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Hyper v

Microsoft introduced Hyper-V as a virtualization platform in 2008,

and it continued to release new Hyper-V versions with new
Windows server versions. So far, there are a total of four versions,
including Windows Server 2012 R2

Basically, Microsoft Hyper-V Server is a standalone and

shortened version of Windows Server where Microsoft
cut out everything irrelevant to virtualization, services
and Graphical User Interface (GUI) to make the server
as small as possible.

Hyper-V architecture

Insight into Hyper-V architecture

Parent partition
The Parent partition is the partition that
has all the access to hardware devices,
and control over the local virtualization
The parent partition has the rights to
create child partitions and manage all the
components related to them

Child partition
the child partition gets created by the
parent partition, and all the guest virtual
machine related components run under
the child partition.

Understanding Hyper-V parent

the parent partition is the brain of Hyper-V virtual stack
management, and all the components get installed in
child partitions.
The parent partition also makes sure that the hypervisor
has adequate access to all the hardware resources; and
while accessing these hardware resources, the trusted
computing base concept will be used
when you start your Hyper-V server, the parent partition
is the first partition to get created; and while running the
virtual machines on the Hyper-V server, it is the parent
partition that provisions the child partitions on the

Hyper-V Virtual Machine

Management Service
Virtual Machine Management Service (VMM
Service or VMMS) is responsible for the
management of the virtual machine state for the
child partitions
This includes making the right decision to
change the virtual machine state, handling the
creation of snapshots, and managing the
addition or removal of devices.
When a virtual machine in a child partition is
started, the VMMS spawns a new VM worker
process, which is used to perform the
management tasks for that virtual machine

Virtual devices
Virtual devices (vDevices) are the
application interfaces that provide control
over devices to the VMs. There are two
types of vDevices, as follows:
1Core devices
1.1Emulated devices 1.2Synthetic devices
Plugin devices

Core devices (emulated devices)

These virtual devices emulate a specific
hardware device, such as a VESA video card.
Most core vDevices are emulated devices like
this, and examples include BIOS, DMA, APIC,
ISA bus, PCI bus, PIC device, PIT device, Power
Management device, RTC device, Serial
controller, Speaker device, 8042 PS/2
keyboard/mouse controller, Emulated Ethernet
(DEC/Intel 21140), Floppy controller, IDE
controller, and VGA/ VESA video.

Core devices (synthetic devices)

These virtual devices do not model specific
hardware devices.
Examples of synthetic devices include a
synthetic video controller, synthetic human
interface device (HID) controller, synthetic
network interface card (NIC), synthetic storage
device, synthetic interrupt controller, and memory
service routines.
These synthetic devices are available only to
guest operating systems that support Integration

Plugin devices
These devices allow direct
communications between the parent and
the child partition
These devices can safely be removed and
added whenever it is necessary. Examples
of these types of devices are human
interfaces and mass storage devices.