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GESTALT

APPROACH
TO
COUNSELING
THERAPEUTIC TECHNIQUE
AND PROCEDURE

EXERCISE AND EXPIREMENT


EXERCISES are ready-made techniques that
are sometimes used to make something
happen in a therapy session or to achieve
goal. It serves as catalyst for individual
work or for promoting interaction among
members of the therapy group (Corey,
2009).

EXPERIMENT grows out of the interaction


between the client and therapist in a
dialogic process; cornerstone of dialogic
process.

It heightens the clients awareness and


understanding through experience (Frew,
2008)

An EXERCISE or technique is a performed


experiment with specific learning goals.An
EXPERIMENT, on the other hand, flows directly
from psychotherapy theory and is crafted to fit
the individual as he or she exist in the here
and now (Melnick and Nevis, 2005).

EXPERIMENT
Avenue for clients to live experientially
A creative adventure where clients can

themselves behaviorally
Invites clients to engage in experiments that
lead to fresh emotional experience and new
insight (Strumpfel & Goldman, 2002)
Determines what does or does not fit for the
client through their own awareness (Yontef,
1993)

It brings out some kind of internal conflict by


making the struggle an actual process
(Polster, 1987)

FORMS OF GESTALT EXPERIMENT


ACCORDING TO POLSTER
Imagining a future encounter
Setting up a dialogue between a client and

some significant person in his/her life


Dramatizing the memory of a painful event
Reliving a particularly profound early

experience in the present

Assuming the identity of ones mother or

father through role playing


Focusing on gestures, postures, and other non

verbal signs of inner expression


Carrying on a dialogue between two

conflicting aspects within the person

GUIDELINES IN PREPARING FOR GESTALT


APPROACH
PASSON (1975) & ZINKER (1978)

To be sensitive enough to know when to leave

the client alone


To derive maximum benefit from Gestalt

experiment, the practitioner must be sensitive


to introducing them at the right time and in a
appropriate manner
The nature of the experiment depends on the

individuals problems, what the person is


experiencing, and the life experiences that
both the client and the therapist bring the
session

Experiments require the clients active role in

self-exploration
Gestalt experiment work best when the

therapist is respectful of the clients cultural


background and is in good contact with the
person
If the therapist meets with hesitation, it is

good idea to explore its meaning for the client

It is important that the therapist be flexible in

using technique, paying particular attention to


how the client is responding
The counselor should be ready to scale down

tasks so that the client has a good chance to


succeed in his/her effort
The therapist needs to learn which

experiment can be best be practiced in the


session itself and which can best be
performed outside

GESTALT THERAPY INTERVENTIONS

INTERNAL DIALOGUE EXERCISE


To bring about integrated functioning and

acceptance of aspects of ones personality


that have been disowned and denied

EMPTY-CHAIR TECHNIQUE
one way of getting the client

externalize the introject


helps the client to get in

touch with a feeling or a


side of themselves that they
may be denying
it discourages clients from

disassociating the feeling

MAKING THE ROUNDS


involves asking a person in a group to go up

to others in the group and either speak to or


do something with each person.
to confront, to risk, to disclose the self, to

experiment with new behavior, and to grow


and change.

THE REVERSAL EXERCISE


to represent reversals of underlying and latent

impulses
plunging the client into the part of

themselves that have been submerged and


denied
to help clients accept certain personal

attributes that they try to deny

THE REHEARSAL EXERCISE


Prepares the client to in their social role
Increases awareness on how they try to meet

the expectation of others, of the degree to


which they want to be approved, accepted,
and like, and of the extent to which they go
attain acceptance

EXAGGERATION EXERCISE
Aims the client to become more aware of the

subtle signals and cues they are sending


through boy language.

STAYING WITH THE FEELING


urges the client to stay with their feelings and

encourage them to go deeper into the feeling


or behavior they wish to avoid

GESTALT APPROACH TO DREAM


WORK
It brings back the dream to life and relieve

them as though they are happening now.


The dream is acted out in the present, and the

dreamer becomes part of his/her own dream.

GESTALT THERAPY
STRENGTH AND CONTRIBUTION

Emphasizes helping people

incorporate and accept all aspects of


life.
Helps client focus on resolving areas

of unfinished business.
The approach is flexible and not

limited to a few technique.

Primary emphasizes on doing rather

than talking
Appropriate for certain affective

disorder, anxiety states, somatoform


disorder, etc. Gestalt is versatile.