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APPLYING AND USING OF

GLASSES AND CERAMICS


GLASSES

CERAMICS

Properties

Properties

Type

Examples

Examples

GLASS
Useful substances
which is transparent
Found in sand
The main
component: Silica
@ silicon (IV), SiO2

Glass Properties

Uses

Examples:

Inert

Household
things

Lamp, bottle,
plate, bowl,
kitchenware

Transparent

Construction
material
Industry purpose

Window pane
Bulb, mirror, car
industry

Inert and easy to


clean

Laboratory
apparatus

Magnifier glass,
burette, beaker,
test tube, prism

CERAMICS
Made from clay
Need a high
temperature
Main component:
aluminosilicate,
aluminium oxide and
silicon

Ceramic
properties

Uses

Examples

Made from clay

Construction
material

Bricks, tiles,
cement

Attractive and
non-rust

As decoration

Porcelain

Electric insulator

As electric
insulator in
electric ware

Insulator in iron

As semiconductor

Microchip

Microchip in
computer,
telephone

Heat insulator

As heat insulator

Use in microchip

FUSED SILICATE
GLASS

SODA LIME
GLASS

TYPES & PROPERTIES


OF GLASSES

LEAD GLASS

BOROSILICATE
GLASS

CONSTRUCTION
MATERIAL

SEMI CONDUCTOR

Uses of
ceramics
MEDIC SECTOR

DECORATION
ELECTRIC
INSULATOR

SEMI CONDUCTOR
Certain ceramic can keep charge
in it
So, it can act as semiconductor
Ex: microchip use in television,
telephone, and calculator

CONSTRUCTION
MATERIAL

Very hard and tough


Ex: bricks, tiles, cement
and under ground pipe

MEDIC SECTOR
Most of ceramic have
properties like hardness
and inert
Ex: man-made teeth
and leg

DECORATION
Non-rust, so suitable
for decoration
Ex: bowl, porcelain

ELECTRIC
INSULATOR
A good insulator
Ex: electric cable

NEW IDEA OF GLASS AND


CERAMIC
Potochromic glass
Glass that is sensitive to light. Turned dark
at light area and light at dark area
Conduction glass
Glass that can conduct electric
Use in pilot window, to avoid ice on glass

Super conductor
Known as perovskit
Can conduct electric without resistance
Use to make magnet
Car engine block
Can avoid a high temperature
Make a complete combustion and can
reduce pollution
FINISH

FUSED SILICATE GLASS

Melting point, 1700 0C


Transparent to UV-Vis and IR
Hard to form a variety shape
Difficult to break down
USES

BACK

SODA LIME GLASS


Low melting point, 700 0C
Easy to break down
Easy to form a variety shape
USES

BACK

LEAD GLASS

Low melting point, 600 0C


High density
High index of refraction
Reflect light and look shiny
USES

BACK

BOROSILICATE GLASS
High melting point, 800 0C
Not easy to break down
Transparent to UV

USES

BACK

USES OF FUSED SILICATE GLASS

MIRROR

TEST TUBE
OTHERS LABORATORY
APPRATUS

USES OF BOROSILICATE GLASS

BEAKER

BOWL

VOLUMETRIC FLASK

USES OF SODA LIME GLASS

BULB
WINDOW PANE
BOWL
BOTTLE

USES OF LEAD GLASS

MAGNIFIER GLASS

DECORATING CEILING

DECORATING GLASS
PRISM

SEMICONDUCTOR

CONSTRUCTION MATERIAL
TILES

UNDERGROUND PIPE
CEMENT

BRICK

DECORATION

FINISH