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3TH MEETING

Passive and
Active Voice

CIRI-CIRINYA :
@ KALIMAT AKTIF ADL. KALIMAT
YANG KATA KERJANYA
BERAWALAN ME/BER DAN
@ KALIMAT PASIF ADL. KALIMAT
YANG KATA
KERJANYABERAWALAN DI-TER.
@ PADA PASSIVE VOICE SEMUA
KATA KERJANYA BENTUK KETIGA
(V III) ATAU PAST PARTICIPLE.

TO BE + V III

SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE IN PASSIVE VOICE


S + TO BE (IS, AM ARE) + VERB III + BY + O
Eg.

Active : My father drinks coffee


everyday.
Passive: Coffe is drunk by my
father everyday.
Actv: Melly and Ann make
cookies.
Passv: Cookies are made by them

PASSIVE VOICE

S + TO BE (WAS/WERE) + VERB III + BY


+O
Eg.

Active: We met Mr. Agus in the library


yesterday.
Passive: Mr. Agus was met by us in the
library yesterday.
Actv: They put their money in the bank
last month
Passv: Their money was put by them in the
bank last month

SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE IN PASSIVE


VOICE
S + SHALL/WILL + BE + VERB III + BY + O

Eg.
Active : Boni will take an examination
tomorrow.
Passv : an examination will be taken by
boni
tomorrow.
Act: My mom will give me present in my
birthday
Passv: Present will be given by her in my
birthday

PRESENT CONTINUOUS TENSE IN PASSIVE VOICE


S + BE (IS, AM, ARE) + BEING + VERB III + BY + O

Eg.

Active : Somebody is cleaning the


room at the moment.
Passive : the room is being cleaned
by somebody at the moment.

PAST CONTINUOUS TENSE IN PASSIVE VOICE


S + WAS/WERE + BEING + VERB III + BY + O
Eg.

Active : I was listening the radio.


Passive : The radio was being
listened by me.
Act: The president of Indonesia was
visiting natural disaster casualty.
Passv: Natural disaster casualty
were being visited by him.

PRESENT PERFECT TENSE IN PASSIVE VOICE

S + HAVE/HAS+BEEN + V3 + BY + O

Eg.
Active: The student have submitted the
report
Passive: The report have been
submitted by the student
Active: My dog has attacked my
neighbours cat
passive: My neighbours cat have been
attacked by my dog.

SIMPLE FUTURE TENSE IN PASSIVE VOICE


S+ WIIL/SHALL+ BE + V3+ BY +O

Eg.
Act: The doctor will start the operation
soon.
Passv: The operation will be started by
him soon.
Act: Demontration will damage to the
prestige of the state.
Passv: The Prestige of the state will be
damaged by demonstration.

PAST PERFECT TENSE IN PASSIVE VOICE


S + HAD + BEEN + V3 + BY + O

Eg.
(active) we had lived in Bangselok for
three years.
(passive) Bangselok had been lived by
us for three years.
(active) he had run 100 mill from his
house.
(passive) 100 mill had been run by him
from his house.

FUTURE PERFECT TENSE IN PASSIVE


VOICE
S + WILL+HAVE/HAS + BEEN + V3

Eg:
(active) Rani will has gone to Semarang
tomorrow
(passif) Semarang will have been gone
by her tomorrow
(actv) Mr. John will has sent the letter to
Mexico
(Passv) The letter will has been sent by
him to Mexico

PAST FUTURE TENSE IN PASSIVE VOICE


S+ WOULD/ SHOULD+ BE + V3+ BY +O

Eg:
Act: we would buy Soto Banjar the
day after day
Passv: Soto Banjar would be
bought by us the day after day
Act: My sister would play a ball in
swimming pool
Passv: A ball would be played by
my sister in swimming pool.

GOOD LUCK
AND
Thank You and
Good Luck
THANK YOU

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