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Commercial Vehicle Fleet


Management System

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Computer and Automation


Research Institute, HAS

KNORR-BREMSE
Research and Development
Center

Budapest University of
Technology and Economics

Hungarian National
Police

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MTA SZTAKI

KNORR-BREMSE

Commercial Vehicle Fleet Management System

Project Objectives
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Built-in intelligent control and communication device for


commercial vehicles
On-board unit
Adapted on-board system
On-board system with a new architecture

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Development of the theoretical basis for the fleet


management hardware and software systems
Server center
Architecture development
Research and development of functions

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MTA SZTAKI

KNORR-BREMSE

Commercial fleet management system

Connections of management and


communication systems

GSM satellite

Users

GSM

GPS

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Internet

Fleet Management
Center

On-board
controller

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Information Center

MTA SZTAKI

KNORR-BREMSE

Commercial fleet management system

Adapted on-board system


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APLICOM platform
GPS receiver
GSM modem
Microcontroller
I/O ports
CAN interface

Functions
Position detection
Vehicle and cargo safety
Maintenance
Remote diagnostics
Driver analysis

MTA SZTAKI

APLICOM on-board unit

KNORR-BREMSE

Commercial fleet management system

Adapted on-board system


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Position and navigation


Recommended routes
Dynamic navigation points
On-line dynamic parameters
Expected arrival time

Distance from the destination


Recommended velocity

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MTA SZTAKI

KNORR-BREMSE

Commercial fleet management system

Adapted on-board system


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Vehicle and cargo safety


Velocity restriction
Acceleration monitoring
Axle loads
Temperature of the brake disk
Deterioration of the brake shoes
Detection of punctures
Estimation of road roughness
Cargo hold temperature
Door and tank-valve status
Stowaway recognition
Driver identification
Black-box function

MTA SZTAKI

KNORR-BREMSE

Commercial fleet management system

Adapted on-board system


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Operation and maintenance


Management of maintenance (service) periods
Monitoring of vehicle parameters, specification of intervals
o Condition of brakes
o Condition of shoes
o Condition of air-drier cartridge
o Oil, oil-filter, air-filter
o Coolant level
o Fuel level

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MTA SZTAKI

KNORR-BREMSE

Commercial fleet management system

Adapted on-board system


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Remote diagnosis
Error led status
o ABS/EBS
o ELC
o ADC
o ESP
Pressures
o brake circuits
o air springs
Error reading
Battery voltage
Axle loads

MTA SZTAKI

KNORR-BREMSE

Commercial fleet management system

Adapted on-board system


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Driver analysis
150%
1. Fuel consumption
100%
2. Brake demand
3. Torque demand
50%
4. Lateral acceleration
0%
5. Tachometry
0
400
800
1 200
1 600
2 000
2 400
2 800
6. ABS activity
Evaluation based on weight distribution
7. ESP activity
8. Monitoring of driving and resting time
9. Exceeding speed limits
10.Deviation from planned route

MTA SZTAKI

KNORR-BREMSE

Commercial fleet management system

Experimental on-board system


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GPS/GSM modulok,
rzkelk, jelinterfszek
PC/104 CAN vezrl
PCMCIA WLAN,
PCMCIA video frame grabber
PC/104 hordozkrtyn
3.5 egykrtys szmtgp
Tpegysg
in: 9-48V DC
out: +5V, +DC

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MTA SZTAKI

KNORR-BREMSE

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Commercial fleet management system

Experimental on-board system


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Application areas of the on-board computer


Measurement, data collection
Estimation of the kinematical and dynamical state of the system
Environment recognition (lanes, traffic blocks)
High precision positioning, navigation
Modeling, system identification
Control features
Feedback control: stability enhancement, lane-tracking
Reliability enhancement methods: fault tolerant control, fault
detection and diagnosis
Intelligent unmanned vehicle

Flexible and mobile experimental system

MTA SZTAKI

KNORR-BREMSE

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Commercial fleet management system

Experimental on-board system


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Development of new features


Adhesion coefficient estimation
Tire pressure estimation
Road surface evaluation

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MTA SZTAKI

KNORR-BREMSE

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Commercial fleet management system

Experimental on-board system


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Development of new features


Inertial correction (INS/GPS) for accuracy improvement

acc.
gyro

inertial
navigation

GPS

v,r,C
v, r, C
Kalman filter

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MTA SZTAKI

KNORR-BREMSE

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Commercial fleet management system

Experimental on-board system


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Detection and prevention of unintended lane departures

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12

front left wheel speed [m/s]


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front right wheel speed


[m/s]

pressure of the right rear brake chamber [bar]


4

trigger from the vision system

yaw rate of the vehicle [0.1/s]


-2

MTA SZTAKI

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60.5

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KNORR-BREMSE

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62.5

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63.5

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Commercial fleet management system

Experimental on-board system


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Communication technologies
Short-distance communication (depots, service stations)
Long-distance communication (fleets)

A
TCP/IP

On-board
On-board
Data
Data
Logger
Logger

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WLAN

Commu
GPRS
Commu
nication
GSM
nication TCP/IP GSM
Centre
Server
Centre
Server
SMS

Vehicle
Vehicle

MTA SZTAKI

KNORR-BREMSE

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Commercial fleet management system

Server architecture
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The main functions of the centre


Vehicle and fleet recording
Logistics
Dynamic fleet management
Navigation and trace
Maintenance and diagnostics
Fleet setup

Fleet scheduling
(Logistic)

Trace
Maintenance

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MTA SZTAKI

KNORR-BREMSE

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Commercial fleet management system

Server architecture
Route plan and optimization

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Fastest route selection


Cheapest route selection
based on distances
based on traffic data
Dynamic route modification
based on traffic data
based on weather data
Disposition planning
based on vehicle-park
based on deliverable goods

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MTA SZTAKI

KNORR-BREMSE

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Commercial fleet management system

Server architecture
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Design and implementation of GIS database


building of map-graphs

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MTA SZTAKI

KNORR-BREMSE

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Commercial fleet management system

Server architecture
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Design and implementation of GIS database


Complexity and reachability analysis
Icy roads, dangerous crossings

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MTA SZTAKI

KNORR-BREMSE

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Commercial fleet management system

Server architecture
System structure

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Webserver
Webserver
(Tomcat)
(Tomcat)

Java Middleware

Browse
Browse
rr

Gateway
Gateway

Diagnostics
Diagnostics

HTML

GIS
GIS

Logistics
Logistics

Commun
Commun
ication
ication
Server
Server

DataBase
DataBase
(MySQL)
(MySQL)

Vehicl
Vehicl
ee

Information system

MTA SZTAKI

KNORR-BREMSE

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Commercial fleet management system

Server architecture
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Advantages of the server architecture

The security of the stored and exchanged information is

guaranteed by the strict rules of the safety management of the


database handler and Java environment.
As a result of the database-centered architecture, the servers
can be developed independently on arbitrary platforms by
different groups and the updated modules can be inserted into
the system without interrupting the operation.
In the case of increasing demands the modules of the centre can
be easily multiplied.
Every user has individual web interface, which contains the
services the user needs or has subscribed to.

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MTA SZTAKI

KNORR-BREMSE

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Commercial
management system
A projekt
fbbfleet
eredmnyei,jdonsgai

Server
architecture
Szerver
kzpont
architektrja

User request

DataBase
Connection

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DataBase
Query /
Modification
DataBase
DataBase

SMS
SMSreceiving
receiving//
sending
sending

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Req
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User Interface (applet)

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M20

Communication
Communication
Server
Server

Fleet
Fleet
Management
Management
Functions
Functions
Functional
Functional
Server
Server

DataBase
Query /
Modification

MTA SZTAKI

GSM
information
processing

GSM
GSM

Functions and information exchange

Vehicle
Vehicle

SMS
GPRS

KNORR-BREMSE

22

Commercial
management system
A projekt
fbbfleet
eredmnyei,jdonsgai

Server
architecture
Szerver
kzpont
architektrja

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Map
download
request

Map
Position
DataBase
DataBase changed

Functional
Server

Notification
Position
request

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Functional
server

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Communication
Server

MTA SZTAKI

M20
M20

Request for SMS


sending
SMS

KNORR-BREMSE

GSM
GSM

Cooperating modules in vehicle navigation

Vehicle
Vehicle

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Commercial Vehicle Fleet Management System

Expected utilization of development results


Increasing details of
functionality

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Increasing detail of engineering


solution

Basic
Safety
EconoDiagfeatures
mical
nosis
package
package
package package

Load
safety

Administration

Real-time intervention
Function limitation
Sound effects and visual information
Communication
Vehicle position

MTA SZTAKI

KNORR-BREMSE

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Commercial Vehicle Fleet Management System


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More information:
Url:
http://daedalus.scl.sztaki.hu/nkfp
Phone: (361) 279-6000
Fax:
(361) 466-7503
Contact person:
Prof. Jozsef Bokor, academician

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MTA SZTAKI

KNORR-BREMSE

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