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Psychological Testing

Presented to:
Mr. Harman Puri

Presented by:
Priti Chauhan
MBAIII
88
• What is testing?
• Why do we have so many tests?
• What are the pros and cons to
testing?
• How can we use testing to
improve . . .?
• What types of tests do we take?
Psychological Testing
• A psychological test is a
standardized measure of a
sample of a person’s behavior
that is used to measure the
individual differences that exist
among people.
Types of Psychological
Testing
• There are two types of
Psychological tests.
– Mental Ability tests
– Personality tests
Why use tests?
• Psychological
tests are used in
research,
however, most
serve a
practical
purpose.
Mental Ability Tests
• Includes three subcategories.
– Intelligence tests
– Aptitude tests
– Achievement tests
Intelligence tests
• Measure
general mental
abilities. They
are intended to
measure
intellectual
potential.
Examples

• WOLF is to FLOW as 8526 is to:


2856 - 6258 - 5862 - 5682 - 6852
Examples
• What would be the next number in
this series? 15 ... 12 ... 13 ... 10 ...
11 ... 8 ... ?
Aptitude tests
• Assess talent
for specific
kinds of
learning..)
Examples
• (clerical speed, mechanical
reasoning, etc
Achievement tests
• Gauge a
person’s
mastery and
knowledge of
various subjects
Examples
• Who was the 3rd President of the
India?
• What is 5x6 divided by 2?
Personality Tests
• Measure aspects
of personality,
including motives,
interests, values,
and attitudes.
Examples
• Do you become
upset when. . ?
• Do you feel
like you lose
control when. .?
• Are you happy
when . . ?
Test Design
• In order for a test to be accurate, it
must meet the three standards
below.
– Standardization
– Validity
– Reliability
Standardization
• Standardization refers to the
uniform procedures used in
administrating and scoring a test.
• Test norms: information used to
rank scores in relation to other
scores on the test.
• E.g. IQ tests
Validity
• Examples
• What do you mean by • Refers to the
introspection? ability of a test
• Birth place of
psychology?
to measure what
• Who gave the concept it was designed
of id , ego and super to measure.
ego?
Reliability

• Reliability Example
• You take a personality
refers to the test and are scored as
measurement “assertive”. Three
weeks later you take
consistency of a the same test and are
test (or other scored as “passive”. A
drastic change is
techniques). probably a result of an
unreliable test.
Testing Reliability
Test-retest
– Comparing subjects’ scores on
two administrations of a test.
Correlation Coefficient
– A numerical index of the degree
of relationship (-1, +1)
Limitations of Psychological Testing
• Uncritical Use • Ethical Issues
• Rejection of Qualified – Test Users
Candidates – Test Security
• Faking – Test Interpretation
– Test Publication
• Attitudes Toward
Testing • Privacy Issues
– What can and should
be asked?
Think!
• Why do we have so many tests?
• How can we use testing to improve
. . .?
• How does psychological testing
apply to school, careers, sports,
etc?