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Workshop on Agriculture

Scenario in Eastern India


Date-06.04.2015

Sri Rajesh Verma


Principal Secretary,
Agriculture Department
Govt. of Odisha

ODISHA AT A GLANCE
Agrarian State with 65 % population dependent on
Agriculture
Contribution to GSDP
:- 15.4 % (2014-15 Adv.
Estimate)
Total Cultivated Area
:-64.09 lakh ha (41.16 % of
geographical area)
Average size of holding :-1.15 ha
Small and Marginal farmers
:-86% of the farming
community
Agro climatic zones
:- 10
Average annual rainfall :-1452 mm
Net Sown area
:-53.31 lakh ha(2012-13)
Cropping Intensity :-157 %(2012-13)
Irrigation Potential created :- Kharif-31.31 lakh ha
(2012-13)
: Rabi-15.74 lakh ha

Area, Production and Productivity of major crops


(2013-14)
A

Rice

4180.22

1821

7613.42

Total Cereals

4668.20

1837

8574.31

Pulses

2088.30

507

1058.15

Total Food grains

6756.00

1426

9632.46

Oilseeds

752.40

928

698.57

Fibre crops

151.87

576

485.75

Sugarcane

35.34

71980

2543.79

Vegetables

677.33

13915

9425.21

Spices

155.30

3149

489.08

Crop

A : Area in 000 ha.

P : Prod in 000 MT/Bales

Y : Yield

PRODUCTION SCENARIO AT A
GLANCE
(RICE & FOOD GRAIN )

PROCUREMENT OF PADDY
Year

2007-08
2008-09
2009-10
2010-11
2011-12
2012-13
2013-14
2014-15

Quantity
Procured
in MT

74, 435
44, 32, 092
39, 77, 261
36, 95, 087
31, 20, 557
54,17, 029
40,01,490
31,02,678
(As on
30.03.15)

Strategies

for higher agricultural


Enhancing SRR of production
Paddy
as well as non-Paddy
crops.
Promoting line sowing/
line transplanting.
Creating
additional
irrigation
potential
through various sources.

Enhancing Soil Testing Capacity


(Mobile Soil Testing Laboratories
and Mini Soil Testing
Laboratories).

(No. of sample tested)

e-pest surveillance-100% area


covered in the State.
Promotion of farm mechanisation.
Enhancing farm power input from
1.12kw/ ha in 2010-11 to 1.41kw /
ha by 2013-14.

Farm Mechanisation

States Initiatives

A Comprehensive Agriculture Policy


announced in 2013.

Exclusive Agriculture Budget has been


presented before the Assembly since
2013-14. Plan Outlay of Agriculture &
allied sectors to the tune of Rs 7162
crore during
201314,Rs.9542 crore during 2014-15 &
Rs. 10903 crore for 2015-16, thus
registering substantial increase every
year.
977 farmers crop varieties registered
& a Gene Bank has been established.
Construction of a large number of
community threshing floors - Over
5000 nos. to be constructed during
next 3 years.

States Initiatives
Health Insurance coverage upto Rs. 1
lakh provided to 55 lakh farm families.
On- line fund management of
schemes.
Corpus fund created for seeds, fertilizer
and procurement operation.
GIS/GPS monitoring of all beneficiary
oriented
schemes
including
demonstrations.

Promotion of Direct Benefit Transfer- Software has been


developed to facilitate direct benefit transfer to the
farmers.
Third party evaluation and monitoring by NABCONS of
projects under RKVY.

ISSUES
FERTILIZERS
SEEDS
SCHEMATIC INTERVENTIONS
HORTICULTURE SECTOR
AGRICULTURAL MARKETING

FERTILIZERS
The fertilizer consumption of
the State is much below the
national average.
Due to inadequate supply of
fertilizers, the State has not
been able to achieve the
desired level of fertilizer
consumption.

The State of Odisha is being allocated lesser quantity


of fertilizers vis--vis its gross cropped area compared
to other States. Such discrepancy in the allocation of
fertilizers is more evident in case of Urea.

FERTILIZERS
The State receives only about 80% of the Urea allocated to
Odisha, especially during Kharif season. Very often, the supply
schedule also does not match the peak demand period resulting
in scarcity of fertilizers which at times, gives rise to law & order
problems.
Hence, it is requested that allocation of fertilizer, especially Urea
may be enhanced as follows.
Fertilizers

Present
Allocation

Proposed
Allocation

Urea

(000 MT)
480

(000 MT)
525

DAP

150

160

MOP

90

90

Complexes

230

250

SSP

50

50

TOTAL

1000

1075

Besides, timely supply of fertilizers especially Urea


may be ensured during the Kharif season.

SEEDS

The breeder seed allocation for the State is inadequate. Further,


more quantities of > 10 year old varieties has been allocated
compared to < 10 year old varieties. Besides, some of the
popular varieties like Pooja,MTU-7029,Lalat etc. have not been
allocated.
The supply of non-paddy breeder seeds is not matching with the
allocation. Lesser supply of indented breeder seeds affects the
seed multiplication chain.
Year wise Requirement -R, Allocation-A and Supply S of
Breeder Seeds (Fig in Qtl.)
2012-13
Crop
Paddy

2013-14

693

706

1221

1015

2014-15

827

946

R
1002

809

841

Pulses
120 104 117
154
123
76
175
172
56
As a matter of experience, the performance of public hybrid paddy
Oil
108
889
1667
1502 by
1412
1670 1555
varieties150
(Ajay
& Rajlaxmi)
released
CRRI1894
is showing
erratic
seeds
2
7
behaviour that is caused due to non availability of reputed seed
growing companies.

SCHEMATIC INTERVENTIONS
The State may suffer because of change in sharing pattern of
central assistance under centrally funded schemes especially
RKVY. The State Govt. has requested GoI to increase CSS
component in the State sector schemes as livelihood of about
70 % of the State population is still sustained by agriculture
and allied activities.
Under RKVY, administrative cost,i.e,1 % of Normal RKVY is
inadequate for meeting manpower hiring, mobility support
and other unforeseen expenses for smooth implementation of
the projects. This amount may be enhanced to 2 %.Further,
administrative expenses should be allowed under subschemes also. This is essential to ensure proper monitoring
and evaluation of the schemes. 3 rd party evaluation and GIS /
GPS based monitoring should be made mandatory for all
these schemes.
Flexibility may be given to the State for 20 % diversion of
funds from one component to another component depending
upon the progress of works under various components.

HORTICULTURE SECTOR
Supply of Seed Potato
Odisha produces only about 20% of its potato
requirements.
Availability of seed potato in time at reasonable price is
one of the major constraints.
We plan to cover 30 ha under Foundation-I, 200 ha
Foundation-II and 1000 ha under Certified Seed
production during 2015-16.
For this 600 qtls of breeder seeds and 4000 qtls of
Foundation-I seed potato will be required.
Protocol for certification of Tissue Culture raised micropropagated tubers potato seed tubes should be developed.

Cold Chain Development

We are aiming to establish 112 cold stores in Odisha


in coming 3 years, out of which 50 cold stores will be
proposed under NHM. The cost of each cold store
will be Rs.400-500 lakhs.
The sanctioning power of cold stores with cost
exceeding Rs.200 lakhs is vested with the
Empowered Monitoring Committee(EMC) at Govt. of
India level which delays the implementation process.
It is suggested that sanctioning power of cold stores
and other cold chain proposals may be delegated to
the State.

AGRICULTURAL MARKETING
PSS OPERATION IN THE STATE
Of twenty five commodities covered under PSS Odisha produces five
commodities (Paddy, Maize, Cotton, Groundnut & Sunflower) in
sizeable quantities.
100 % Paddy is being procured by Govt. through decentralised
procurement at MSP.
Proposal submitted for procurement of Groundnut & Sunflower
produced during Rabi 2014-15 - Approval is awaited.
CCI may open additional branch office at Bhawanipatna and enhance
number of procurement centres (presently 10 Nos only)
State produces about 7.8 lakh MT of Maize per annum. Major Maize
producing districts are Nabarangpur, Raygada, Koraput, Kalahandi,
Keonjhar. Govt. of India may consider PSS operation with respect to
Maize from the forthcoming Kharif season.
State also has considerable area (20.88 lakh Ha) under Pulses with
annual production of 10.6 lakh MT. PSS operation for major Pulses
like Green gram, Black gram etc. may also be considered.

ENHANCEMENT OF MSP
Annually about 76 lakh MT of Rice is
produced in the State of which around
45 lakh MT is procured at MSP.
Present cost of cultivation of Paddy is
around Rs. 88,000/- per Ha.
Accordingly, it has been proposed to
enhance MSP of Paddy to Rs. 2500/- per
Qtl. so as to make paddy cultivation
more remunerative.
Similar enhancement of MSP of other
crops should be made in commensurate
with the actual cost of cultivation.

PROMOTION OF AGRICULTURE
MARKETING

Presently 483 RMC market yards operating in


the State
Principal Markets-54
Sub-market yards-429 (With 106 cattle markets,
3 Maize markets, 9 Cotton
markets)
43 Krushak Bazars

Infrastructure in these marketing yards is


required to be improved for safe storing of
produce, grading and sorting facilities and to
provide facilities for the farmers
There is need for establishment of more
number of market yards in the State.
Assistance has been provided under 13 th FC
Award. This assistance should continue in the
interest of the farming community.

PROMOTION OF AGRICULTURE
MARKETINGcontd.

Existing Wholesale markets function in


a very scattered, congested and
unplanned manner.
Such markets need to be shifted to a
spacious locations.
GoI may consider sanction of funds for
establishment of such Markets.
Specialised e-marketing platform to be
set up for commodities like Maize,
Cotton, Turmeric etc.
e- Auction to be promoted to bring
transparency in marketing.

Thank you

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