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architectural

d e s i g n - IV

SERVICES IN A HOUSING
COMPLEX
By,
Vishnu K Suresh
UoP#3913158
Dr. D. Y. Patil School Of Architecture

CONTENTS

Services Brief Explanation


Requirements in a Housing Complex
Services Planning
Water Supply
Drainage
Electricity
Fire-fighting

Services

One of the prime requirements of any building design.


The organizational part of any design, that allows it to work and perform its functions
properly, in architectural sense, a building.
It works as a network of facilities, and functional needs that allow the users to use the
buildings properly and as intended by the architect.

AESTHETIC/CREATIVE CONTEXT

GOOD DESIGN

BUILDING CONSTRUCTION

SERVICES

Requirements Of A Typical Housing


Complex

Housing Complex

Variety of Living Conditions that includes cultural, sociological, economic, religious and habitual ramifications
Different, as they may be, their individual needs boil down to some basic requirements, in terms of architectural living
quality fresh air, daylight, water.
Every housing complex needs to fulfill its basic requirements for proper living, that comes in terms of services for
ease of living, and in certain cases, makes living possible.

Requirements

Water Supply
Drainage
Electricity
Fire-fighting

Overhead Water Tank

WATER SUPPLY
Considering any housing system, this is one of the most
important service that needs to be taken care of.

Pipes take the water


To the O/H Tank by
way of mechanical
motors

Water Supply in a Housing Complex

Drinking

Individual Uses such as washing, cleaning etc.

Maintenance Of Landscaping (if any)


Fire-Fighting
All of these requirements are fulfilled by bringing in water to
the complex, and then proper distribution through pipes,
conduits, water reservoirs etc.

Individual Water Connections


in Each housing unit

Usually, approximation of water supply in any household is


taken with the thumb rule unit of volume of water, i.e.,

165 L / Person / Day

Fire Hydrant Also


Uses water

Corporation Water Line


- Main Water
Connection from
Municipal/Corporation
Authority
Water Meter

Underground Water
Tank

Bore Well / Regular Well

Table Showing Water Requirement


for Fire-Fighting

FIRE-FIGHTING
Not just a nomial building code requirement,
proper fire fighting planning enables the users
of a housing complex to avoid fire damage,
and to escape the building in case of any fire
accidents.
Beyond having a fire escape staircase, fully
functional fire fighting tank, and dry + wet
risers, along with fire hoses and fire
extinguishers, having fire proof materials, that
withstand fire damage for a longer time must
also be used in conjunction with the design

Building Ht/
Occupancy

Type Of
Installation

Underground
Tank
Capacity

Terrace Tank
Capacity

Pump
Capacity (At
Grnd lvl)

Pump
Capacity (At
Terrace lvl.)

<15-24 m

Wet/Dry Riser
+
Fire Service
Inlet at G.L

Nil

10,000 L

Nil

100 L / min
+
1.5 kg/cm2
pressure @ top
most hydrant.

24-45m

Wet + Dry
Riser System

50,000 L

20,000 L

1400 L / min
+
>3.2 kg/cm2 @
top hydrant.

450 L / min
+
2.1 kg/cm2 @
tp. Hydrnt.

24-36 m
+ Commercial
Zones @ G
lvl.

Wet + Dry
Riser System

50,000 L

20,000 L

1400 L / min
+
>3.2 kg/cm2 @
top hydrant.

450 L / min
+
2.1 kg/cm2 @
tp. Hydrnt

24-35 m +
Commercial
Zones @ G
lvl.

Wet + Dry
Riser System

50,000 L

20,000 L

1400 L / min
+
>3.2 kg/cm2 @
top hydrant.

900 L / min
+
2.1 kg/cm2 @
tp. Hydrnt

40-60 m

Wet + Dry
Riser System

75,000 L

20,000 L

2400 L / min
+
> 3.2 kg/cm2
@tp. Hyd.

900 L / min
+
2.1 kb/cm2
@tp. Hyd.

60-100 m

Wet+Dry Riser
System

1,00,000 L

20,000 L

2400 L / min
+
>3.2 kb/cm2
+
Multistage Type
Motor (6 dia)
(low lvl. Riser
on low lvls. And
vice versa)

900 L / min
+
2 kg/cm2
@tp. Hyd.

* SOURCE : Pune DC Rules 2006

DRAINAGE and WASTE-DISPOSAL


Drainage and Waste Disposal System in a housing complex,
plays a fundamentally important role in the maintenance of
hygiene and cleanliness of the built space as well as the tenets.
Ideal planning of this service, would enable a healthy
populace living in any housing complex.
Usually the waste collected in washrooms/bathrooms and any
other water-based affluent is called sewage and the waste
collected in solid form is called dry waste. Both are disposed in
their own distinct fashion.

Garbage Chute

Inspection Chamber

Every 10 m, an IC should be placed.


Solid waste is disposed in multiple ways

Garbage Chute Waste is dumped down a chute


which collects all the waste and then takes them away
for recycling/incineration

Manual Disposal People themselves remove the


waste by themselves to corporation vehicles/dustbins
etc.

Manual Waste Disposal

Storm Water Drain

Inspection Chamber
Corporation Sewage

Inspection Chamber
1:10

Inspection Chamber

BUILDING

Drainage from washrooms/bathrooms are collected into


INSPECTION CHAMBERS and through these system of ICs,
travel towards the municipal waste chamber.

ELECTRICITY
Electrification of a housing complex, is a
very gargantuan task, since it involves the
designer from the conceptual stage of the
design.
Optimum distribution of electrical panels,
switchboards, junction boxes, main switches,
Trip switches etc. are to be placed in every
floor and every room.
Housing Complexes also require generator
sets, transformers and panel rooms in the
complex.

Distribution
Box

Distribution
Box

Distribution
Box

Distribution
Box

Distribution
Box
Transformer room

Metre Board

Thank you!