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PIPING INSPECTION

DEVELOPMENT SEMINAR

CONTENTS

OBJECTIVES

FIT-UP INSPECTION GUIDELINES

COMMON DEFICIENCIES

INSTALLATION AWARENESS

OBJECTIVES

TO STRENGHTEN THE FRONT LINE INSPECTION


INDIVIDUALS WHO
MUST CHECK/VERIFY TO SEE IF ALL OF THE REQUIREMENTS
BASED ON
PROJECT SPECIFICATIONS HAVE BEEN COMPLETED PROPERLY.

TO PROVIDE BOTH EXPERIENCED AND NOVICE QUALITY


CONTROL
ENGINEERS / INSPECTORS A BASIC BACKGROUND IN THE
TO
AVOID COMMON DEFICIENCIES DURING INTALLATION
MORE

TO
MINIMZE
WORK DURING LINE CHECKING
CRITICAL
JOB/ REDUCE
ASPECTS.

TO ATTAIN HYDROTEST SCHEDULE

DOCUMENTS THAT NEEDS TO BE REVIEWED PRIOR TO


INSPECTION

PROJECT CONTRACT / SCOPE OF WORK

PROJECT SPECIFICATION

METHOD STATEMENTS / INSPECTION AND TEST PLAN

CODES AND STANDARDS

TOLERANCES

DRAWINGS

FIT-UP INSPECTION
GROOVE ANGLE

35 2.5

BASE METAL

GROOVE FACE / BEVEL


ANGLE
BASE METAL

ROOT FACE /
LANDING 0.8 mm
= 1.6

mm
ROOT GAP
= 3.2
0.8 mm
mm

PIPE INSTALLATION AND FIT-UP INSPECTION


INSTALLATION SHALL START FROM
EQUIPMENT TO PIPERACK

CHECK PIPE SPOOL / RANDOM PIPES INTERNAL


CLEANLINESS AND CHECK FOR RECORDS.
CHECK CONTAMINATION OF GALVANIZED
ITEMS TO
STAINLESS STEEL MATERIALS

st a in l ess
c o n t a min a t io n

ss
ss
ss
ss
ss
ss

material
material
material
material
material
material

MASKING TAPES ON WELD JOINTS SHALL BE


REMOVED
PRIOR ERECTION OFSPOOLS

Remove masking tapes

FLANGE SERRATION SHALL BE PROTECTED FROM


DAMAGES
BY INSTALLATION OF SUITABLE MATERIALS SUCH
AS WOOD
OR STEEL PLATES

FLANGE
PROTECTION
PLYWOOD
STEEL PLATE

PLYWOOD
STEEL PLATE

PROTECT SPOOL / RANDOM PIPE COATING/PAINT


BY THE
USAGE OF SUITABLE SOFTENERS OR ROLLERS

SOFTENERS OR
ROLLERS

LONGITUDINAL SEAM SHALL BE


STAGGERED
LONGITUDINAL
SEAM

LONGITUDINAL
SEAM

FLANGE ALIGNMENT
AVOID !!!
3mm

3mm

3mm TOLERANCE

3mm TOLERANCE

RESULT REJECTED
6mm

PRIOR CLOSURE OF FLANGES, SPECIFIC


CHECKS SHALL
BE CONSIDERED

QC CHECK ON GASKET

QC CHECK ON SERRATION
QC CHECK ON TORQUING

SOCKET JOINT FIT-UP SHALL BE


CHECKED/VERIFIED

FIT UP OF SOCKET WELD


2 mm

2 mm

RIGHT

WRONG

DOG LEG ON FIT-UP JOINTS SHALL BE


AVOIDED

DOG LEG

MIS-ALIGNED

USE OF LEVEL

PLUMBNESS AND LEVELNESS OF SPOOLS

PLUMBNESS

SPOOL NUMBERING

SPOOL NUMBERS MAY BE THE


SAME WITH OTHER UNITS BUT
LOCATION SHOULD BE TAKEN INTO
CONSIDERATION
SAMPLE LOCATION AREA
1100
SAMPLE LOCATION AREA
1900

WEEP HOLE / TEL-TAIL HOLE ON REINFORCING


PAD
SHALL BE DRILLED AND THREADED FIRST PRIOR
INSTALLATION

REINFORCING
PAD

WEEP
HOLE / TELTAIL HOLE

PAD
PLATE

TEL-TAIL
HOLE

INSPECTION GUIDELINES AND


REQUIREMENTS
THE QC ENGINEER / INSPECTOR WHO WILL ATTEND TO AN
INSPECTION SHOULD HAVE A HI-LO GAUGE AND GAP
GAUGE TO
CHECK ATHAT
FIT-UP
JOINT
ASSURE
THE
FIT-UP CLEARANCE IS W/IN THE
TOLERANCE,
STRAIGHT,
LEVEL AND
PLUMBNESS.
MAKE
SUREWITHIN
THAT FLANGES
WERE
INSPECTED AGAINST
DAMAGE AND

CHECK
GASKET
INTALLED
IS OF
CORRECT RATING
/ VERIFY
SLOPE
REQUIREMENT
BASED ON
CHECK/VERIFY SPOOL MAKING IS CORRECT AGAINST
DRAWING
THE
ISOMETRICOF
DRAWING
LOCATION
BRANCH CONNECTION AND ORIENTATION
SHALL
BE CHECKED

CHECK / VERIFY WEEP HOLE/TEL-TAIL HOLE OF


REINFORCEMENT
PAD PRIOR FIT-UP

CHECK / VERIFY VENT ON THE HIGHEST LOCATION


AND DRAIN
ON THE LOWEST PORTION

CHECK / VERIFY LOCATION AND CORRECT


ORIENTATION OF
SPACERS, BLINDS AND SPECTACLE BLINDS

CHECK / VERIFY CORRECT ORIENTATION AND


LOCATION OF
REDUCERS (FLAT ON BOTTOM OR FLAT ON TOP)

CHECK / VERIFY CORRECT SPACING OF SPOOLS AND


PIPES AS
INSTALLED CONSIDERING INSULATION THICKNESS

CHECK / VERIFY COMPLETENESS OF NDT ON EACH LINE


CHECK / VERIFY REWELDED (OR CUT)/RECAPPED JOINTS
IF REPORTED
AND APPLY NDT IF REQUIRED

CHECK / VERIFY PREHEATING AND POST WELD HEAT


TREATMENT
REQUIREMENT ON HEAVY WALL, CAUSTIC AND NACE
LINES

CHECK / VERIFY FLANGE INSPECTION RECORDS PRIOR


CLOSURE OF
FLANGE JOINTS

CHECK / VERIFY APPLICATION OD ANTI-SEIZE ON STUD


BOLTS

CHECK / VERIFY CORRECT TYPE, RATING AND FLOW

CHECK / VERIFY VALVE ITEM CODE IS CORRECT


CHECK / VERIFY VALVE HANDLE, VENT AND DRAIN
ORIENTATION
AND INSTALLATION IS CORRECT

CHECK / VERIFY IF TRIMS INSTALLED ARE CORRECT


IN ORDER NOT TO DAMAGE PACKING OF WELDED
VALVES, WELD
SEQUENCING SHOULD BE OBSERVED

CORRECT NUMBER OF SHIM PLACEMENT ON


SUPPORTS

Weld all around

shim
shim
shim
1

Weld all around

Limited to
3 shims only

SCALLOP ON SUPPORTS

WELD ALL
AROUND

SCALLOP

PIPE SHOE

TWO(2) TYPES OF INSTALLING U-BOLTS

NUT

NUT

NUT
LOOSE FIT

TIGHT FIT

CORRECT ORIENTATION OF WEEP HOLES

WEEP HOLE

CORRECT ORIENTATION OF WEEP HOLES

WEEP HOLES

WEEP HOLES

GASKET INSTALLATION

PERMANENT
GASKET

CORRECT COLOR
CODE
CORRECT RATING
CORRECT SIZE

VALVE INSTALLATION

VALVE DIRECTION
CHECK ARROW

IF ARROW IS NOT VISIBLE, CHECK HP SIDE AND LP


OF THE VALVE AND MARK THE FLOW DIRECTION ON
VALVE BODY

C.L.

DIMENSIONAL TOLERANCES FOR FABRICATED


PIPEWORK
A
C.L.

C.L.

mm. MAX. FROM INDICATED


- 3DIMENSIONS
FOR FACE TO FACE,
CENTER TO FACE, LOCATION OF
ATTACHMENT

C.L. OF
FLANGE OR
BRANCH
B - 8% MAXIMUM (FOR INT. PRESS.)
3% MAXIMUM (FOR EXT. PRESS.)

C.L.

FLATTENING MEASURED AS
DIFFERENT
3 mm. MAX. LATERAL TRANSLATION

C -

C.L.
A

A A

OF BRANCHES OR CONNECTIONS

D - 1.5 mm. MAX. ROTATION OF FLANGES


FROM THE INDICATED POSITION,
MEASURED AS SHOWN

E 0.75 mm. MAX. OUT OF ALIGNMENT OF FLANGES FROM


THE INDICATED
POSITION MEASURED ACROSS ANY DIAMETER

F 1:1000 TOLERANCE ON ANY FLANGED STRAIGHT OR ANY


ONE LENGTH
OF PIPE

BOLT HOLES OF FLANGES SHALL STRADDLE THE CENTER LINE

EVERYBODYS JOB IS A SELFPORTRAIT OF A PERSON


WHO DID IT. AUTOGRAPH
YOUR WORK WITH

Excellence.

END
OF
PRESENTATION