in lymphoid organs .

Medium veins • Drains most regions of the body • Valves to prevent backflow – 2 leaflets (each have a thin fold of the intima jutting out from the wall into the lumen) – collagen and elastic fibers .

Large Veins • venae cavae and the pulmonary. portal. and azygos veins . renal. iliac. internal jugular.

sudendothelial CT Connective tissue. valves in some. basal lamina.Type Tunica intima Tunica Media Tunica Adventitia Large Veins Endothelium. cardiac muscle cells near their entry into the heart. basal lamina Sparse Connective Some collagen and few . basal lamina. sudendothelial CT Reticular & elastic fibers. collagen w/ fibroblasts Medium and small veins Endothelium. valves in some. smooth muscle cells Smooth muscle cells in longitudinal bundles. some smooth muscle cells Collagen layer w/ fibroblasts Venules Endothelium.

Cappillaries .

diameter of 8 to 10 μm   pinocytotic vesicles with the plasmalemma  single layer of squamous endothelial cells   the cytoplasm contains a – marginal fold – fasciae occludents (tight junctions) .Capillaries  smallest   50 μm in length.

Continuous capillaries muscle. and connective tissues fasciae occludentes (gap junction)  amino acids. nucleosides. glucose. nervous. and purines move across via carriermediated transport .

Fenestrated capillaries pancreas. and endocrine glands pores (fenestrae) (60 to 80 nm in diameter) in the walls covered by a pore diaphragm Except renal glomerulus. intestines. composed of fenestrated capillaries that lack diaphragm .

spleen. lymphoid organs. and certain of the endocrine glands Sinusoids  irregular blood pools or channels large fenestrae that lack diaphragms lined by endothelium macrophages . liver.Sinusoidal capillaries bone marrow.