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ABOUT AUTHORS :

1)ANDREAS RUBY AND IIKA RUBY


2)ANGELI SACHS
3)PHILIP URSPRUNG
ANDREAS RUBY AND IIKA RUBY :
ANDREAS RUBY STUDIED HISTORY OF ART AT THE UNIVERSITY OF COLOGNE IN
GERMANY BEFORE UNDERTAKING POST-GRADUATE STUDIES ON THE THEORY AND
HISTORY OF ARCHITECTURE AT THE ECOLE SPECIALE D ARCHITECTURE PARIS WITH
PAUL VIRILIO AND AT COLUMBIA UNIVERSITY IN NEWYORK WITH BERNARD TSCHUMI.
IIKA RUBY STUDIED ARCHITECTURE AT RWTH AACHEN, GERMANY. AFTER
PRACTICING AS AN ARCHITECT FOR SOME YEARS, SHE NOW WORKS AS GRAPHIC
DESIGNER, EDITOR & WRITER.
IN 2001 THEY SET-UP THEIR JOINT EDITORIAL AGENCY TO PUBLISH ARCHITECTURAL
BOOKS AND MAGAZINES AS WELL AS WRITING ESSAYS ON CONTEMPORARY
ARCHITECTURE.

MINIMAL ARCHITECTURE :

ABOUT AUTHORS :
ANGELI SACHS :

SHE IS AN ART HISTORIAN AND EDITOR FOR ARCHITECTURE AND DESIGN, BASED IN
MUNICH.
SHE HAS COLLABORATED AND CURATED FOR THE DEUTSCHES ARCHITECTURE
MUSEUM IN FRANKFURT & THE INSTITUTE FOR THE HISTORY & THEORY OF
ARCHITECTURE AT THE FEDERAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY IN ZURICH.
SHE HAS PUBLISHED WIDELY IN THE FIELDS OF ART AND ARCHITECTURE OF THE 20 TH
CENTURY.

PHILIP URSPRUNG :

HE TAUGHT AT SEVERAL UNIVERSITIES IN SWITZERLAND & GERMANY, AND IS NOW


PROFESSOR OF CONTEMPRARY ART HISTORY AT THE INSTITUTE FOR THE HISTORY
AND THEORY OF ARCHITECTURE AT THE FEDERAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY IN
ZURICH.
HE IS THE GUEST CURATOR AT THE CANADIAN CENTRE FOR ARCHITECTURE IN
MONTREAL, CANADA AND HAS A NUMBER OF PUBLICATIONS ON ART AND
ARCHITECTURE OF 19TH AND 20TH CENTURY.

MINIMAL ARCHITECTURE :

BASIC IDEA OF THE BOOK :


Meaning :

It is to reduce to minimum by use of simple form or structure.


It is also used to describe a trend in design and architecture to reduce its necessary
elements.

Introduction :

According to ar. Maggi toy, allow those living in it to free themselves from the everyday
clutter of life and to relax in a calm/heaven of elligant simplicity, smoothed by
transquility and restfulness of unencumbered space.
This architecture is very much related with ar. Mies van der rohes less is more.
It is highly influenced by Japanese traditional design and architecture that is zen
concept of simplicity to convey the idea of freedom and essence of living.
Tadao ando in his design says that an architecture is based on reduction and simplicity
could help people to discover true essential desires.

Three phases of minimal architecture :


1. Essential minimalism
2. Meta minimalism
3. Trans minimalism

MINIMAL ARCHITECTURE :

BRIEF + CASE STUDY :


Essential minimalism :
Simplification through the elemination of all surface decoration, the
employment of minimal, symmetrical composition and limiting material
constitutes a challenge to contemporary civilisation.
Minimal architecture can also be defined as a reductionist architecture
as a critical corrective to western consumerism.

CHURCH OF THE LIGHT, JAPAN. (AR. TADAO ANDO)


Located in a quiet residential
neighborhood in the suburbs of
Osaka, the small Christian church
made of silky smooth concrete sits
modestly within its environment.
The communal church consists of
two rectangular volumes that are
both cut at a 15 degree angles by
freestanding concrete walls.

ESSENTIAL MINIMALISM :

CASE STUDY :
15 DEGREE
SHIFT

TADAO
ANDO
STRETEGICALLY
CONTROLS DARKNESS TO LIGHT
AND
USES
IS
TANSCEND
BELIEVERS AND EXPERIENCE THE
CROSS, THE LIGHT VS EMPTINESS

One indirectly enters the church by


slipping between the two volumes, one
that contains the Sunday school and the
other that contains the worship hall.
The space of the chapel is defined by
light, by the strong contrast between
light and shade.In the chapel light
enters from behind the altar, from a
cruciform cut in the concrete wall that
extends vertically from floor to ceiling
and horizontally from wall to wall,
aligning perfectly with the joints in the
concrete.

ESSENTIAL MINIMALISM :

CASE STUDY :
TheLiechtenstein Museum : ( AR. MORGER AND DEGELO )
TheLiechtenstein Museum of Fine Arts is the state
museum
of
modern
and
contemporary
art
inVaduz,Liechtenstein. The building by the Swiss
architects Meinrad Morger, Heinrich Degelo and
Christian Kerez was completed in November 2000. The
museum collection of international modern and
contemporary art is also the national art collection of
thePrincipality of Liechtenstein.

ESSENTIAL MINIMALISM :

CASE STUDY :
The
Kunstmuseum
Liechtenstein
was
built by the Swiss
architects
Meinrad
Morger and Heinrich
Degelo, along with
Christian
Kerez.
Together they have
created a museum
building
of
great
structural complexity
and
discreet
simplicity. The closed
form is a black box
of tinted concrete and
black basalt stone.

ESSENTIAL MINIMALISM :

BRIEF + CASE STUDY :


Meta minimalism :

It can be defined as a boundaries were broaden and has ability to expand


into other context.
In the case of many projects it is difficult from our perspective to trace the
influence of minimal Art.
Its is the quasi-artistic conceptual strategies with which architects reflects
upon and expand existing positions that attract our attention rather that
any formal similarities to actual works of art.

Auditorium Convention Center,


Kursaal:
( AR. JOSE RAFAEL MONEO )
The Kursaal Auditorium and Music
Centre is on a site in San
Sebastian
effected
by
hills,
mountains, beaches, and capes.

META MINIMALISM :

CASE STUDY :
The exterior walls are
curtain walls made from
curved laminated glass
with
an
aluminum
structure.
This
wall
structure provides for
changes
in
the
appearance
of
the
volumes. At night they
become light boxes.

The double
walls have flat
glass on the interior. Coupled
with the curved glass on the
exterior, the walls become
supreme sound insulators.

META MINIMALISM :

CASE STUDY :
Maastricht Academy of Fine Arts:
(AR. WIEL ARETS )
TheMaastricht Academy of Fine Arts,
Dutch:Academie
Beeldende
Kunsten
Maastricht(ABKM), is located in the city of
Maastrichtinthe
Netherlands
.
The
Academy has 800 students and was
founded in 1993
The aerial bridge through the
treetops is also the only link to the
other portion of the extension. The
adjoining patio is designed as a
sculpture garden. Both students
and professors are made to walk
along the same route through the
different faculties: Architecture,
Fashion, Painting and Sculpture.

META MINIMALISM :

BRIEF + CASE STUDY :


Trans minimalism :
It means inclusive space that they wish to create by dissolving the
boundaries around the art work and allowing it to expand into the space
surrounding it.
the reflection of the viewer gaze from the surface of the minimalist artwork
back into the surrounding space ought in a (trans-minimalist) architecture to
transform into a transition of the architectural boundary between external
and internal space.
to achive this transitional quality architecture must inevitably abandon the
formal canon derived from minimal art and instead look for architectural
processes that place the building in a relationship with its context by
creating overlaps between its interior and exterior spaces on the level of
material, structure, programme, topography and typology.

TRANS MINIMALISM :

CASE STUDY :
CURTAIN WALL HOUSE : ( AR.SHIEGRU BON )

The extreme audacity Curtain Wall House ( 1995 ) ,


designed byShigeru Ban to house the studio and home
of their client, demonstrating a surprisingly simple and
beautiful amalgam of the old and the new, combining
contemporary materials in new interpretations of traditional
Japanese styles .

MIYAKE DESIGN STUDIO GALLERY :


AFTER HAVING WORKED WITH PAPER TUBES
AS DISPLAY STRUCTURES FOR EXHIBITIONS,
SHINGERU BAN DISCOVERED THAT PAPER
TUBES ARE STRONG ENOUGH TO SERVE AS
CONSTRUCTION MATERIAL OF ARCHITECTURE
IN ITS OWN RIGHT.

TRANS MINIMALISM :

CASE STUDY :
ENTIRELY PREFABRICATED AND ASSEMBLED ON SITE,
THE PAPER TUBE STRUCTURE ALLOWS FOR AN
INSTANT ARCHITECTURE ABLE TO APPEAR AND
DISAPPEAR LIKE THE TEMPORARY FEAST
ARCHITECTURES OF THE CHERRY BLOSSOM GARDEN
PARTIES SO POPULAR IN JAPAN.

TRANS MINIMALISM :

CONCLUSIONS / PERSONAL
EXPERIENCE
:
The
concept of minimalist
architecture is to achieve its essential
quality and achieve simplicity.
The idea is not completely without ornamentation,but that all parts,
details and joinery are considered as reduced to a stage where no
one can remove anything further to improve the design.
The considerations for essences are light, form, detail of material,
space, place and human conditaion.
This considerations can be related with frank loyyd wrights design.
Eg : the falling water.
Minimalist architects not only consider the physical qualities of the
building, Moreover, they pay attention to the details, people, space,
nature and materials Which reveals the abstract quality of something
that is invisible.
search for the essence from those invisible qualities Such as natural
light, sky, earth and air, this is related with the concept of zen
concept. Eg: the zen gardens.

MINIMAL ARCHITECTURE :

PERSONAL OPINION :
In addition, they decide the most essential materials for the construction
and create relationships between buildings and sites.this we have also
seen in past history experience how past architects have related
material with the surrounding.
The movement of natural light in buildings reveals simple and clean
spaces.

Opinion about the book :


THIS BOOK IS CONCERNED WITH SIMPLICITY AND ENVIRONMENT.

WE GOT IDEA OF CREATING SPACES, REDUCING NEGATIVE ELEMENTS


IN DESIGN.
THIS BOOK ALSO RELATES WITH THE GLOBAL PROBLEM OF
SUSTAINABILITY.
BOOK CAN BE RECOMMENDED TO PROFESSIONAL ARCHITECT / STUDENTS TO
LEARN RIGHT USE OF MATERIALS, FORMS, SPACES CONCERNED WITH
SURROUNDINGS.

MINIMAL ARCHITECTURE :