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TECHNICAL SEMINAR ON

EYE-GAZE
COMMUNICATION SYSTEM

PRESENTED BY

MD.SHAHABAAZ
12K41A0555

CONTENTS:
ABSTRACT
INTRODUCTION
USERS OF THE EYEGAZE SYSTEM
SKILL NEEDED BY THE USERS
PARTS AND WORKING
HOW TO RUN THE EYEGAZE SYSTEM
USES OF EYEGAZE
MENUS OF THE EYEGAZE SYETEM
ENVIRONMENT REQUIRED FOR A SYSTEM
ADVANCEMENTS
APPLICATIONS
FUTURE SCOPE
CONCLUSION
BIBILOGRAPHY

ABSTRACT
The Eye gaze System is a communication
system for people with complex physical
disabilities.
This operates with eyes by looking at
control keys displayed on a screen.
With this system a person can synthesize
speech, control his environment , operate
a telephone, run computer software,
operate a computer mouse, and access
the Internet and e-mail.

INTRODUCTION
The Eye gaze System is a
direct-select vision-controlled
communication and control
system.
It was developed in FAIRFAX,
Virginia by LCTechnologies.

Who is using the Eyegaze System?


This

system is mainly
developed for those who lack
the use of their hands or
voice.
Its users are adults and
children with cerebral palsy,
spinal cord injuries, brain
injuries, brainstem strokes

SKILLS NEEDED BY THE USERS


Good control of one eye
Adequate vision
Ability to maintain a position in front of
the Eye gaze monitor.
Mental abilities that improve the
probability for successful Eyegaze use:
Cognition
Ability to read
Memory

PARTS AND WORKING OF THE


EYEGAZE SYSTEM
As a user sits in front
of the Eyegaze
monitor, a specialized
video camera mounted
below the monitor
observes one of the
user's eyes.

How to run the Eyegaze System


A user

operates the Eyegaze


System by looking at
rectangular keys that are
displayed on the control
screen.
To "press" an Eyegaze key,
the user looks at the key for
a specified period of time.

USES OF EYEGAZE
The Basic Eyegaze Can
Calibrate
Typewrite
Read Text
Entertain with games
Teach Screens

With Options The Eye gaze Can


BE AT TWO SITES!!
BE A KEYBOARD
SPEAK through a speech
synthesizer
CONTROL appliances
DIAL and answer a phone

MENUS OF EYEGAZE SYSTEM


The Phrase Program
Typewriter Program
The telephone program
Paddle games & Score Four
Read Text Program
Television

The Phrase Program

The telephone program

Typewriter Program

The Lights & appliances Program

Run Second PC
As a keyboard

As a mouse controller

Environment required for an


Eyegaze system
The Eyegaze System must be
operated in an environment
where there is limited of
infrared light.
The System works best away
from windows, and in a room
lit with fluorescent or mercuryvapor lights, which are low in
infrared.

ADVANCEMENTS
Portable Eyegaze System
Mounted on Wheelchair

Screen of Eyegaze System

IntelliGaze IG-30
It is a sophisticated system with a high tracking rate and
excellent working range.
It can accommodate rapid or involuntary head
movements
Intelligaze uses the latest camera
technology, very sophisticated image
processing and calibration methods

For People with Limited Eye Control


Scanning

Keyboard is the
new row/column keyboard
with an on-screen eye
"switch" for people with
limited eye movement.

The

user may "speak" what


he has typed.

Some of the common eye movement problems that


interfere with Eyegaze use are
Nystagmus - constant, involuntary movement of the eyeball
Alternating strabismus - eyes cannot be directed to the same object,
either one deviates

The common vision problems are:


Inadequate Visual acuity
Diplopia (double vision)
Blurred vision
Cataracts (clouding of the
lens of the eye)

APPLICATIONS
Neurosciences /Neuropsychology
Vision Research
Experimental Psychology
Cognitive Psychology
Psycholinguistics
Psychiatry /Mental Health
Transportation: Flight simulators /driving simulators
Robotics - remote vision control
Video and arcade games

FUTURE WORK
The Eye gaze Systems Eyefollower2.0
Totally Free Head Motion
Automatic Eye Acquisition
Binocular Eye tracking
High Gaze point Tracking Accuracy
Easy User Calibration

CONCLUSION
Today, the human eye-gaze can be recorded by relatively
unremarkable techniques. This thesis argues that it is possible to
use the eye-gaze of a computer user in the interface to aid the
control of the application.
Care must be taken, though, that eye-gaze tracking data is used in
a sensible way, since the nature of human eye-movements is a
combination of several voluntary and involuntary cognitive
processes.