Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 23

(A Quick Overview)

The WWW & The Internet

Todays Agenda
Introduction
The

WWW
Search Engines
Internet technologies (Internet
Back bone, & Communication
protocols)
Connecting to the
Internet(Communication
Software+ Telecom Hardware)

INTERNET
Internet is a collection of millions of
computer's that are connected with each
other around the world.
The Internet, also called the Net, is a
worldwide collection of networks that links
millions of businesses, government
agencies, educational institutions, and
individuals.

The World Wide Web


The World Wide Web (WWW),
or Web, consists of a worldwide
collection of electronic Web is
called a Web page, which can
contain text, graphics,
animation, audio, and video.
Additionally, Web pages usually
have built-in connections to other
documents.

The World Wide Web


WEB

SITE

A Web site is a
collection of related Web
pages and associated items, such
as documents and pictures,
stored on a Web server.

Browsing the Web


A

Web browser, or browser, is


application software that allows
users to access and view Web
pages or access Web programs.

DOWNLOADING
Downloading

is the process of
a computer or device receiving
information, such as a Web
page, from a server on the
Internet. While a browser
downloads a Web page, it typically
displays an animated logo or icon
in the browser window.

Web Addresses
A

Web page has a unique address, called


a URL (Uniform Resource Locator) or
Web address. For example, the home
page for the United States National Park
Service Web site has http://www.nps.gov
as its Web address.
A Web address consists of a protocol,
domain name, and sometimes the path
to a specific Web page or location on a
Web page. Many Web page addresses
begin with http://.

Web Address

Protocol
domain name
path
W
name
http://
www.us-parks.com /grand_canyon /
scenic_vistas.html

Types Of Web Sites

Search Engines/Content
aggregator
A

search engine is a program


that finds Web sites, Web pages,
images, videos, news, maps, and
other information related to a
specific topic.

Search Engines/content
aggregator

Business/Marketing
A

business/marketing Web site


contains content that promotes
or sells products or services
Nearly every enterprise has a
business/marketing Web site.

Telecommunications
Software
Telecommunications

and network management


software may reside in PCs, servers,
mainframes
Network servers and other computers in a
network use these programs to manage network
performance.
Network management programs perform functions
such as automatically checking client PCs for
input/output activity, assigning priorities to data
communications requests from clients and
terminals, and detecting and correcting
transmission errors and other network problems.
E.g.
Windows XP , UNIX, Linux, or Microsoft Windows

Network Management
Traffic

Management. Manage network resources and


traffic to avoid congestion and optimize
telecommunications service levels to users.
Security. Provide security as one of the top concerns of
network management today. Telecommunications
software must provide authentication, encryption,
firewall, and auditing functions, and enforce security
policies. Encryption, firewalls, and other network security
Network Monitoring. Troubleshoot and watch over the
network, informing network administrators of potential
problems before they occur.
Capacity Planning. Survey network resources and
traffic patterns and users needs to determine how best
to accommodate the needs of the network as it grows
and changes.

The Business Value of


Telecommunications Networks
Use

of the Internet, intranets, extranets, and


other telecommunications networks can
dramatically cut costs, shorten business lead
times and response times, support ecommerce, improve the collaboration of
workgroups,
Develop online operational processes, share
resources, lock in customers and suppliers, and
develop new products and services.
These benefits make applications of
telecommunications more strategic and vital for
businesses that must increasingly find new ways
to compete in both domestic and global markets.

Enterprise Collaboration
System(ECS)
Enterprise

collaboration systems is to
enable us to work together more
easily and effectively by helping us to:
Communicate: Share information
with each other.
Coordinate: Organize our individual
work efforts and use of resources.
Collaborate: Work together
cooperatively on joint projects and
assignments.

Network Architectures and


Protocols
The

goal of network architectures is to


promote an open, simple, flexible,
and efficient telecommunications
environment, accomplished by the
use of standard protocols,
standard communications hardware
and software interfaces, and the
design of a standard multilevel
interface between end users and
computer systems.

Network protocol
A

protocol is a standard set of


rules and procedures for the
control of communications in a
network.
However, these standards may
be limited to just one
manufacturers equipment or just
one type of data communications

Network protocol
OSI

Model (Open Systems


Interconnection)
TCP/IP
(Transmission Control
Protocol/Internet Protocol)
VOIP
(Voice over IP)

Telecommunications
Media/Hardware
These

include twisted-pair
wire, coaxial cables, and
fiber-optic cables,
Satellites, cellular phone
systems, and packet and LAN
radio, all of which use
microwave and other radio
waves.

Networking Devices
Hub
Switch
Bridge
Router
Gateway
Modem
NICs

(Network Interface Card)


ISDN (Integrated Services Digital
Network)
DSL (Digital subscriber Line)
WAPs (Wireless Access Point)
25