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MEP201

Mechanical Engineering Drawing


1st semester 2005-2006

SR
Kale
Lecture

Piping Drawings

Piping drawings
Pre-requisites
Schematic, P&I drawings
Equipment G.A. drawings
Layout drawings
Restrictions
Space (X, Y, Z), movement
Piping outputs
B.O.M. for piping fabricator
Hangers, anchors/foundations, trenches
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Francis Turbine Lube Oil Piping


(1)
L.O.
TANK

BEARING
SCHEMATIC

BRG

Z
Y
X
L.O.
TANK

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Information Requirements
Position of each equipment
(L.O. tank, Bearing block, pump : floor plans,
elevations)

G.A. drawing of each equipment


(type, size & position of piping connections)

Civil requirements
(beams & columns, walkway, maintenance)

Electrical requirements
(panels, cable trenches)

Other pipes in the area


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Piping Joints
Threaded
Accuracy (?), Metal/plastic. Plumbing
Flanged
Industrial pipes, low/medium pressure
and temperature. Metal/Plastic. Steam,
oil, water,

Welded
Permanent; High pressure and
temperature. Industrial, Water, steam, oil,
chemicals,
Water supply, sewage,Piping
large(2005)
hydro - Concrete

Piping Joints
Threaded / Flanged /
Welded

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Piping Joints
Threaded / Flanged /
Welded

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Pipe - Flanged connection


FLANGE
1

GASKE
T

PIPE
1

FLANGE
2
BOLTNUT
PIPE
2

PIPE-FLANGE
WELDED or
SCREWED

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Pipe - Flanged connection

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Piping Joints
Threaded / Flanged /
Welded

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Piping Joints

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Piping Bends
Tee (T)

Short Radius
(SR) Elbow

Hydrodynami
cs.
Space.

Long Radius
(SR) Elbow

Radius/Pipe dia.
ratio
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Piping : Vents, Drains & Supports


Vents : Location, accessibility, outlet
Drains : Location, accessibility,
collection, funnel,
Supports : Anchor/foundation, hanger
Thermal expansion
Pipe weight
Surges, water hammer
Equipment vibrations
Seismic
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Francis Turbine Lube Oil Piping


(2)
L.O.
TANK

BEARING

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Piping Plan & Elevation (1)

ISOMETRIC

PLAN

ELEVATION

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Piping Plan & Elevation (2)

ISOMETRIC

PLAN

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ELEVATION

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Piping Plan & Elevation (3)

PLAN
ISOMETRIC

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ELEVATIO
N

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Pipe supports
Foundation
Hanger
Rack
Clamp
Underground foundation
Rigid - anchor vs. flexible allows pipe to
move
All along pipe length (at regular intervals?)
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Pipe support - Hanger

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Piping Examples
Oil pumping station, Central A.C. system,

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Piping How things go wrong


Power plant steam turbine steam pipe
under lube oil pipe.
Hostel drinking water pipe and sewage
pipe too close.
Automobile brake oil leak on alternator.
Pipes running into beams, columns, walls,
Pipe centerline O.K. (?) but insulation fouls
with walls/ceiling.

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Lecture summary
Using schematics/P&I diagrams make
piping drawings (routing), to scale,
with material and other specifications
(e.g. standards)
NEXT STEP : Piece-wise design and
manufacture of pipes, joining details,
and their supports,
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