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CHANGE OF STATE:

Evaporation, Condensation
and Freezing
REFRIGERATION AND AIR CONDITIONING

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What is the change of state?


It is the physical process that occurs when a substance
changes from one state to another.
There are six common changes of state:
1. Evaporation
2. Condensation
3. Freezing
4. Melting
5. Sublimation
6. Deposition

Evaporation
IT IS THE CHANGE FROM A LIQUID TO A GAS AT
THE SURFACE.
THIS OCCURS AT ANY TEMPERATURE BETWEEN
THE MELTING POINT AND THE BOILING POINT.

Condensation
IT IS THE CHANGE FROM A GAS TO A LIQUID.
ENERGY IS REMOVED.
THE PARTICLES MOVE SLOWER.

Freezing
IT IS THE CHANGE FROM A LIQUID TO A SOLID.
ENERGY IS REMOVED.
THE PARTICLES MOVE EVEN SLOWER.

Melting
IT IS THE CHANGE FROM A SOLID TO A LIQUID
STATE BY HEATING IT TO THE MELTING POINT.

Sublimation
IT IS THE CHANGE DIRECTLY FROM A SOLID TO A
GAS WITHOUT PASSING THROUGH A LIQUID
PHASE.

carbon dioxide (CO2)


Used for keep the food cool
and fresh in transport.
Keep the blood cooled in
hospitals.

Deposition
IT IS THE CHANGE DIRECTLY FROM A GAS TO A
SOLID WITHOUT PASSING THROUGH THE LIQUID
PHASE.

1. In which state is the snow?


a) Melting
b) Freezing
c) Boiling
d) Evaporating
e) Condensing
f) Sublimating

2. In which state is the puddle?


(Choose 2 answers.)
a) Melting
b) Freezing
c) Boiling
d) Evaporating
e) Condensing
f) Sublimating

3. In which state is the fog?


a) Melting
b) Freezing
c) Boiling
d) Evaporating
e) Condensing
f) Sublimating

4. In which state is the moisture on the


bottle?
a) Melting
b) Freezing
c) Boiling
d) Evaporating
e) Condensing
f) Sublimating

5. In which state is the puddle on the


road?
a) Melting
b) Freezing
c) Boiling
d) Evaporating
e) Condensing
f) Sublimating

6. In which state is the road?


a) Melting
b) Freezing
c) Boiling
d) Evaporating
e) Condensing
f) Sublimating

7. In which state is the moisture on the


leaf petals?
a) Melting
b) Freezing
c) Boiling
d) Evaporating
e) Condensing
f) Sublimating

8. In which state is the water in the tea


pot?
a) Melting
b) Freezing
c) Boiling
d) Evaporating
e) Condensing
f) Sublimating

9. In which state is the ice next to the


mountain?
a) Melting
b) Freezing
c) Boiling
d) Evaporating
e) Condensing
f) Sublimating

10. In which state is the water vapor?


a) Melting
b) Freezing
c) Boiling
d) Evaporating
e) Condensing
f) Sublimating

Which puddle will evaporate faster?


A

If each beaker contains 8 ounces of water,


which beaker will evaporate the quickest?

In which cup will the ice melt quicker?


A

3. Under which of the following conditions will


water evaporate the slowest?
a) Humidity = 95%

b) Humidity = 80%

c) Humidity = 30%

d) Humidity = 70%

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