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Group 4

CATABOLISM

Concept map

GLICOLISIS

AEROBIC

KREBS CYLCE
TRANSPOR
ELECTRON

CATABOLISM

ANAEROBI
C

ALCOHOL
FERMENTATIO
N
LACTIC ACID
FERMENTATIO
N

Process of decomposing a
complex molecule into the simple

Catabolism

ones with the assistance of


enzyme

Because this process is the

solution of organic compounds,


also called dissimilation.
Because the energy is produced

so that catabolism could also be

Aerobic Respiration
An aerobic respiration is the one that uses

free oxygen to decompose compound.


The equation of an aerobic respiration is

simply written as follow :


CHO + O 6CO + 6HO + 675cal +
38 ATP

Aerobic Respiration
Aerobic respiration
divided into :
Glycolysis
Krebs Cycle
Electron Transport

Glycolysis and Krebs Cycle


By Muhammad Nur
Fadhil

Glikolisis
The Reaction wich Changes
the Glucose Molecule into
Pyruvit Acid and Produced
ATP and NADH

AT
PD
A
P
AT
A
PD
P

Glukos
a
Glukosa 6
Fosfat
Fruktosa - 6 Fosfat
Fruktosa 1,6 Difosfat

Dihidtroksiaseto
n Fosfat

2NAD
2NADH
+ +
2H
2
ADP
2
ATP

Heksokinase
Fosfoglukoisomer
ase
Fosfofruktoki
nase
Aldolase

Gleseraldehid
Fosfat
1,3 Difosfo
Gliserat
3 Fosfogliserat
2 Fosfogliserat

2H2
O
2
ADP
2
ATP

Fosfoenolpiruva
t
Asam Piruvat

Triosafosfat
Dehidrogin
ase
fosfoglis
erokinas
e
Fosfoglis
eomutase
Enolase
Piruvatki
nase

Defenition
Dekarboksilasi Oksidatif is Changes
piruvat Acid Into 2 asetil KoA with
produced CO2 and 2NADH2 with
Reaction :
2NAD 2NADH2
2(C3H4O3) 2 (C3H3O) KoA +
2CO2
PIRUVAT ASETIL KoA

Dikarboksil
Oksidatif

Kreb
Cycle

The Produced of Kreb Cycle


INPUT

OUTPUT

2 ACETYL GROUP

4 CO2

2 ADP + 2P

2 ATP

6 NAD+

6 NADH

2 FAD

2 FADH2

Electron Transport and


alcohol fermentation
By Tuty Muliati

Electron Transport
Electron transport is electron
and hydrogen ion (H+) removal.
The electron is carried by NADH
and FADH2 from one substrate
to other substrat .

Oxidative Phosphorylisation

Oxidative
Phosphorylstion is
process in which
inorganic phosphate
group is added to ADP
molecule.

Function of NADH and FADH2


NADH and FADH2 also function
as the reducer compounds that
produce hydrogen ion. NADH
molecule entering electron
transport chain will produce 3
ATP molecules and each of
FADH2 molecule will produce 2
ATP molecules.

Anaerobic Respiration

An anaerobic respiration

is a breakdown reaction
of carbohydrate to gain
energy without using
free oxygen as a
hydrogen acceptor.

Anaerobic respiration
Anaerobic respiration
divided into :
Alcohol Fermentation
Lactic Acid

Fermentation

Alcohol Fermentation
Alcohol fermentation is
anaerobic respiration
doesnt require free
oxygen and usually
uses yeast cells ( single
cell fungi).

Lactic Acid Fermentation


By Rani Mulia

Lactic Acid Fermentation

Lactic acid fermentation process also

begins with glycolysis

Lactic acid fermentation is generally

carried out by microorganisms

The bacteria that make lactic acid

fermentation are classified into the


Lactobacillacea

Glycolysis

CHO
ATP

2 ADP
input energi

output energi
2 ATP net

2 NAD
NADH

2
ATP
4

2asam piruvat

elektron, hidrogen dari


Pembentukan asam laktat
2 asam laktat

NADH

Lactic Acid Fermentation


Lactic

acid

fermentation

technology is widely used in


dairy industry
Lactic acid fermentation can

also occur in human muscle


cells

The equation of phyruvate acid into


lactic acid

dehidrogenase

Phyruvate acid + NADH

lactic acid + NADH + energy

Catabolism is a process of

Conclusion

decomposing a complex molecule


into the simple ones with the
assistance of enzyme
Catabolism divided into aerobic

and anaerobic respiration


Aerobic respiration is the process

of decomposition of compounds of

electron transport
An anaerobic respiration is a

breakdown reaction of carbohydrate


to gain energy without using free
oxygen as a hydrogen acceptor.
Anaerobic respiration consists of

alcohol fermentation and lactic acid


fermentation
In the process of an aerobic

respiration, the energy produced is

Thanks for the attention


Group 4
Muhammad Nurfadil Munir
Tuty Muliati
Rani Mulia