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SOLAR

SYSTEM...!

Overview
The Solar System
The Sun
The Planets
Other residents of the solar

system

The Solar System


What is the Solar System?
The
solar
system
is
the
collection of eight planets and
their moons in orbit round the
sun,
together
with
smaller
bodies in the form of asteroids,
meteoroids, and comets.

The Solar System

The Solar System


How did the Solar System evolve?
Scientists are quite sure, that in the

beginning of our Solar System there


was a huge disc of dirt, rocks, gas,
ice etc.
In the middle of this disc, the Sun
formed itself and began to glow.
In some distances from the centre,
the planets emerged from these
rings of dirt, rocks and gas.

The Solar System


How large is our Solar System?
The orbit on which Neptune (the

farthest planet) circles the sun,


has an average diameter of 4500
million km.
The sun itself, the largest object
in our Solar System has a
diameter of 1392520 km.

The Sun
The Sun contains 99.85

percent of all matter in the


solar system. The Sun is a star
and it is composed of
hydrogen and helium.
Period of Rotation: 25.4 days
at equator, up to 30 days at
poles.
Mass: 333000 x mass of Earth.
Diameter: 870,000 miles (1.4
million kilometers).
Temperature: 27 million F (15
million C) in core; 11,000F

The Planets
Planet is a celestial body
moving in an elliptical orbit
round a star
Mercury is the planet that is
closest to our Sun. Neptune is
the farthest.

Mercury
Mercury, the planet nearest

the Sun, is the second


smallest planet in our solar
system.
It is only slightly larger than
the Earth's moon. The
surface is covered with
craters.
evidence of
craters
This tiny planet does not
have any rings or moons.

Venus
Venus is one of the brightest
objects in our sky, so it is clearly
visible to the naked eye.
It can be tricky to spot because it
is always
near the Sun.
It rises and sets with the Sun each
day.
Ancient civilizations believed
Venus was
actually two different objects,
so they called the one that rose
the

Earth
It is a medium sized planet, a bit

larger than Venus


(probably) the only planet with liquid
water in our Solar System
the Earth has one moon
(probably) the only planet with
intelligent life in our Solar System

Mars
It is a small sized planet, half as large

as Earth
Mars is well visible to the naked eye
Mars has two moons: Phobos and
Deimos
Mars has been visited by robotic
vehicles:
Pathfinder, Spirit and Opportunity
The question for (former) life on Mars
is still unsolved

Jupiter
It is the largest planet of the Solar

System,
more than 1.300 Earths could fit
inside
Jupiter is well visible to the naked eye
The Great Red Spot on its surface is a
giant storm as wide as three Earths
Jupiter has 63 moons! (the largest are
Io, Callisto, Ganymede and Europa)
Here are a few of Jupiters moons

Saturn
It is the second-largest planet of the

Solar System, only a bit smaller than


Jupiter
Saturn is well visible to the naked eye
the famous rings can be seen with
small telescopes
Saturn has at least 34 moons!
(recently a probe landed on Jupiters
moon Titan)
Some of Saturns rings

Uranus
It is medium sized

planet of the Solar


System
it is quite far away but
still can be spotted with
small telescopes
like Saturn, Uranus has
a system of rings
Saturn has at least 27
moons

Neptune
It is medium sized planet

of the Solar System, only


a little bit smaller than
Uranus
it is quite far away but
still can be spotted with
small telescopes
Neptune has four rings
and at least 13 moons

Other residents of the


solar system:
Moon
Dwarf Plant
Comets
Asteroid

Moons
Moons are like little planets that encircle

the real planets.


Usually, they are much smaller than
planets.
Planets can have no moons (like Mercury
and Venus), one moon (like Earth) or up to
a very large number of moons (e.g. 63 for
Jupiter).
Phobos and Deimos are Mars companions.
Phobos means fear, Deimos means
panic. Mars itself has been named for
the Roman God of War. They are quite
small (<15km) and look rather like
potatoes than like moons.

Dwarf Planet
Adwarf planetis an object the size of

a planet (aplanetary-mass object) but


that is neither aplanetnor a moon or
othernatural satellite.
dwarf planetas acelestial bodyin
directorbitof theSun that is massive
enough for its shape to be controlled
bygravity, but that unlike a planet has
notcleared its orbitof other objects.
Pluto, Eris and Ceres

Comets
Comets are sometimes called dirty
snowballs or "icy mud balls".
They are a mixture of ices (both water
and frozen gases) and dust that for
some reason didn't get incorporated
into planets when the solar system
was formed.
This makes them very interesting as
samples of the early history of the
solar system.
Comet Halley in 1910

Comets have
elliptical orbits.

When we see a comet, we


are seeing the tail of the comet
as comes close to the Sun.

Asteroid
rocks with sizes greater than 100m

across
Most asteroids remain in the
Asteroid belt between Mars and
Jupiter but a few have orbits that
cross Earths path.
Asteroid sizes range from 100m to
about 1000km
They are composed of carbon or
iron and other rocky material.

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