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GROUP 5

Electrical Wiring

LECTURERS NAME :
ENCIK ABU BAKAR HAFIS BIN KAHAR

GROUP MEMBERS :
NO

NAME

MATRIX

MUHAMMAD FIKHRI BIN

NUMBER
08DEP16F1063

AMILUDDIN
NURHIDAYAH BINTI

08DEP16F1066

HAMDAN
RITZ SYAKIR ZUFAIRY BIN

08DEP16F1103

KAMAL BAHARIN

QUESTION 5
An accident has occurred
at your work place.
Identify the victims who
need a CPR. Explain a
proper safe procedure
and methods in
conducting CPR.

INTRODUCTION OF CARDIOPULMONARY
RESUSCITATION (CPR)

The leading cause of death in the US according to the


Center for Disease Control (CDC.gov) is Cardiovascular
disease. Its important to remember that
Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) can be applied in
many ways.
If a person has drowned , had a heart attack, had a
stroke, went into cardiac arrest or is choking-proper
training could mean the difference between life or death
of a patient.
If the patient isnt breathing, is unconscious or has no
pulse CPR should be applied immediately. The proper
CPR begins with chest compressions.
Its important to notes that death is most likely to occur
after 10 minutes of loss of oxygen to the brain. From 6 to
10 minutes brain damage is expected. From 4 to 6
minutes brain damage is very possible and from 0 to 4
minutes brain damage is virtually non-existent.

HISTORY OF
CARDIOPULMONARY
RESUSCITATION (CPR)
In March 2008 the American Heart Association published
an advisory statement outlining "hands-only" or
"compression-only" CPR.
This statement is a clarification addendum to the 2005
AHA Guidelines for CPR and ECC which dictates that lay
persons who are unable and unwilling to provide rescue
breaths
may perform hand-only
This updated
recommendation
does not CPR.
apply to first
responders and medical personnel with access to CPR
barrier or a mechanical respirator; unwitnessed cardiac
arrest, cardiac arrest in children and infants or cardiac
arrest presumed to be of non-cardiac origin (drowning,
trauma, airways obstruction, acute respiratory diseases,
drug that
overdose,
etc.
AHA study concedes
when performed
correctly,
conventional CPR continues to prove a more effective
rescue method for victims of cardiac arrest and as such
we will continue to educate our students in ventilation
as well as compressions.

PARTS OF CPR - [C-A-B]


COMPRESSIONS

AIRWAY

BREATHING

Chest
compressions can
sometimes restore
circulation.
Two rescue breaths
should be provided
and followed
immediately by
cycles of 30 chest
compressions and
2 rescue breaths.
It is not necessary
to check for signs
of circulation to
perform this
technique.
This procedure
involves pushing
on the chest to
help circulate

Rescue breathing
is begun when a
child isnt
breathing.
Someone
performing rescue
breathing
essentially
breathes for the
victim by forcing
air into the lungs.
This procedure
includes breathing
into the victims
mouth at correct
intervals and
checking for signs
life.

The victims
airway must be
open for breathing
to be restored.
The airway may be
blocked when a
child loses
consciousness or
may be obstructed
by food or some
other foreign
object.
In a CPR course,
participants learn
how to open the
airway and
position the child
so the airway is
ready to rescue
breathing.

STEPS OF CARDIOPULMONARY
RESUSCITATION (CPR)
1- BEFORE GIVING CPR

1
2
3
4

Check the scene and the person. Make sure the


scene is safe, then tap the person on the shoulder
and shout Are you OK? to ensure that the
need helps.
person
Call 911 for assistance. If its evident that the
person need help, call (or ask a bystander to call
911), then send someone to get an AED. (If an
AED is unavailable, or a there is no bystander to
access it, stay with the victim, call 911 and begin
administering assistance)
Open the airway. With the person lying on his or
her back, tilt the head back slightly to lift the
chin.
Check for breathing. Listen carefully, for no more
than 10 seconds, for sounds of breathing.
(Occasional gasping sounds do not equate to
breathing). If there is no breathing, begin CPR.

2- RED CROSS CPR STEPS

Push hard, push fast. Place your hands, one on


top of the other, in the middle of the chest. Use
your body weight to help you administer
compressions that are atleast 2 inches deep and
delivered at a rate of atleast 100 compressions
Deliver
rescue breaths. With the persons head
per minute.
tilted back slightly and the chin lifted, pinch the
nose shut and place your mouth over the
persons mouth to make a complete seal. Blow
into the persons mouth to make the chest rise.
Deliver two rescue breaths, then continue
Continue
CPR steps. Keep performing cycles of
compressions.
chest compressions and breathing until the
person exhibits signs of life, such as breathing,
an AED becomes available, or EMS or a trained
medical responder arrives on scene.
End the cycles if the scene becomes unsafe or
you cannot continue performing CPR due to
exhaustion.

CARDIOPULMONARY RESUSCITATION
(CPR) IN THREE SIMPLE STEPS
1- CALL
Check the victim for unresponsiveness. If the person is
not responsive and not breathing normally, call 911 and
return to the victim. If possible bring the phone next to
the person and place on speaker mode. In most
locations the emergency dispatcher can assist you with
CPR instructions.
2- PUMP
If the victim is still not breathing normally, coughing or
moving, begin chest compressions. Push down in the
center of the chest 2-2.4 inches 30 times. Pump hard
and fast at the rate of 100-120/minute, faster than once
per second.
3- BLOW
Tilt the head back and lift the chin. Pinch nose and
cover the mouth with yours and blow until you see the
chest rise. Give 2 breaths. Each breath should take 1
second.

TYPES OF SITUATIONS MIGHT


CAUSE A VICTIMS TO NEED CPR

Heart
attack
Drug
Electrocuti
overdos
on
e

Acciden
ts

Stroke

Diabete
s

TYPES OF SITUATIONS MIGHT


CAUSE A VICTIMS TO NEED CPR

Choking

Poisonin
Epilespy
g

Smoke
inhalati
on
Suffocati
on

Drownin
g

CONCLUSION
Always call 911, if we forget our skills
they will talk to us through it. Actually,
call them whether we are remember or
not.
CPR is a life saving skill. So, we should
know the skill. Keep ourself certified
and stay up to date and keep our skills
sharp.
In any emergency we should not to be
panic, if we cannot remember our
skills, just call 911 to get helps.