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SWEETY

ROLL NO. 20

TOPIC CRICKET

WHAT IS CRICKET?

CRICKET IS A GAME
PLAYED BY TO
TEAMS. IT IS
PLAYED ON LARGE
OVAL GROUND.
WITH A
RECTANGULAR PITCH
IN THE MIDDLE
WITH WICKETS AT
EACH END.

FAMOUS PESONALITIES

BRETT LEE

SACHIM RAMESH TENDULKAR

BRIAN LARA

MAHAMMED KAIF

JASON GILLESPIE

YUVRAJ SINGH

NICKY BOJE

SACHIN & SEHWAG

IRFAN PATHAN

UNMUCKT

HISTORY
Cricket grew out of many stick and ball games
played in England 500 years ago.
Early cricket was at some time or another described
as "a club striking a ball (like) the ancient games of
club-ball, stool-ball, trap-ball, and stab-ball".
Cricket can definitely be traced back to Tudor
times in early 16th-century England. Written
evidence exists of a game known as creag being
played by Prince Edward, the son of Edward I (Long
shanks), at Newenden, Kent in 1301 and there has
been speculation, but no evidence, that this was a
form of cricket.

GROWTH OF CRICKET AS POPULAR


GAME
The sport's earliest definite mention is in a court case
referring to a sport called creckett in 1598.
The social and economic history of England in the
eighteenth and nineteenth centuries , crickets early
years , shaped the game and gave cricket its unique
nature.
During the 17th century, numerous references indicate
the growth of cricket in the south-east of England.
By the end of the century , it became an
organized activity being played for high
Stakes and is believed that the first professional match was played in 1660.

The transformation of the


Game and cricket today

Modern cricket is dominated by test , one day and


the T -20.The Ranji trophy and the IPL left behind
the Pentangular tournament and the amateur
cricket or the Victorian England.
Players like Don Bradman and Ck.Nayadu are still
remembered while players like Palwankar Baloo
who didn't played test cricket are forgotten.
The British colonialism ended and the international
cricket came into the hands of the Imperial cricket
conference.ICC was later renamed the
International Cricket Conference in 1965.
After 1989 the position of England and Australia in
ICC scrapped into equal membership

The colonial flavor of world cricket can be seen

from the fact that that during 1950s and 1960s


even when South Africa practiced racial
segregation , England and other white countries
continued to play with them .
Test playing nations like India , Pakistan and
West- Indies boycotted them and only by 1970 ,
white nations and ICC were against South Africa.
The 1970s saw major transformation of the game
with the introduction of one-day Internationals in
1971.
The first one day match was played between
England and Australia in Melbourne.
After 1975 , Cricket became a televised sport.

CRICKET IN COLONIAL INDIA


The popularity of cricket, a colonial game in India or in West

Indies or South Africa does not point to any contradiction,


rather it signals certain important trends in globalization.
It shows that colonialism was more than a system of economic
exploitation and political domination; it was also an occasion for
opening a cultural and sometimes civilization dialogue .Similarly
British colonialism brought cricket in India and today the game
has brought glory to the nation.
Cricket in colonial India was organised on the principle of race
and religion. The first record we have of cricket being played in
India is from 1721 , an account of recreational crocket being
played by the English sailors.
In India the local elites have tried to copy the habits of their
colonial master.

The first Indian club, the Calcutta cricket club was

established in 1792.Cricket in India was wholly a sport


played by British military men and civil servants .
The British brought cricket to India in the early 1700s,
with the first cricket match played in 1721..
The first Indian community to start playing the game
was the Zoroastrians , the Parsis .
In 1848, the Parsi community in Bombay formed the
Oriental Cricket Club, the first cricket club to be
established by Indians. Parsi clubs were funded and
sponsored by Tatas and Wadhias .
After slow beginnings, the Europeans eventually invited
the Parsis to play a match in 1877. The Parsi team
challenged the Bombay gymkhana and defeated them
in 1889.
By the 1890s , Hindus and Muslims were busy
gathering funds and support for Hindu gymkhana and

Spread Of Cricket
The British Empire had been instrumental in spreading the

game overseas and by the middle of the 19th century it


had become well established in India, North America, the
Caribbean, South Africa, Australia and New Zealand.
Cricket remained a colonial game and

unlike football and hockey which became


international games.
The pre-industrial oddness of cricket

made it harder to export and it took root


only in countries that the British ruled.
Playing cricket in colonial state became a

sign of superior social and racial status.

A newspaper report survives of "a great cricket

match" with eleven players a side that was played


for high stakes in Sussex in 1697 and this is the
earliest known reference to a cricket match of
such importance.
The game underwent major development in the
18th century and became the national sport of
England. Betting played a major part in that
development with rich patrons forming their own
"select XIs".
The first written laws of cricket were drawn up in
1744.

Some rules according to the laws of 1744 were Stumps 22 inches high and bails- 6 inches .
Ball 5-6 ounces .
Pitch or distance between two stumps 22 yards.
There were no limits on the shape of bats
but bowling evolved around 1760 when bowlers

began to pitch the ball instead of rolling or


skimming it towards the batsman. This caused a
revolution in bat design because, to deal with the
bouncing ball, it was necessary to introduce the
modern straight bat in place of the old "hockey
stick" shape.

The 19th century saw underarm bowling replaced by

first round-arm and then over arm bowling. Both


developments were controversial.
The worlds first cricket club was formed in
Hambledon in the 1760s .Hambledon became
the games greatest club and the focal point .
Hambledon remained so , for the next 20 yrs
until the formation of the Marylebone cricket
club in 1787 and the opening of the Lords
ground in the same year.
In 1788 MCC quickly became the sport's
premier club and the custodian of the
Laws of Cricket. New Laws introduced in
the latter part of the 18th century included
the three stump wicket and leg before wicket (lb w).

RICKET AND VICTORIAN ENGLAN


The organization of cricket refl ected the nature of English

society . The rich who played for pleasure were called


amateurs while others who played for living were called
professionals.
The amateurs generally did batting and left the
hardworking aspect like fi elding and bowling to the
professionals .
Thats why many decisions were in
favors of the batsman.
Amateurs were mostly selected as
captains of club teams and national
teams.

Many British men saw team sport like cricket and

rugby as an organised way of teaching English


boys the discipline , the importance of hierarchy ,
the skills the codes of honour and the leadership
qualities .
Cricket helped to confirm this image of the English
elite by glorifying the amateur ideal, where cricket
was played not for victory or profit but for its own
sake ,in the spirit of fair play.

CRICKET KIT

Important knowledge about


cricket
1. Over In this, bowler has to

bowl six times from one end .


2. Yorker when the ball just
bounced under the bat.
3. Half century when the
batsman score fifty runs.

4. Century when the batsman score

100 runs.
5. Bouncer when the bowler bowls
the ball above the shoulder of the
batman.
6. Duck when the batsman get out
without scoring a single run

History of cricket

Early cricket was at some time or another


described as a club a club striking a
ball . Cricket can definitely be traced
back to Tudor times in early sixteenth
century England. Written evidence exists
of a game known as creag being played
by prince by Prince Edward, A number of
other words have been suggested as
sources for the term called Cricket.

World records in ODI


cricket
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

Highest run Sachin Tendulker


Highest number of centuries Sachin Tendulker
Highest run in one match Virendra Sehwag
Highest inning total 443 (srilanka)
Most centuries - Sanchin Tendulker
Fastest fifty Sanath Jayasurya
Fastest centuries Sahid Afridi
Most sixes in career Sahid Afridi
Most fours in career Sachin Tendulker
Most run in a year Sachin tendulker

Fundamental skills
Batting
2. Bowling
3. Fielding
4. Catch
5. Cover drive
6. Reverse sweep
7. Sweep
8. Hook
9. Pull
10. Square cut
11. Drive
12. Off spin
13. Leg spin
14. On swing
15. Off swing
16. Played
17. Helicopter shot
18. Straight drive
19. Upper cut
1.

Important tournaments
World

cup ODI

IPL
Asia

cup
World cup T20
Try series
Ranjhi trophy
Champion trophy
Border Gavaskar trophy

Fielding team can out a


batsman by 1.

2.

Bowled If the bowler bowls the


ball direct to the stumps and the
batsman cant play the bowl he will
be out.
Caught If the batsman hit the
bowl and if fielders or wicket keeper
caught it without touching the
ground he will be out.

Leg

before wicket (lbw) If the


bowler bowls the ball and the
ball touches the pads of the
batsman and if batsman stand
straight ahead of the stumps he
will be out.
Run out fielder catches ground
ball and throw it at wickets,
knocking it down before the
batsman get into the cries.

Extra runs
Wide ball when the ball goes beyond the
reach of the batsman. Then the umpire
gives the signal of wide then batting team
get 1 extra run.
2. No ball there are two types of no ball
1) when the bowler crosses the crease
while bowling.
2) when the bowler bowls the bowl and
the ball crosses from above the batsman
back without touching the ground.
In both ways batting team get 1 run.
1.

3. Leg bye when the bowl


touched the batsmans pad
only.
4. When the ball neither touch
the batsman bat nor pad.

India cricket team