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Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

CLIMATE CHANGE
PROOFING,ADAPTATION, REDUCING RISK
&
MITIGATION
Through

Positive Interventions

Clean Technology Exposition


16th-18th March, 2016

M.P. Singh
B. Tech.(Civil); M.I.E. (Mech.)
Email:earthizenz@gmail.com
Phone +919815897053

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

Sustainable Development
(SD)

Sustainable Development is, Development


that
"meets the needs of the present
generation,
without compromising the ability
of future generations, to meet their own
needs"
Brundtland Report (1987).
Sustainability is reached in an
environmentally,

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Three
Pillars of
Sustainable
Development

Social

Bearable

Environment
Eqitable

Sustainable
Viable

Economic

Environment: Climate
Change
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Over the years the world has


experienced a phenomenon called
Global Warming.
This has been attributed to Green
House Gas Emission
A few GHGs have been identified and
their Global Warming Potential have
been assigned a value.

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Carbon
Carbon is the Centre point of all life
on this planet: Flora, Fauna, trees,
plants, we the Humans, every body:
All Micro organisms; every single
living body.
Carbon is also the centre point of
most sources of energy.
Carbon stays buried as an element
and after centuries, is converted into
fossil fuel.
Carbon stock in the earth is precious.
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Why so much noise


about Carbon?
All Green House Gas emissions are
measured in terms of Tonnes of Carbon
Dioxide Equivalent tCO2.
The reverse of emission is Carbon
Sequestration.
Meaning Carbon being taken back into
the earth
In 2005 Clean Development Mechanism
was implemented through the UNFCC*
under the Kyoto Protocol. Countries like
6

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

Relevant Green House


Gases

Emitted By:
All kinds of burning: garbage, leaveas, Brick Kilns

Carbon Dioxide
Global Warming Potential

1*

Emitted By:
Wastewater, Piles of Solid Waste, Anaerobic Manuring of
dung, dirty ponds, irrigation practice of flooding paddy
fields

Methane
Global Warming Potential

21*

Emitted By:
Wastewater, dirty ponds receiving untreated sewage,
Excessive use of N-fertilizer, Brick Kilns

Nitrous Oxide
Global Warming Potential

* tCO e
2

310*

*Tonnes Carbon dioxide equivalent

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

IPCC Reports

Starting 1988, when the First


Assessment Report of IPCC* was
released, there have been four more.
The fifth one coming in 2014.
Initially Emission Reduction was
considered enough to neutralize
Climate Change.
Now we are talking of Mitigation,
Adaptation, Risk Assessment and
Climate Change Proofing
8

GHG
emissions
growth
Earthizenz
Eco Friendly
Systems between 2000 and 2010
has been larger than in the previous three
decades.

Based on Figure
SPM.1

Courtesy IPCC AR5

Without
additional
mitigation, global mean
Earthizenz
Eco Friendly Systems
surface temperature is projected to increase
by 3.7 to 4.8C over the 21st century.

Based on WGII AR5


Figure 19.4

Courtesy IPCC AR5

10

What to do?
Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

1. Work towards using new and renewable


energy.
2. Conserve Energy e.g. make energy
Conserving buildings, use materials and
things that have not dented the carbon
stock.
3. Manage our waste: Waste is a big
source of GHG Emission.
4. Avoid using Energy for Waste
Management
5. Instead, generate energy from waste
6. Sequester Carbon Do our bit to replace
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the carbon we have used.

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Examples of Personal
Intervention

1. Energy Conserving House


2. REDUCING RISK through Vetiver
Technology

12

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Chandigah
Bhaskar

20, September, 2009

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Energy Conserving
House
Double glazed Fenestration ,
is used to advantage,
depending on the season and
time of the day.
In summers early morning
ventilation and light is used.
In winters Morning and
afternoon sun heat is trapped

Not a single Burnt Clay


Brick used in the walls. Self
Manufactured Interlocking
flyash filled blocks have
been used
Double glazed Fenestration
used. One glass is tainted
according to the climate of
this region
Boundary wall and inner
partitions in the basement are
of stabilized soil Compressed
interlocking blocks made with
the soil from the basement
itself.
Outer walls are further
insulated with Cellular
Lightweight Concrete
Blocks
14

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems


Cellular lightweight foam
concrete has been used on
top of slabs. The density is
1000 Kg/m3

Presentation at PUDA on
17/10/07

All inner partitions are


made of Cellular Light
Weight Concrete, made at
site with German Neopar
equipment

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16

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The first
blocks

How they
interlock
horizontally
and vertically

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

Cellular Light Weight


Concrete

The inside portion of the outer wall


is lined with the same light weight
blocks, for added insulation.
All inner walls are made from
Cellular Light Weight Concrete
blocks, made at site. These blocks
have a density of 1. The density of
water.

The roofs are all filled with this


lightweight foamed concrete.

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Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

CLC Blocks being cured

19

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FAL G Blocks

20

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

Encouragement of Inter locking


Blocks for walls
Saving in
Mortar
Labour
Supporting

Structure

Labour
Time
Energy
Zero GHG Emission

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Interlocking blocks
Materials can be:
Concrete
Fly ash based
Earth stabilized
Can also be cast at site
Can be made of cement-fly ash-coarse
sand mix also
40% less water absorbant
Lesser Mortar required
No Plaster necessary on Faade

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Encouragement for use of


Hollow Blocks
Saving in
Labour
Supporting

Structure

Time
Energy during manufacture
Energy over lifetime of Building
Zero GHG Emission

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Building with CLC


This picture
shows cast in
situ dwellings @
one dwelling/
Day with CLC &
RCLC

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Embodied Energy Value break up for SEB (Stabilized
Earth Interlocking Blocks using Hydraform
Technology)
Raw Material

%age

Weight (Kg)

EEV (MJ)

Soil

62%

19096

C. Sand/St. Dust

30%

9240

Cement

8%

2464

16509

Total

100%

30800

16509

Power: 18.5kwh x
8 hr x3.64 MJ

539

Total EEV/day
production

17048

EEV per Block


Size:
230x220x115

6.09

Deepak Bansal Assistant. Chief (Projects), Design and Development Wing, HUDCO, Delhi
Pooja Nandy, Senior Project Appraisal Officer (Architect), Design and Dev. Wing, HUDCO

25

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

EEV break up for Fly Ash interlocking block


using Hydraform technology
Raw Material

%age

Weight (Kg)

EEV (MJ)

Fly Ash

65%

17290

C. Sand/St. Dust

27%

7182

Cement

8%

2128

14258

Total

100%

26600

14258

Power: 18.5kwh x
8 hr x3.64 MJ

539

Total EEV/day
production

14796

EEV per Block


Size:
230x220x115

5.28

Deepak Bansal Assistant. Chief (Projects), Design and Development Wing, HUDCO, Delhi
Pooja Nandy, Senior Project Appraisal Officer (Architect), Design and Dev. Wing, HUDCO

26

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems


Comparative Chart for Embodied Energy Value (EEV) & Compressive Strength
for Different Building Materials

Building
Mat.

Size (cm)

Weig
ht

Densit
y

EEV(Blo
ck)

EEV/Kg

Kg.

Kg/Cu m

MJ

MJ

Burnt Brick

22.9x11.4x7.6

2.75

1386

4.5

1.64

Solid Conc.
block

30x20x15

21.6

2400

10.4

0.41

Hollow Conc.
Block

40x20x20

26.88

1680

11

0.60

CLC Block

40x20x20

20

1000

11.5

0.48

CLC Block

40x20x10

10

1000

5.75

0.48

HF
Interlocking
Flyash Block

23x22x11.5

9.5

1633

5.28

0.56

HF Stabilized
Earth Blocks

23x22x11.5

11

1890

6.09

0.55

Fal G Blocks

30*20*15

18

2000

7.9

Deepak Bansal Assistant. Chief (Projects), Design and Development Wing, HUDCO, Delhi
Pooja Nandy, Senior Project Appraisal Officer (Architect), Design and Dev. Wing, HUDCO

27

0.44

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

Computation of EEV in a Single Storied Cost effective house


with following masonry option
Bricks English Bond: EEV (MJ) of Building per Sq.m. of Plinth
Area

Deepak Bansal Assistant. Chief (Projects), Design and Development Wing, HUDCO, Delhi
Pooja Nandy, Senior Project Appraisal Officer (Architect), Design and Dev. Wing, HUDCO

28

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

HF SEB BLOCKS EEV (MJ) of Building Per Sqm of Plinth


Area

29% less than brick

Deepak Bansal Assistant. Chief (Projects), Design and Development Wing, HUDCO, Delhi
Pooja Nandy, Senior Project Appraisal Officer (Architect), Design and Dev. Wing, HUDCO

29

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

HF Fly ash BLOCKS EEV (MJ) of Building Per


Sqm of Plinth Area

32% Less Than Brick House

Deepak Bansal Assistant. Chief (Projects), Design and Development Wing, HUDCO, Delhi
Pooja Nandy, Senior Project Appraisal Officer (Architect), Design and Dev. Wing, HUDCO

30

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

Hollow Concrete BLOCKS EEV (MJ) of Building


Per Sqm of Plinth Area

38% Less Than Brick House

Deepak Bansal Assistant. Chief (Projects), Design and Development Wing, HUDCO, Delhi
Pooja Nandy, Senior Project Appraisal Officer (Architect), Design and Dev. Wing, HUDCO

31

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

Fal G BLOCKS EEV (MJ) of Building Per Sqm of


Plinth Area

34% Less Than Brick House

Deepak Bansal Assistant. Chief (Projects), Design and Development Wing, HUDCO, Delhi
Pooja Nandy, Senior Project Appraisal Officer (Architect), Design and Dev. Wing, HUDCO

32

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

Solid Conc. BLOCKS EEV (MJ) of Building Per


Sqm of Plinth Area

28% Less Than Brick House

Deepak Bansal Assistant. Chief (Projects), Design and Development Wing, HUDCO, Delhi
Pooja Nandy, Senior Project Appraisal Officer (Architect), Design and Dev. Wing, HUDCO

33

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

CLC/AAC BLOCKS EEV (MJ) of Building Per Sqm of Plinth


Area

37% Less Than Brick House

Deepak Bansal Assistant. Chief (Projects), Design and Development Wing, HUDCO, Delhi
Pooja Nandy, Senior Project Appraisal Officer (Architect), Design and Dev. Wing, HUDCO

34

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

Comparative chart for EEV with Different Masonry Option


for a Single Storied
House Per Sqm of Plinth Area

Deepak Bansal Assistant. Chief (Projects), Design and Development Wing, HUDCO, Delhi
Pooja Nandy, Senior Project Appraisal Officer (Architect), Design and Dev. Wing, HUDCO 35

Case no.
CasesEco Friendly Systems
Earthizenz
Figures
in parentheses
Demand
(kWh/m2
)

show % Reduction
Delhi

Annual cooling/heating Energy

Jodhpur Bombay Bangalore


(CO) (HD) (WH)(MO) (CC) (CS)

1 Base case

Simla*

Leh*

440.82 (-) 485.46(-) 489.39 (-) 178.46 (-) 119.86

(-) 674.29(-)
2

1 + double glazed
617.75

windows

431.43 469.43 480.64 183.07 104.96

(2.1)

3
4
5
6

8
9

(3.3)
(1.8)
(2.6)
(12.4) (8.4)
1+ cavity roof
392.68 442.18 435.43 150.43 109.71 635.43
(10.9) (8.9)
(11.0) (15.7) (8.5)
(5.8)
3 + cavity walls
326.39 376.61 363.71 124.96 96.79
566.79
(26.0) (22.4) (25.7) (30.0) (19.2) (15.9)
1 + roof insulation
310.46 370.00 339.75 104.32 98.61
579.64
(29.6) (23.8) (30.6) (41.5) (17.7) (14.0)
1 + cavity walls +roof insulation 244.82 304.96 268.07 79.64
86.61
515.32
(44.5) (37.2) (45.2) (55.4) (27.7) (23.6)
Case 1 but window in North
432.36 473.54 478.89 172.11 137.39
686.89
(1.9)
(2.5)
(2.1)
(3.6)
(-14.6) (-1.9)
Case I but ach = 3
452.7
516.21 499.71 179.04 131.14 720.11
(-2.7)
(-6.3)
(-2.1)
(-0.3)
(-9.4)
(-6.8)
Source:
Energy conservation
36153.04
1 + insulation: walls & roof
398.54 145.71 204.57
51.39in 60.96
Buildings, Ind Building Congress

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

Water is made to go
to the bottom of
every chamber. The
sludge at the bottom
gets activated.

Air pipes running


across partitions
37

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These tees ensure that the


lightweight fatty stuff
remains in the chamber and
does not travel to the next
chamber

38

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

Final exit point of


effluent. Goes to the
boundary wall and
through and under it.

Final Air Vent

39

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

Whole clumps brought


from the nursery and
planted in the gravel.
Entry point of effluent.
Passes through large stone
and a very course wire
netting and trickles into the
bio filter bed

40

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

Root zone treatment given


here. This bed will be
broadened after the house
is passed by the urban
authority

Treated water re-enters


the house into an under
ground storage tank. A
solar pump will pump
this water to an over
head tank for usage in
gardening and also
feeding a fountain for
41
final aeration and

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

The original channel was a


straight gravel bed with
about 2% slope, no cells

Another channel with no


slopes, but four cells
provided. Water rises in each
cell upto about 8 and goes
to the next cell

42

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

43

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems


Water collected in an
underground water
tank and pumped up
in an overhead tank as
per need.

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Constructed Wetland
now
45

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Domestic Kitchen Waste to


Methane

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

RECYCLED PLASTIC
LUMBER
FROM MIXED PLASTIC
WASTE

47

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

Wood Plastic Composite

Made by me in 1990, using


worst plastic waste and
Paper

48

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49

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Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

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Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

57

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BMPTC recommended
Materials

58

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

59

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

Integrated Construction
Demolition Plant

60

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Mobile Construction
Demolition Plant

61

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

Sand beneficiation Plant

62

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

Sand beneficiation Plant


This consists of a washing line segregating
+ 6 mm and -6mm feed material from the
feed mix
Sand line producing sands for ready mixed
concrete by processing the washed -6mm
generated from the washing line by
removing silt and clay
A water treatment line purifying slurry
included waste water generated from the
sand line for reuse.
A sludge withdrawal and recycled63 water

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

64

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

The Structures rise from the Sand

Cliffs.

The Roofs are Stainless Steel, facing


the South and

Reflecting Light Towards the


Temple

Theyre built in concrete and

Sandstone

ie

d
f
e
S
e on
h
s isi
o
V
M

e
h
t
d
a
o
r
o
l
o
e
t
t
F
n
a
i
To lley
W
f
o
a
s
V ie
s
r
n
e
e
S

d
r
Ga

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

es d,
i
d
ef lise
S
h e r ea :
s
o en ng
M
e t hi
f
b
o
st has one
o
M ion for
vis ept
c
ex

te
a
W

d
r
a
G
r

s
n
e

Th
e

Sa Catchm
se
en
nd n d
tA
ing
re
ton Cl
aa
i
ne ff
s nd t
s

The only way forward was

Bio Engineering
Through different apps of the
Vetiver System

of
s

ilt

ar

he

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

Carbon Positive Bio


Engineering Solutions

67

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Close up view of
Vetiver Rows on
top of batter

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems


Close up view of
Vetiver Rows on
top of batter

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

THE VETIVER SYSTEM


The Plant
(Vetiveria Zizanioides)

70

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

THE ROOT

Excavated root.
Average tensile
root strength 75

Mpa

Longitudinal section through hedge


profile This type of root mass will

improve soil shear strength by up


to 39%
71

Can go upto 3 meters deep

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems


DIAMETERS &TENSILE STRENGTHS OF SOME ROOTS OF GRASSES

Hengchaovanich and Nilaweera


(1996)
72

Eco Friendly Systems


VSEarthizenz
Technology
Contd

The leaves and stems of the


vetiver plant slow the siltloaded runoff at A

This cross-sectional view


of vetiver shows a vegetative
contour hedge at work.

Reduced Velocity causes it to


deposit the silt behind the plant at
B
while the water continues
down the slope at C at a much
slower pace.

The Plants spongy root system,


pictured at D, binds the soil beneath
the plant to a depth of up to 3
meters.
forming a dense underground curtain
that follows the contour of the land,
the roots prevent rilling, gullying,
and tunneling.
73

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

VS Technology Contd
Water Conservation
and natural water
harvesting, without
physical intervention.
This increases the
ground water level
Back water
retained

Run off water


Percolating water,
recharging the
ground

Percolating along dense


root (3m Deep Roots)
In-Situ moisture
conservation and its
storage

Les
s
out Mome
flow
ntu
m

74

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

THE VETIVER GRASS TECHNOLOGY


CONTD
Deposited and
conserved
valuable Soil

Cross Section of the


same Hedgerow

75

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems


Computor
Simulation of water recharge
paper can be viewed at:
by Whole
Vetiver

https://drive.google.com/file/d/0B3E8MMCy36wZNmMxYzZkZWItZGM4YS00MzM0LWE3MDQtOTBiZmE2Yjc4NmFl/ed
it?usp=sharing

76

Earthizenz
EcoInitiator
Friendly Systems
Vetiver
System:
of AR Projects
Collection of runoff in the contour ditches has the effect of doubling or
tripling the amount of effective rainfall.
Trees planted by this method need no irrigation in the first three years of
establishment.
The vetiver grass lines stabilize the whole system.

77

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

Vetiver System: mulch for the trees


After the vetiver hedges are properly established, the farmer can cut down the vetiver grass
to ground level when the dry season sets in and use its leaves as mulch at the base of the
fruit trees to help retain stored moisture.
The advantage of using vetiver for this purpose is that
Its leaves harbor few insects.

and last well as mulch.

Vetiver hedges also protect the young plants in the hot summer months by
providing some indirect shade
in the colder winter months the hedges act as windbreaks.

78

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

Vetiver System: failure of civil structures

In the Himalayan highlands terraces


are frequently washed out by
concentrated flows of run-off water.

79

Earthizenz
Eco Friendly
Systems stone risers and fields
Vetiver
System:
Guarding

The vetiver root system


stabilizes the entire rock face of
the vulnerable masonry risers.
without interfering with the essential drainage
between the stones.

Water recharge into the hill.


More effective and enduring.
Lasts the whole year
80

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

Vetiver hedges can stabilize multi-gullied wasteland areas


The use of vetiver grass in wasteland
development has proven effective as the
initial stabilizing plant.
When planted as contour hedges across
wasteland areas - the first stage in
stabilization it reaps the benefits of
surplus runoff and harvests organic matter
as it filters the runoff water through its
The
improved micro-environment of
hedges.
improved soil moisture allows for the
natural generation of native species
between the vetiver hedgerows.
The use of vetiver grass is in most
instances an excellent alternative to an
engineered structure as a measure to
control complex multi-gullied land areas.
The addition of a masonry plug at the end
of the system allows silt to build up and
gives the grass a basis of establishment.
This will ultimately
be filled with silt
and level out.
81

EarthizenzSystem:
Eco Friendly Systems
Vetiver
Protecting Infrastructure

82

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

Silt coming in from point


B

Erosion under the


Aqueduct
Vetiver Hedgerows solve
both the problems

83

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

Carbon Sequestriation

1 Megagram= 1
tonne

None of the specis


are anywhere near

84

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

Carbon Sequestration

1 Megagram= 1
tonne

This is an expected value from


an AR Project (Hooda & Rawat,
2004)

This is the value


after one year,
does not include
the massive
stock that is for
ever embedded
Source: . A Strategy for Sustainable Carbon Sequestration
in theusing
soilVetiver

(Vetiveria zizanioides (L.)): A Quantitative Assessment over India


A Project Document under the CSIR Network Project, Integrated Analysis for Impact,
Mitigation and Sustainability (IAIMS), July 2011
85

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

Carbon Sequestration

As a broad estimate, utilization of about 10 m ha of degraded


soil in India could potentially sequester up to 46% of total
carbon emission by India (in 2009). While the sequestration in
practice is naturally likely to be much less, it is still expected to
be significant.
86

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

Nutritonal Value of Vetiver as Fodder

87

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

A 2007 Google Earth image of farmland in Fiji that John Greenfield


planted with vetiver hedgerows in the 1950s. The hedgerows are still
there (red arrows) after 57 years.
88

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

Applications of VS in the Kandi


Area
to prove the claims,
through Practical Intervention

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

Vetiver application for


Revegitation & Reforestation
at Anandpur Sahib, Punjab
(Hillock Slopes)
Before
&
After

90

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

BEFORE
Thi
s
soi hill h
l sa
a
ver s
on

This Swale
receives silt

it

Road Batter

Freshly planted
vetiver hedgerow

91

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

AFTER

The hill with the


soil saver

cted
e
t
o
r
p
is
le
The swa
ceive
e
r
t
o
n
s
e
o
and d
the hill.
m
o
r
f
t
il
s
y
an

Road Batter

92

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

BEFORE

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Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

AFTER

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Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

BEFORE
Notice the bare
hill.
Various methods
have been tried for
several years

95

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems


Local Species have
already started
coming.

AFTER
96

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

BEFORE

97

Earthizenz
Eco Friendly
Local Species
have Systems
already started
coming. Soon they
will take over and the
HERO would perish

AFTER

98

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

Vetiver application for


Prevention of Soil Erosion & its
Migration
Before
&
After
99

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

BEFORE

SOIL ERODED FROM


THE CLIFFS SPREADS
ON THE ROADS

100

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

ZERO SOIL
MIGRATION DESPITE
RECORD RAIN

101

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

Vetiver application for


Steep Filled up Slope Stabilisation
(Road Batter)
Before
&
After

102

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

BEFORE

103

Earthizenz Eco AFTER


Friendly Systems

Vetiver has stabilized


the entire slope
AFTER

104

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems


AFTER

Vetiver has

retained
moisture within
the slope enabling
other vegetation to
grow.

105

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

Vetiver application for


Silt Control in water body
(Planting in the Catchment Area and
handling gullies and rain cuts)

Silt Before
and
Silt After

106

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems


Location V
Rain Cuts & Gullies

This is a hillock of Debris

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Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

Water Body

Location V
(Behind Drop off)

Gully/ Rain Cut

Area Z

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Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

Average 5 rows running across reshaped


slopes.

ous
r
o
p
l
as
a
d
o
i
o
w
pez e or t
a
r
T
n
l o need
l
a
w
ite
s
r
pe

Total rows per raincut ( average) =5+5=10


Total length of rows/raincut = 10X25=250m
Total length/ raincut
in addition to the
rows running across
hill= 250+50=
300mtrs

Vetiver rows running


across hill, already
accounted for

Assume 5 additional rows at the bottom of


the cannel, total lenfth=5X10=50m/ raincut
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Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

Courtesy: Dr. Paul


Truong

he
t
t
a
th cal nly
te rti s o g
o
N ve l i b a
va n d
r
a
.
te
in ne s hick
t
o

110

Earthizenz Eco Friendly


Systems
SILT IN
OCT

2009

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Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

Polythene liner is
Visible

SILT IN 2010

Catchment Area
Protected with
Vetiver
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Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

Polythene liner is
Visible

SILT In 2010

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Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

Our Intervention: Clumps of Vetver strategically


114
Planted in the rain to Prevent Silt Carried by the

Earthizenz Eco Friendly Systems

The Silt was reduced by 99% at the end


of the
115
same monsoon as planting