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WORLD TB DAY
2016
UNITE
TO END TUBERCULOSIS
http://idhdp.com/media/530476/tb-day_500x209.jpg
Dr T.V.Rao MD
Dr.T.V.Rao MD

3/11/16

WHAT WE KNOW
ABOUT
TUBERCULOSIS
Tuberculosis
(TB)
is caused by
bacteria
(Mycobacterium
tuberculosis) that
most often affect
the lungs.
Tuberculosis is
curable and

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

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WHAT WE KNOW ABOUT


TB is spread from
TUBERCULOSIS

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

person to person
through the air.
When people with
lung TB cough,
sneeze or spit, they
propel the TB germs
into the air. A person
needs to inhale only
a few of these germs
to become infected.

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WHAT WE KNOW ABOUT


TUBERCULOSIS
About one-third of
the world's
population has
latent TB, which
means people
have been
infected by TB
bacteria but are
not (yet) ill with
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MANIFESTATIONS OF
TUBERCULOSIS

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

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WHAT WE KNOW ABOUT


TUBERCULOSIS
People infected with TB
bacteria have a 10%
lifetime risk of falling ill
with TB. However, persons
with compromised immune
systems, such as people
living with HIV, malnutrition
or diabetes, or people who
use tobacco, have a much
higher risk of falling ill.
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WE CAN PROLONG LIFE OF MANY IF


WE DIAGNOSE TUBERCULOSIS EARLY

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THE FIRST TB DAY STARTED


FROM 1995
The first World TB Day
celebration meeting was
held by the WHO and the
Royal Netherlands
Tuberculosis Foundation in
the year 1995 in Den Haag,
Netherlands where it was
declared to be celebrated
annually. Next year in 1996,
various organizations like
WHO, the IUATLD and KNCV
had organized variety of
events and activities to
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conduct the World TB Day

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RECENT THEMES OF
WORLD TB DAY
The theme of the World TB Day celebration of the year 2013
was Stop TB in my lifetime Call for a world free of TB.
The theme of the World TB Day celebration of the year
2014 was Reach the three million A TB test, treatment and
cure for all.
The theme of the World TB Day celebration of the year
2015 is Reach, Treat, Cure Everyone.
The theme of the World TB Day celebration of the year
2016 would be Find TB. Treat TB. Working together to
eliminate TB.
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TUBERCULOSIS KILLS
MANY IN THE WORLD

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DOTS CONTINUES TO BE REAL


STRENGTH
TO CONTROL
DOTS
was declared as a
TUBERCULOSIS
biggest step taken

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

against tuberculosis by
the WHO in the news
conference of Berlin in
1997. According to the
global situation of this
epidemic disease, a
really working health
breakthrough was very
necessary to make
possible the control of

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MANY ORGANIZATION JOIN


WHO
TO
CONTROL
TUBERCULOUS

Almost 200
organizations were
joined to perform
the awareness
activities on the
World TB Day of
1998 where top 22
most affected
countries with TB
were announced by
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WORLD TUBERCULOSIS
DAY 2016 - MARCH 24
Every year World
Tuberculosis Day is
observed on 24 March to
make people aware about
the hazardous disease.
Tuberculosis causes nearly
1.6 million deaths every
year around the planet. In
1882 Dr Robert Koch
thunderstruck the scientific
community by announcing
that he had discovered the
cause of tuberculosis, the
Dr.T.V.Rao MD
TB bacillus on March 24.

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THEME
World Tuberculosis Day is
an observance and is not a
public holiday. The theme
for this year is "Unite to
End TB" Globally. Where
as for South Africa, we
have adopted the National
Department of Health
theme which is: Tackling
TB in the cities.
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WHAT WORLD TB DAY MEANS


TO ALL
World TB Day is about
commemorating the lives
and stories of people that
are affected by TB and
have been treated for it.
The nurses, doctors,
researchers, community
workers have put in global
fight against the deadly
TB

.-

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WORLD TB DAY, 24 MARCH


Tuberculosis (TB) is a top infectious disease killer
worldwide.
In 2014, 9.6 million people fell ill with TB and 1.5 million
died from the disease.
Over 95% of TB deaths occur in low- and middle-income
countries, and it is among the top 5 causes of death for
women aged 15 to 44.
In 2014, an estimated 1 million children became ill with TB
and 140 000 children died of TB.
TB is a leading killer of HIV-positive people: in 2015, 1 in
3HIV deaths was due to TB.
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Globally in 2014, an estimated 480 000 people developed

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WORLD TB DAY, 24 MARCH


The Millennium Development Goal target of halting and
reversing the TB epidemic by 2015 has been met globally.
TB incidence has fallen by an average of 1.5% per year since
2000 and is now 18% lower than the level of 2000.
The TB death rate dropped 47% between 1990 and 2015.
An estimated 43 million lives were saved through TB
diagnosis and treatment between 2000 and 2014.
Ending the TB epidemic by 2030 is among the health targets
of the newly adopted Sustainable Development Goals.

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GLOBAL IMPACT OF TB
TB occurs in every part of
the world. In 2014, the
largest number of new TB
cases occurred in the
South-East Asia and
Western Pacific Regions,
accounting for 58% of new
cases globally. However,
Africa carried the most
severe burden, with 281
cases per 100 000
population in 2014
(compared with a global
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average of 133).

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GLOBAL IMPACT OF TB
In 2014, about 80% of reported TB cases
occurred in 22 countries. The 6 countries
that stand out as having the largest number
of incident cases in 2014 were India,
Indonesia, Nigeria, Pakistan, Peoples
Republic of China and South Africa. Some
countries are experiencing a major decline in
cases, while in others the numbers are
dropping very slowly. Brazil and China for
example, are among the 22 countries with a
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GREATER RISK WITH HIV


INFECTION
When a person develops active TB disease,
the symptoms (cough, fever, night sweats,
weight loss etc.) may be mild for many
months. This can lead to delays in seeking
care, and results in transmission of the
bacteria to others. People with active TB can
infect 10-15 other people through close
contact over the course of a year. Without
proper treatment, 45% of HIV-negative
people with TB on average and nearly all
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WHO RESPONSE
WHO PURSUES 6 CORE
FUNCTIONS IN ADDRESSING TB

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1Provide global leadership on


matters critical to TB.
2.Develop evidence-based
policies, strategies and
standards for TB prevention,
care and control, and monitor
their implementation.
3.Provide technical support to
Member States, catalyze
change, and build sustainable
capacity.
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WHO PURSUES 6 CORE


FUNCTIONS IN
ADDRESSING
4Monitor
the global TB
situation,
and measure
TB
progress in TB care,
control, and financing.

5.Shape the TB research


agenda and stimulate
the production,
translation and
dissemination of
valuable knowledge.
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6.Facilitate and engage


in partnerships for TB

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THINGS WHICH CAN STOP THE


SPREAD OF TB
You can prevent TB
from spreading out by
covering your mouth
while coughing and
sneezing. Windows
should be kept open
and the flow of fresh air
should be allowed. And
the treatment should
also be carried out till
the end and medication
should be continued
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WHY WE CONTINUE TO
CELEBRATE WORLD TB DAY
World TB Day celebration provides a big opportunity
to all the people to get aware about the causes and
precautions of TB. It mobilizes the political and social
authorities for further progress towards the disease
prevention for the effective reduction in the TB cases
and death rate in the coming years. Since 1990, the
mortality rate of TB has decreased by 40% all over the
world. Invention of various new TB tools has occurred
for rapid diagnostic tests of TB. All this have become
possible only because of this awareness campaig n.
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WHAT DO PEOPLE DO?


Various World
Tuberculosis Day events
and activities are
organized by various
organizations involved
in the Stop TB
Partnership. WHO is a
United Nations (UN)
health authority that
works with this network
to promote World
Tuberculosis Day each
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WHAT DO PEOPLE DO?

Community discussion
groups that are
organized to look at
ways to prevent TB.
Award ceremonies or
other events to honour
the life and work of
those who dedicate
their lives to prevent
and fight against TB.

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Photo exhibitions that


showcase images to
raise worldwide

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CAMPAIGN ACTIVITIES
INCLUDE
Charity events to raise
funds for disease control
(of TB) in countries that
need assistance.
People, community
groups and government
agencies may also take
the time to work with
broadcast, print and
online media to promote
stories on the awareness
of tuberculosis and the
works of those who help
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INDIA CELEBRATED TB DAY WITH


CONCERN AND PUBLIC AWARENESS

World TB
Day/World
Tuberculosis Day
2016 would be
celebrated all
over the world on
24th of March, at
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A PUBLIC HEALTH
MESSAGE TO ALL

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GREAT PLAN TO CONTROL


TUBERCULOSIS

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UN CHIEF URGES GOVERNMENTS


INTENSIFY EFFORTS TO END
TUBERCULOSIS BY 2035
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ATTENTION OF VIEWERS

I am thankful to many in the world who made me to achieve my desired goals faster than I
thought, having > 3-5 million health professionals share and utilize my knowledge for the
benefit of mankind, Today I wish to be freelancer to the world to create interest in
Medical, Clinical and Diagnostic Microbiology with more emphasis on Infectious diseases
and Hospital associated Infection wish to be your partner in educating many millions who
know well the importance of Infectious diseases

You can visit many web sites of mine


www.medmicrobes.com
www.slidehsare.com
www.authourstream.com
www,scribd.com
Be a friend on Facebook with tummalapalli venkateswararao access
Raos Microbiology
Raos Infection care
Microbiology connected Travancore Medical College
For any assistance on INFECTION REALTED ISSUES CONTACT ME AT doctortvrao@gmail.com

Mob +91 7204113154


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Program Created by Dr.T.V.Rao MD for


Benefit of Medical and Paramedical
Professionals in the Developing World
Created from World Wide Resources
Email
doctortvrao@gmail.com
Dr.T.V.Rao MD

3/11/16