Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 30

PIPELINE QRA SEMINAR

PIPELINE RISK ASSESSMENT


INTRODUCTION TO HAZID

INTRODUCTION TO HAZID

Description

HAZID is a structured, team based approach to identify


hazards, their potential consequences, and requirements for
risk reduction

INTRODUCTION TO HAZID

What is the purpose of HAZID?

-For the defined system, identify relevant hazards and their causes and potential consequences
-Document any existing safeguards (i.e. preventing the hazard and/or consequences from the hazard)
-Assess the risk (i.e. assess the probability/frequency and consequences) associated with the identified hazards
-Make recommendations and assign actions to eliminate, prevent, control or mitigate the identified hazards

INTRODUCTION TO HAZID

Difference between risk and hazard?

Risk could be described as the exposure to a hazard

Hazard any event/object that could cause harm

Hazard a crocodile / Risk exposed to a crocodile

More academic importance

INTRODUCTION TO HAZID

Team-based workshop

-HAZID chairman
-HAZID scribe
-Participants

Different responsibilities within the HAZID team

Composition and size of the team depending on the


situation (e.g. complexity)

Preferable smaller group (i.e. less than 10)

INTRODUCTION TO HAZID

Participants appropriate knowledge and experience (i.e.


experts for the different parts of the system)

Participants appropriate knowledge and experience (e.g.


operational personnel)

-Maintenance
-Safety
-Process

Stakeholders (e.g. contractor, consultant, client and


authorities)

INTRODUCTION TO HAZID

Structured use of guidewords (established before the


workshop)

Specific guidewords for the situation and system


(combination of guidelines, company specific and
experience)

Purpose of assisting in the identification or hazards

EXAMPLE OF HAZID

EXAMPLE OF HAZID

10

EXAMPLE OF HAZID

11

EXAMPLE OF HAZID

12

INTRODUCTION TO HAZID

Difficulties in determine what is actually the hazard, the cause and the consequence

-The hazard (i.e. leak of hydrocarbon from a pipeline system)


-The cause of an event (i.e. corrosion which causes a leakage from the pipeline)
-The resulting consequence of an event (i.e. fire after ignition of the leakage from the pipeline)
-The hazard (i.e. corrosion which causes a leakage from the pipeline)
-The cause of an event (i.e. damaged corrosion protection on the pipeline)
-The resulting consequence of an event (i.e. leak of hydrocarbon from a pipeline system)

Confusion (i.e. incorrect use academic importance)

Consistency use the same approach throughout the HAZID!

13

EXAMPLE OF HAZID

14

EXAMPLE OF HAZID

15

EXAMPLE OF HAZID

16

EXAMPLE OF HAZID

17

INTRODUCTION TO HAZID

What is the purpose of HAZID?

-For the defined system, identify relevant hazards and their causes and potential consequences
-Document any existing safeguards (i.e. preventing the hazard and/or consequences from the hazard)
-Assess the risk (i.e. assess the probability/frequency and consequences) associated with the identified hazards
-Make recommendations and assign actions to eliminate, prevent, control or mitigate the identified hazards

18

INTRODUCTION TO HAZID

Sometimes a HAZID only include the risk identification (i.e. where hazards and their causes and consequences are
identified)

Most of them time a HAZID also include a qualitative risk assessment (i.e. where the probability/frequency and
consequences for the identified hazards are assessed)

Assessment carried out with the support from a risk matrix

19

EXAMPLE OF HAZID

20

EXAMPLE OF HAZID

21

EXAMPLE OF HAZID

22

INTRODUCTION TO HAZID

A number of actions to eliminate, prevent, control or mitigate the hazards are assigned at the workshop

-Additional information
-Inspections
-Detailed studies
-Detailed calculations
-Changes in the design

Based on the close-out of these actions (and possible implementation) an updated risk assessment (residual risk)

Carried out weeks or months after the workshop

23

EXAMPLE OF HAZID

24

EXAMPLE OF HAZID

25

INTRODUCTION TO HAZID

The hazards are recorded in the HAZID sheet

The actions are recorded in action sheets

The workshop is presented in the HAZID report

-Presentation of the HAZID sheet (i.e. the information established at the workshop)
-Presentation of the action sheets
-Information on the workshop (e.g. participants, guidewords and methodology)

Updated based on the close-out of actions and updated risk assessment (residual risk)

26

INTRODUCTION TO HAZID
Advantages of HAZID

Flexibility (e.g. concept high-level hazards / detailed


design detailed hazards)

Flexibility (e.g. could be used to analyse one concept or


compare two different concepts)

Thorough (i.e. systematic approach)

Well documented (e.g. easy to keep track on


information)

27

INTRODUCTION TO HAZID
Disadvantages of HAZID

Information (i.e. strongly depending on the information


available)

HAZID team (i.e. depending on the expertise and


experience within the team)

Close-out of actions (i.e. depending on the commitment


from management)

Effectiveness (i.e. only effective if the hazards identified


are resolved and appropriate actions implemented)

28

INTRODUCTION TO HAZID

Round-around the table (i.e. speak up your strongest


concerns regarding possible hazards) before going into
the guidewords

Gathering experts for the different parts of the system


often leads to discussion of things which might not
actually be a hazard (more cross-disciplinary problems)
keep focus on the hazards!

Spend some time defining the actual system (e.g.


boundaries and project phase)

29

QUESTIONS?

30