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Stenter Machine

Mazadul Hasan Shishir , Southeast University

Prepared By :

Prepared By : Mazadul Hasan sheshir


ID: 2010000400008
13th Batch (session 2009-2013)
Department : Wet Processing Technology
Email: mazadulhasan@yahoo.com
Blog : www. Textilelab.blogspot.com (visit)

Southeast University
Department Of Textile Engineering
I/A 251,252 Tejgaon Dhaka Bangladesh

right

Main Units
3

A padder to uniformly wet-out fabrics


and apply finishing agents,
Weft-straightening devices
and control equipment

Mazadul Hasan Shishir , Southeast University

Uses
4

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

The stenter is a continuous types of machine


and can be used before or after
dyeing/printing.
The stenter frame used for following
processes.
Equalizing(skew and bow control)
Printed design control
Fabric width setting
Application of finishing chemicals
Drying
Mazadul Hasan Shishir , Southeast University

Process stages
5

Mazadul Hasan Shishir , Southeast University

Stenter Frame
6

Mazadul Hasan Shishir , Southeast University

Stenter Frame
7

Mazadul Hasan Shishir , Southeast University

Process Description
8

The selvedges are held by two endless chains


typically 40 to 60 metres in length and the fabric
is conveyed through a series of heated
compartments or bays. Hot air is directed onto the
fabric equally from above and below. The
selvedges are held either on pins about 5 mm long
mounted in base plates or by clips that grip the
selvedges between smooth surfaces. Lubrication
of the chain is important and this takes place
automatically during running. The lubricant must
be completely stable during continuous hightemperature operation.
Mazadul Hasan Shishir , Southeast University

Some features
9

Stenter speeds range from only 10 m/min for heavyweight


furnishings up to 100 m/min for lightweight dressgoods.
Overfeed is frequently necessary to compensate for warp way
stretch in previous processing and to minimise shrinkage in
washing and dry-cleaning.
The speed of the fabric through the stenter is controlled by
the motion of the pin chain, but the fabric entry can be
adjusted independently by the entry rollers.
Temperature uniformity over the entire area of fabric is
ensured
Too low temperatures do not allow a good setting while too
high temperatures and too long setting times cause yellowing
(PA and elastic fibres), stiff hand (acrylics), and loss of
elasticity (elastic fibres).
Mazadul Hasan Shishir , Southeast University

Heat setting
10

The setting temperature used is


above Tg. In heat setting, interchain bonds, such as hydrogen
and dipole bonds, break. This
allows the molecular chains to
move and adopt new, stress-free
positions. New intermolecular
bonds then form with the fabric in
a relaxed condition at the setting
temperature. After cooling, the
polymer molecules in the
filaments become frozen in place.
The new bonds are stable up to
the heat setting temperature. The
reorganized internal polymer
structure, and the materials Mazadul Hasan Shishir , Southeast University

Temperature Range
11

Mazadul Hasan Shishir , Southeast University

Equalizing (Skew/ Bow)


12

Mazadul Hasan Shishir , Southeast University

Skew and Bow


13

Mazadul Hasan Shishir , Southeast University

Design Deviation
14

Mazadul Hasan Shishir , Southeast University

15

Mazadul Hasan Shishir , Southeast University

How to control it?


16

Mazadul Hasan Shishir , Southeast University

Weft Straightening Device


17

Mazadul Hasan Shishir , Southeast University

Mahlo or Bianco Location


18

Mazadul Hasan Shishir , Southeast University

Controling Monitor
19

1. Actual
weft
configuration
2. Actual
distortion (in
%)
3. 60min
trend
diagrams
(skew and
bow)

Mazadul Hasan Shishir , Southeast University