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Passive Voice

By Group 5 :
Aprilentina
Eva Syarifah
Iqbal Maulana Karim
Kiki Rezeki
M. Al Asy Ari Asqalan
Rahmah
Sarah Fauzia
Sri Subandini Ramadanti

(1815115327)
(1815115362)
(1815115329)
(1815115346)
(1815115334)
(1815115331)
(1815115354)
(1815115359)

Class C Non Regular 2011


Advanced English for Elementary School

The Meaning of Passive


Voice
Kalimat aktif (active voice) adalah
kalimat dimana subject-nya
melakukan pekerjaan.
Kalimat pasif (passive voice) adalah
kalimat dimana subject-nya dikenai
pekerjaan oleh object kalimat.

Format To Be

Present: is, am, are


Past: was, were
Perfect: been
Future: be
Continuous: being

Formula Tanses
Aktif
: S + Verb (Kata
Kerja) + Objek + dll
Pasif
: Objek +to be +
Verb 3(Kata Kerja
Bentuk III) ( + by
subjek) + dll

A. Simple Present
1. Simple Present Tense
S + IS/AM/ARE + V 3

Example:
Active

Passive

(+) She drinks tea every


morning.

(+) The tea is drunk by her every


morning.

(-) She doesnt drink tea every


morning.

(-) The tea isnt drunk by her every


morning.

(?) Does she drink tea every


morning?

(?) Is the tea drunk by her every


morning?

2. Present Continuous Tense


S + AM/IS/ARE + BEING +
V3

Example:
Active

Passive

(+) She is drinking tea now.

(+) The tea is being drunk by her


now.

(-) She is not drinking tea now.

(-) The tea is not being drunk by


her now.

(?) Is she drinking tea now?

(?) Is the tea being drunk by her


now?

3. Present Perfect Tense


S + HAVE/HAS + BEEN + V 3

Example:
Active

Passive

(+) She has drunk tea for 5


minutes.

(+) The tea has been drunk by


her for 5
minutes.

(-) She has not drunk tea for 5


minutes.

(-) The tea has not been drunk


by her for
5 minutes.

(?) Has she drunk tea for 5


minutes?

(?) Has the tea been drunk by


her for 5
minutes?

B. Simple Past
1. Simple Past Tense

S + WAS/WERE + V
3

Example:
Active

Passive

(+) I sang a song last night.

(+) The song was sung by me


last night.

(-) I did not sing a song last


night.

(-) The song was not sung by me


last
night.

(?) Did i sing a song last night?

(?) Was the song sung by me


last night?

2. Past Continuous Tense


S + WAS/WERE + BEING
+V3

Example:
Active

Passive

(+) I was singing a song.

(+) The song was being sung by


me.

(-) I was not singing a song.

(-) The song was not being sung


by me.

(?) Was I singing a song?

(?) Was the song being sung by


me?

3. Past Perfect Tense


S + HAD + BEEN + V 3

Example:
Active

Passive

(+) I had sung a song for 5


minutes when
they came.

(+) The song had been sung by


me for 5
minutes when they came.

(-) I had not sung a song for 5


minutes
when they came.

(-) The song had not been sung


by me
for 5 minutes when they
came.

(?) Had I sung a song for 5


minutes when

(?) Had the song been sung by


me for 5

C. Simple Future
1. Simple Future Tense
Example:

S + WILL + BE + V
3

Active

Passive

(+) They will teach the students


next
year.

(+) The students will be taught


by them
next year.

(-) They will not teach the


students next
year.

(-) The students will not be


taught by
them next year.

(?) Will they teach the students


next
year?

(?) Will the students be taught


by them
next year?

2. Future Continuous Tense


S + WILL + BE + BEING +
V3

Example:
Active

Passive

(+) They will be teaching the


students.

(+) The students will be being


taught by
them.

(-) They will not be teaching the


students.

(-) The students will not be being


taught
by them.

(?) Will they be teaching the


students?

(?) Will the students be being


taught by
them?

3. Future Perfect Tense


S + WILL + HAVE + BEEN + V 3

Example:
Active

Passive

(+) They will have taught the


students
before I get there tomorrow.

(+) The students will have been


taught by
them before I get there
tomorrow.

(-) They will not have taught the


students
before I get there tomorrow.

(-) The students will not have


been taught
by them before I get there
tomorrow.

(?) Will they have taught the

(?) Will the students have been

Thanks for Your Attention


Wassalamualaikum Wr. Wb

Change a sentences from active to


passive:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

Lusy has eaten the dinner.


Alex posted the photos on Facebook
Wina will be playing the doll
Rachel is writing the book
Daffa closed the window