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HIGH DENSITY FIBREBOARD (HDF)

Anirudh Kulkarni Nidhi Patil Sanjay.K.S Sujan.H.D Vismaya Chandra

INTRODUCTION

Hardboard (not to be confused with hardwood), also called high-density fiberboard (HDF), is a type of fiberboard, which is an engineered wood product. This product is also known under Isorel or Masonite brand names.

It is similar to particle board and medium-density fiberboard, but is denser and much stronger and harder because it is made out of exploded wood fibers that have been highly compressed.

Consequently, the density of hardboard is 31 lbs. or more per cubic foot (500 kg/m³) and is usually about 50-65 lbs. per cubic foot (800–1040 kg/m³).

It differs from particle board in that the bonding of the wood fibers requires no additional materials, although resin is often added.

The hardboard variety is made without resin. The HDF version is made with resin. Unlike particle board, it will not split or crack.

HDF is a much stronger board compared to MDF and it gives a smooth and uniform surface wherever it is applied. HDF does not have any grain and it can be finished by applying paint on it. If you want wood grain finishing then you would need to put a veneer or teak ply on the HDF board

CHARACTERISTICS

  • - Easy processing

  • - High stability

  • - Increased density

  • - Smooth surface

-Suitable for surfaces applications (melamine facing, foil, veneer, etc.)

-Unfinished

APPLICATIONS

  • - Interior design

  • - Furniture components

  • - Cupboard backs

  • - Doors, partitions

  • - Draw bases

  • - Packaging

  • - Shutters

-Substitute to hardboard

MANUFACTURE

MANUFACTURE MDF and HDF.mp4 The process of manufacturing fiberboard combines natural wood fibers with synthetic polymer

MDF and HDF.mp4

The process of manufacturing fiberboard combines natural wood fibers with synthetic polymer resins for bonding purposes. These materials are mixed and then molded together in a dry environment using high temperature and pressure to bond and shape the mixture into individual panels. This method of manufacture in a dry process helps to bond the elements together in a more uniform density that retains its composite structure

Source - http://www.weihuaonline.com/Eng/files/DensityFiberboard.pdf

USES

Unlike solid wood, hardboard has no grain.

A wood veneer can be glued onto it to give the appearance of solid wood.

Other overlays include Formica, laminated papers, ceramics, and vinyl.

It has many uses, such as a substrate. It is used in construction, flooring, furniture, home appliances, automobiles and cabinetry, and is popular among acrylic and oil painters as a painting surface due to its economical price (though it must be coated with gesso or canvas before use).

Hardboard has often been used as the surface material in clipboards, especially older models.

It is also used as the final layer in many skateboard ramps and the half-pipe.

SIZES

High Density Fibreboard

THICKNESS

3.0mm (1/8”) 4.8mm (3/16”) 5.5mm (7/32”)

DIMENSIONS

2440mm X 3660mm

MAINTENANCE

To protect HDF the steps below should be taken.

Make sure that the board does not get in touch with water as it can

damage it. Clean the board with a clean soft cloth to remove the dust.

Do not mop with damp cloth.

Once you finish the HDF with paint or veneer wood then the maintenance steps for those finishes should be followed accordingly.

Advantages

HDF comes with a smooth surface.

HDF is High density board has more strength compared to MDF and Particle board

Great solution for indoor and outdoor furniture, wall panelling, furniture, room partitions, and doors.

Disadvantages

HDF is expensive when compared with particle board and MDF.

Still a lot of carpenters prefer wood block board compared to HDF as they are more confident about the nail holding capabilities of natural wood whose blocks are used to build the block board

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