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PREFERENCE

Expressing Preference
We often use words like prefer, would prefer,
would rather to talk or ask about preferences.
"I prefer living on my own.
"Would you prefer to see a movie or go to a
club?
"Would you rather go shopping with me?
Those expressions are quite different in meaning.

Difference in meaning:
We tend to use
'prefer' to talk
generally about likes,
dislikes, what we
want.
He prefers reading
books.
I prefer going to the
beach than going to a
swimming pool.
They prefer playing
football to playing
badminton.

The expressions
'would prefer' and
'would rather', to be
a little more specific.
I would prefer to see
him in person.
I would rather go
home now.

Exercises
Translate to Indonesian.
1. She prefer going to library.
2. We prefer using laptop to computer.
3. I would prefer to choose Rangga.
4. I would rather go to Yogyakarta.
5. She would rather read comic than read novel.

Difference in form:
Followed by a different verb form:

I prefer living in a city. (followed by the


gerund)
I would prefer to be told the truth. (followed by
the infinitive; to+ verb)
Would you rather stay at a hotel? (followed by
the base form of the verb; the verb without to).

Exercise
1.
2.
3.

Different prepositions to state


the choice.
prefer, would prefer go with
'to'
I'd prefer living in a city to living in
the country.
I would (I'd) prefer being alone to
being with the wrong person.
would rather goes with 'than'
I would (I'd) rather talk to him in
person than call him on the phone.

Exercises:
I prefer coffee (to/ from/ better) tea.
2I don't fancy the theatre again. I'd rather (going/ to
go/ go)to the cinema.
3Although I love relaxing on beaches, I think I prefer
(walking/ to walk)in the mountains.
4I'd rather speak to him in person (than discuss/ to
discussing/ to discuss)things over the phone.
5I prefer trains (than/ to/ from) cars.
6I'm not a big fan of cars; I prefer(travelling/ travel)
by train.
7If I had a choice I think I'd rather (to live in Banjar/
live in Banjar) than Wonosobo.
8They'd rather have lunch inside but I'd prefer
(eating/to eat) outside in the garden.

CHANGE TO OTHER FORMS OF PREFERENCE


I prefer studying English to Korean.
I like better than .
I would rather than
I would prefer rather than ..
I prefer reading English books to Korean books.
I like better than .
I would rather than
I would prefer rather than ..
I prefer driving a car to riding a motorcycle.
I like . better than .
I would rather than
I would prefer rather than ..

I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I

prefer singing English songs to Korean songs.


like better than .
would rather than
would prefer rather than ..
prefer writing to reading.
like better than .
would rather than
would prefer rather than ..
prefer swimming to playing tennis.
like better than .
would rather than
would prefer rather than ..

I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I
I

prefer having a house to a car.


like . better than .
would rather than
would prefer rather than ..
prefer being a lecturer to a teacher.
like . better than .
would rather than
would prefer rather than ..
prefer breeding chicken to ducks.
like . better than .
would rather than
would prefer rather than ..

FORMULA

Preference adalah ungkapan perasaan


yang menyatakan lebih suka daripada
yang lainnya
1. Prefer
Rumus:
. Subject + Prefer + to infinitive
. Subject + Prefer + Nouns + to + Nouns
. Subject + Prefer + Gerund + to + Gerund
Contoh:
. They prefer to go now
. My mother prefers lemon to orange
. She prefers watching TV to listening to the radio

2. Would Rather
Rumus:
Subject + would
Infinitives)
Subject + would
Subject + would
Inf + Noun
Subject + would

rather + Kata kerja bentuk I (tanpa torather + Infinitives + than + Infinitives


rather + Infinitives + Noun + than +
rather + someone + Bentuk II

Contoh:
I would rather study now
She would rather stay home than go shopping
Wed rather play card than play ball
Id rather you went now

3. Would Prefer to
Rumus:
Subject + Would Prefer to + infinitive
+rather than + infinitive
Subject + would Prefer to + infinitives +
Nouns + rather than + infinitives + Nouns
Contoh:
They would prefer to sing rather than dance
Youd prefer to play ball rather than take a sleep

Like
Rumus:
Subject + Like + Nouns/Gerunds
Subject + like +gerunds + better than + gerund
Subject + like + noun + better than + noun
Contoh:
I like singing a song
She likes singing a song better than playing a
guitar
They like coffee better than tea

Instead of
Instead of kita gunakan sebagai pengganti dari: to,
than, better than, rather than
Rumus:
Instead of + Gerund/Nouns
Contoh:
I prefer staying home instead of going out
They would rather eat their lunch instead of work
I woud prefer to invite them instead of him
He likes me instead of him