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Indicator
Identify the amount of frequency, angular
frequency, period, and the travel angle
contained in a circular motion with
constant speed
Applying the principle of the wheels which
are interconnected in a qualitative
Analyzing the amount of conductionrelated linear motion and circular motion
on a rolling motion with constant speed

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Circular motion is the


motion of objects on the
circular trajectory, speed of
object speed and direction
remain changeable.
Circular motion can be
divided into:
Uniform circular motion
(GMB)
Circular motion uniformly
accelerated (GMBB)

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Uniform Circular Motion


Objects moving in a circle is said irregular if the
object is moving with constant angular velocity
on a circular trajectory
The position angle can be calculated by the
equation:
= . T, with t = time (s)
Angular position versus time graph on the
GMB:

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MAGNITUDES IN CIRCULAR MOTION


PERIOD (T):
time needed by the body to take the path to a full
circle. Where is the second unit (s).

T = 1/f
FREQUENCY (f):
Number of walks taken a full circle objects in one
second. Where is the Hertz unit (Hz).

f =
1/T
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LINEAR VELOCITY (v):


The distance traveled divided by the object
latency

V = 2r / T
V = speed of the linear (m /s)
r = radius of the circle
T = period (second)

v
A

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ANGULAR VELOCITY ():


The angles that have been taken within a certain
time interval

=
2/T
With
= angular velocity (rad / s)
T = period (s)

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Example Problem:
Bakri spur bike on a circular trajectory
within 1 hour. In that time, Bakri has
done 120 laps. Determine the period,
frequency,
kecepatn
linear
and
angular velocity Bakri if the track has
a diameter of 800 m!

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Unknown:
Asked:
a.d = 800 m
r=
a. T = ?
400 m
b. f = ?
b. t = 1 jam = 3600 s c. v = ?
c. n = 120 lap
d. = ?
Answer:

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Centripetal Acceleration
Centripetal acceleration is the
acceleration of the direction
toward the center of the circle

Acceleration occurs because the


linear speed of the object that
keeps changing.
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Centripetal acceleration is mathematically


written

as = V /r
2

With as = centripetal acceleration


(m/s2)
V = velocity (m / s)
r = radius of circle (m)

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Example Problem:
Bambang riding a motorcycle through a bend
circle 20 m fingered finger when going to
school. If Bambang motor speed 10 m / s,
determine
the
acceleration
Bambang
trajectory leading to the center!
Unknown :
Asked : as = .....?
Answer :as = v2/r =(10)2/20

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Position Angle
The position angle () is the position of
particle moving along the arc of linear
displacement (s) within r from the center
of the circle.
Mathematically calculated angular
position:

=s/r

Where the unit in radians

s in meters

r in meters
Since the circumference of a circle =
2r then = 2 rad
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Regular Changed Circular


Motion
Said to be irregular
objects moving in a
(GMBB)
circle if the angle velocity uniformly
accelerated so that a constant angular
acceleration.
Graph velocity function of time at
GMBB:

Mathematically,
angular
velocity
o
on
GMBB :
t =
o + t
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The position angle traveled by the


moving body uniformly accelerated
circular mathematically written:

.t2

= o . t + .

With
= angle position of the object (rad)
o = initial angular velocity (rad/s)
= angular acceleration (rad/s2)

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Relations
a. Concentric
relationship:
Wheels
On the relationship of two concentric
wheels
direction of rotation and angular
velocity both
same wheel. So: 1 = 2
b. relationships intersect
In this connection both the direction
of rotation
linear speed of the two opposite and
equal.
So v1 = v2
c. Relationship of two wheels with a rope,
then the direction of rotation and linear
speed of the same. So v1 = v2
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Look at pictures of the three wheels are in a


relationship as follows:

If Rc = 4 cm, 6 cm and Rb = Ra = 8cm, and the


wheel angular velocity w = 8 rad / s. discussion:
1. a wheel angular velocity
2. wheel linear speed of c

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Solution
Given:
Ra = 4 cm = 4x10 -2 m
Rb = 6 cm = 6x10 -2 m
Rc = 8 cm = 8x10 -2 m
b = 8 rad / s
asked:
1. a
2. vc
Answer:
1.

va = vb
aRa = c.Rc
a. (4x10 -2) = 8. (6x10 -2)
a = 12 rad / s.

2. a = c
vc = a.Rc
vc = 12. (8x10 -2)
vc = 0.96 m / s

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Referensi
1. Supriyanto.2006. Fisika SMA kelas
X
2. Marthin Kanginan. 2006. Fisika
SMA kelas X
3. Karyono.2007.Fisika SMA dan MA
kelas XII
4. Sutejo.2007.Fisika X

Allow Sad,
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Irna Ilfiana
(09330105)

Allow Sad,
But Do not Despair

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