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FINAL COACHING

QUESTIONS
ENGINEERING REVIEWERS OF ASIA
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It explains combustion as a
result of loss of a substance.
Phogiston
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The man behind tabulation of
element.
Mendeleev
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He first framework for naming
symbols using circles and dots like O
for oxygen and O with doth in the
middle for hydrogen.

John Dalton
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A solution contains 33.5 grams of
sucrose C12H22O11, dissolved in 250
grams of water. Determine the molal
concentration? (C12H22O11 = 342 g/mol)

0.392m
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How many grams of potassium
chlorate must be decomposed to
yield 92.7 grams of oxygen? (KClO3=
122.6 g/mole)

236.7 grams
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The volume of a definite quantity of
dry gas is inversely proportional to
the pressure provided the
temperature remains constant.

Boyles Law
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It refers to matter that do not have
definite form or structure.

Amorphous
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Three grams of sulphur dissolved in 200 g of
naphthalene C10H8, was found decreasing the
freezing point of the solvent to 0.72 C. Find
the molecular weight of the solute. (Kf C10H8 =
6.9 C/molar)

135.61 g/mole
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Substance having a pH level less than
7.

base
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It is the enthalpy change associated
with the condensation of gaseous
positive and negative ion into a crystal.

Lattice Energy
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The chemical name for K2HPO4 is
_____.

potassium
hydrogen
phosphate
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It is the cheapest of the soluble salts of
aluminum and is prepared by the
action of sulfuric acid on clay or
bauxite.

Aluminum
sulfate
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It is a product of the weathering of
complex silicates, particularly of
feldspars which are abundant minerals.

clay
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These are isomers resulting from
differences in special orientation of
ligand groups.

steroisomers
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Electrons occupy all the orbitals of a
given subshell singly before pairing
begins. These unpaired electrons have
parallel spins. This is known as:

Hunds rule
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It is a tube filled with a concentrated
solution of a salt which conducts current
between the half cells but prevents the
mixing of the solutions of the half cells.

salt bridge
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This law states that at constant
temperature the volume of a
sample of gas varies inversely with
the pressure.

Boyles Law
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Electron affinity is the amount of
energy absorbed when an electron
is added to an isolated gaseous
atom to form an ion with a 1charge. The general trend across a
period and down a family is _____.
not regular pattern

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It is the scattering of light by
colloidal particles

Tyndall Effect
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Consider H3AsO3, Arsenic acid
(H=1.01,As=74.9,O=16.0).How
many mole is 1kg of H3AsO3?
7.94 moles
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Convert 2.5 liters to quartz.

2.6425 quartz
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It is customary to indicate
accuracy by using a certain
numbers of figures or digits.
significant figures
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It is a verified hypothesis.

theory
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It is required for organic
compounds.

carbon
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1 Angstrom is equal to:

10-8 cm
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Term used to denote the technology of
treating a mined ore to obtain a product
higher on concentration of a wanted mineral
from the unwanted rock mass in which it
occurs.

ore dressing
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It states that, "If a stress is placed on a
system on equilibrium whereby the
equilibrium is altered, that change will
take place which tends to relieve or
neutralize the effect of the added
stress".

Le Chatelier's Principle

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The energy possessed by a
substance that allows it to be
changed into a new substance.
Chemical energy
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If heat is absorbed by the
system during a chemical
change, it is called as:
endothermic
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Who determined the quantitative
relationship between the amount of
electricity used in electrolysis and
the amount of chemical reaction
that occurs?
Michael Faraday
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It is considered as derivatives of
ammonia in which one or more of the
hydrogens have been replaced by the
alkyl or aryl group. It is characterized
by unpleasant odors.

Amines
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Name the given binary compound:
CsF.

Cesium Flouride
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Calculate the molar concentration
of a solution that contains 15g of
potassium hydroxide in 225ml of
solution.
1.2 M
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What is the electronic
configuration for magnesium?

[Ne]3s2
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What is the volume of 1 moles of a
gas at 2 atm and 273 K?

11.2L
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It is a borosilicate glass with a very
low coefficient of thermal
expansion, hence, it's wide for
cooking and serving utensils.
Pyrex
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Calculate the pH and the pOH of
each of a 1.00 M HNO3.

pH= 0.00, pOH= 14.00


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What is the mass in kilograms of
10.5 gal (39.7 L) of gasoline with a
specific gravity of 0.82.
33 kg
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What is the Lowry-Bronsted acid in
HCl dissolved in water?

H3O+
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It is a colorless solid capable of
being cut into brilliant crystals is
the hardest, must abrasive mineral
known.
Diamond
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It is the calculation of both energy
balances and material balances in
a chemical system.
Stoichiometry
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Give the names of the following
covalent compounds.
PCl3 , Cl2O7
Potassium Trichloride ,
DiChlorine
Heptaoxide
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Name the given compound, PCI5.

Phosphorus Pentachloride
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_____ involves the replacement of
one of the atoms or groups of
atoms attached to the carbon
Backbone of the organic
molecule.
Substitution Reaction
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Calculate the volume (in Litres)
occupied by 7.40g of NH3 at STP
(Standard Temperature, and
Pressure)
9.73L
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It is the Energy change
accompanying a mole of electrons
being added to a mole of a
gaseous atoms or ions.
Electronic Affinity
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A silicon chip used in an integrated
circuit of a microcomputer has a
mass of 5.68mg. How many silicon
(Si) atoms are present in this chip?
1.22x1020atoms
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What is the volume of 1 mole of a
gas at 1 atm and 546K?

44.8L
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This Law states that if a process
can be written as the sum of
several stepwise processes, the
Enthalphy change the total process
equals the sum of the Enthalphy
changes
of the Various Steps.
Hess Law
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How much heat will be released
when 65.0g of Ethyl Alcohol, Heat
of Vaporization of 855J/g, changes
from the gas phase to a liquid at
its boiling?
55,600 J
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Sulfur Hexaflouride (SF6) is a colorless,
odourless and very unreactive gas.
Calculate the pressure (in atm) exerted
by 1.82 moles of the gas in a steel
vessel of volume 5.42L at 45C.

8.75 atm
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Calculate the % by mass of
hydrogen and of oxygen in the
compound water

% Hydrogen by mass in =
11.2%, %
oxygen by mass in
= 88.8%
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This process separates the
components of a mixture on the
basis of differences in particle size.
It is used most often to separate a
liquid from a solid.
Filtration
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Determine the chemical reaction
of the following historical
classification:
WX + YZ WZ + XY
Double Displacement or
Metathesis
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Sulfur Hexafluoride (SF6) is a
colorless, odorless, very unreactive
gas. Calculate the pressure (in atm)
exerted by 1.82 moles of gas in a
steel vessel of volume 5.43L at
45C.
8.75 atm
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It is defined as the pressure
exerted by a force of one newton
acting on an area of one square
meter.
Pascal
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Gold is a precious metal that is
chemically unreactive. It is used mainly in
jewerly, dentistry and electronic devices.
A piece of gold ingot with a mass of 301
grams has a volume of 15.63cm3.
Calculate the density of gold.

19.3 g/cm3

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A bottle of certain ceramic tile
cleanser, which essentially a solution
of hydrogen chloride, contains 130g of
HCl and 750g of water. What is the
percent by mass of HCl in this
cleanser?

14.8%

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A covalent bond between two atoms
with different electronegativities, so
that the electron density is
unsymmetrically distributed.

Polar bond
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Which element has the highest
ionization potential of its atom?

Helium
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The acid secreted by the cells of the
stomach lining is a hydrochloric acid
solution that typically contains
0.00774 mol of HCl per 0.0500L of
solution. What is the concentration of
this acid.

0.155 mol/L

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Convert 2.3m to cm

230 cm
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It is the minimum amount of
radioactive material needed to
sustain a nuclear chain
reaction.
critical mass
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Californium-246 is formed by
bombardment of Uranium-238
atoms. If four neutrons are also
formed, what particle is used for
the bombardment?
12
6C
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_____states that a constant
pressure and temperature, the
volume of a gas is directly
proportional to the number of
moles present.
Avogadros Law
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______ states that in the addition of
polar reagents to alkenes, the positive
portion of the reagents adds to the
carbon atom in the double bond that
already has the most hydrogen
atoms.

Markovnikous rule

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How many zeroes in the
measurement 0.00020040 are
significant?
three
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Which of the following describes a
chemical change?

Tarnishing silver
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A laboratory experiment was performed
to determine the percent by mass of
water in a hydrate. The accepted value is
36.0% water whose observed value has
an error of 5.00%. Find the percent by
mass of water.

37.8% water
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Which of the following phase changes
represent sublimation?

Solid gas
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The amount of energy needed to
change a given mass of ice to water at
constant temperature is called the
heat of ____.

Fusion
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Which of the following is a binary
compound?

Hydrochloric acid
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An example of a ternary compound is
_____.

Potassium chlorate
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What is the charge of a hydrogen
atom?

0
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Neutrons were discovered by

James Chadwick
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Who developed the atomic theory?

Joseph Proust
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The impossibility of knowing both the
precise location and velocity of
subatomic particle at the same time is
known as the _____.

Uncertainty principle
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An atom which has the greatest ability
to attract electron is

Oxygen
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If the volume of the mole of gas
molecules remains constant, lowering
the temperature will make the
pressure

Increase
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Whenever you have equal volumes of
gases at the same temperature and
pressure, the volume must.

Contain equal number of


particles
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What pressure must be applied to
225mL of gas at 1atm to reduce its
volume to 100mL?

2.25atm
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How many moles of are present in
44.8L of at STP?

2.0 moles
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A hole is to be punched out of plate having
a shearing strength of 40 ksi. The
compressive stress in the punch is limited
to 50 ksi. Compute the maximum thickness
of plate from which a hole 2.5 inches in
diameter can be punched.

0.781 in
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A hole is to be punched out of plate having
a shearing strength of 40 ksi. The
compressive stress in the punch is limited
to 50 ksi. If the plate is 0.25 inches thick,
determine the diameter of the smallest
hole that can be punched.

0.800 in
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At what angular velocity will the stress
in a rotating steel ring equal to 150
MPa if its mean radius is 220 mm? The
density of the steel is 7.85 Mg/m^3.

628 rad/s
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A pipe carry steam at 3.5 MPa has an outside
diameter of 450 mm and a wall thickness of
10 mm. A gasket is inserted between the
flange at one end of the pipe and a flat plate
use to cap the end. How many 40-mmdiameter bolts must be used to hold the cap
on if the allowable stress in the bolts is 80
MPa, of which 55 MPa is the initial stress?

17

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A pipe carry steam at 3.5 MPa has an outside
diameter of 450 mm and a wall thickness of
10 mm. A gasket is inserted between the
flange at one end of the pipe and a flat plate
use to cap the end. What circumferential
stress is developed in the pipe?

75.3 MPa
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It is the maximum safe stress
that a material can carry

working stress
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It is the point at which there is
an appreciable elongation of
the material without any
corresponding increase of load.
Yield point
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This component measures the
pulling (or pushing) action
perpendicular to the section.

Axial forces
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What is the theoretical
maximum value of Poissons
ratio of any given material
subjected to a uniform triaxial
stress.
1/2
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A steel bar 50 mm in diameter and 2 m
long is surrounded by a shell of cast
iron 5 mm thick. Compute the load
that will compress the combined bar a
total of 0.8 mm in the length of 2m.
For steel E = 200 GPa, and for cast iron
E = 100 GPa

192 kN
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A solid steel shaft 5 m long is stressed
to 80 MPa when twisted through 4
degrees. Using G = 83 GPa, compute
the shaft diameter.

138 mm
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What is the minimum diameter of a
solid steel shaft that will not twist
through more than 3 degrees in a 6 m
length when subjected to a torque of
12 kN.m? Use G=83GPa.

114 mm
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Determine the maximum shearing
stress in a helical steel spring
composed of 20 turns of 20 mmdiamter wire on a mean radius of 80
mm when tha spring is supporting a
load of 2 kN. Use G = 83 GPa.

120.6 MPa
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Determine the elongation in a helical
steel spring composed of 20 turns of
20 mm-diamter wire on a mean radius
of 80 mm when tha spring is
supporting a load of 2 kN. Use G = 83
GPa.

98.7 mm
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These are components of the
total resistance to sliding the
portion to one side of the
exploratory section past the
other.
Shear forces
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Who first postulated that stress
is proportional to strain in
1678?

Robert Hooke Engineering Reviewers


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First material known to be used
by man.

Rock
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