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Radio Communication

By Saavin Abeygunawardena
Electronic and Electrical Engineering MEng
Module: Design and Professional Skills

Outline

Importance of Radio Communication

What is Modulation?

What is transmission?

What is Demodulation?

SUMMARY

BIBLIOGRAPHY
Fig2: 3 Main elements of
radio communication
Fig1:
Novice Station
www.arrl.com

Radio Communication
Purpose:
transmission of data from 1 place to another through air without wires
How it Works?
Transmitter: Consists of modulator that constructs waveform before
transmission
Channel: Particular range of frequency spectrum through which
communication occurs
Receiver: Consists of Demodulator that recovers message from
received signal
History?
1887: Hertz demonstrated waves carrying energy could be
transmitted through air
1895: Guglilmo Marconi successfully sent and received radio signal in
Italy

Sound to Electrical Signal Conversion

Audio Information Broadcastig

Sound transmitted 1st converted into


varying electrical current with
microphone

Microphone:

device for the pick up and conversion of


sound waves into electrical signal

1. sound waves created by voice carry


energy towards microphone

2. Sound waves hit diaphragm and


forces it forwards and backwards

3. Coil attached to diaphragm forced


forward and backward at the same time

4. The amount of magnetic field cut by


coil changes

5. According to Faradays Law of EM


Induction Electrical current forms in the
coil

6. Sound has been converted into signal


in the form of electrical current

Fig1: Diagram shows how sound converted into


electrical signal using microphone using piezoelectric
technique.

What is Modulation?

Modulation:

signal to be broadcasted is
combined with the carrier wave

Carrier Wave:

Radio wave required to send


electrical signal obtained from
microphone over air

Also Known as RF Wave

Properties:

Very high frequency

Higher Frequency than microphone


information signal

Produced from Transistorised


Oscillator

Main Types of Modulation: FM, AM

Transmitter and Receiver Antenna

Transmitter:

Radio waves are radiated from


transmitter

Radio waves are produced by electronic


circuit called High Frequency Oscillator

Receiver:

Carrier wave is picked up by the


antenna of the receiver

Radio waves are detected by resonator


circuit in receiver antenna which
resonates only at the same frequency
of radio wave being broadcasted and

Designed to limit the effects of noise on


the recovered information

Fig1: Types of radio wave propagation methods and


antennas used for transmitting and receiving radio
waves

What is Demodulation?

Demodulation

Demodulator :

is the process by which audio information is separated from the modulated


carrier wave

Electronic circuit used to recover the information from the modulated carrier
wave

When Audio signal passes through a suitable speaker the original sound
is produced.
Fig1: Electronic
Circuit design
for
demodulated
signal

Bibliography
Fundamentals of Electrical Engineering and Electronics
B.L Theraja

Hughes Electrical and Electronic Technology - 10th Edition


John Hiley, Keith Brown

http://www.infoplease.com/encyclopedia/science/radiouses-radio-waves.html
http://www.infoplease.com/encyclopedia/science/radiouses-radio-waves.html