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The transfer case receives power from

the transmission and sends it to both the
front and rear axles. This can be done
with a set of gears, but the majority of
transfer cases manufactured today are
chain driven
An on-road transfer case synchronizes
the difference between the rotation of
the front and rear wheels
Transfer cases designed for off-road use
can mechanically lock the front and rear
axles when needed

The gearbox output shaft transmit power to the
main shaft input gear
The intermediate gears are in constant mesh with
the high and low range output gears running on
the differential rear shaft
Power is transmitted to the output shaft by
locking either the high and low range gears to the
differential rear shaft



gear driven
chain driven
drive type
housing type
transfer case shift type

Gear-driven transfer cases can use sets of
gears to drive either the front or both the
front and rear driveshafts
Chain-driven transfer cases use a chain to
drive most often only one axle, but can
drive both axles. Chain-driven transfer
cases are quieter and lighter than geardriven ones

Manual Shift On-the-Fly transfer cases have a selector
lever on the driver's side floor transmission hump and
may also have either two sealed automatic front axle
locking hubs or two manual front axle hub selectors
of "LOCK" and "UNLOCK" or "FREE
Electronic Shift On-the-Fly (ESOF) transfer cases have
a dash-mounted selector switch or buttons with front
sealed automatic locking axle hubs or drive flanges

Gear oil is a lubricant made
specifically for transmissions,
transfer cases, and differentials in
automobiles, trucks, and other
machinery. It is of a higher viscosity
to better protect the gears and
usually is associated with a strong
sulfur smell. The high viscosity
ensures transfer of lubricant
throughout the gear train.


The axle shafts is transfer power or
torque from the rear differential
gearbox to the wheels.

In a rear axle assembly, engine power
enters the drive pinion gear from the drive
shaft assembly and differential pinion
yoke/flange. The drive pinion gear, which
is in mesh with the ring gear, causes the
ring gear to turn
The bearings and rear axle housing are key
components of the rear axle assembly.
They are designed to support and align the
differential assembly and the drive axles

Seals and gaskets are also very

important to the operation of the rear
axle assembly. Seals are used at the
differential pinion yoke/flange and at
the outer drive axles .Gaskets are
used at housing interfaces, such as
between the differential cover and
the housing, to provide a tight seal
from the outside.