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DECIMAL OPERATIONS:

ADDING, SUBTRACTING, MULTIPLYING,


& DIVIDING DECIMALS
Unit 1: MGSE6.NS.3

PRETEST FOR UNIT 1


1. For those that score 80% or better on standard MGSE6.NS.3 , you
have a choice:
A. Daves Diner task
B. Participate in direct instruction
***Be prepared to take the Spend It! Decimals Challenge and Skills Check***

2. For those that score below 80% on standard MGSE6.NS.3, you will
participate in direct instruction.

OPENING ~ DIVIDING DECIMALS


Sienna wants to save up $65 to buy a season ticket to White Water. At her
familys garage sale, she has decided to sell cupcakes for $1.25 apiece. How
many cupcakes will she have to sell in order to make $65?

1.25 65
Before working through this problem, consider the answer choices below.
Which is the only reasonable answer? How do you know?
a. 0.52 cupcakes
b. 5.2 cupcakes
c. 52 cupcakes
d. 520 cupcakes

OPENING ~ DIVIDING DECIMALS, CONTD


Using the algorithm to divide decimals:
1) First, make the divisor a whole number.
(To do this, you multiply by a power of 10.)
2) Then, multiply the dividend by the same
power of 10. (Move the decimal the same
number of places as you did in the divisor.)
3) Bring the decimal up to the quotient.
4) Divide. Add zeros after the decimal in the
dividend as needed.

52
1.25 65 125 6500
625
Fill in two zeros.
250

250
0

DECIMAL DIVISION

Math Antics Decimal Operations


(skip to 7:53 for division)

TRY THESE!
Determine the quotients. Show ALL work!
1) 21.6 0.09 240
2) 9.72 1.2

8.1

3) 4 8

0.5

4) 10.05 0.3 33.5


5) 94.91 2.5 37.964
) Remember to check whether your quotients are REASONABLE!
) Hint: Be careful to set each problem up correctly (especially #3)!

ADDING & SUBTRACTING DECIMALS

Math Antics Decimal Operations


(adding and subtracting end at 3:45)

Lini
n
dec g up y
ima
ou r
l
s
yo u
a
to a llows
d
sub
trac d or
t th
prop
e
er p
valu lace
es!

Bring decimal point down to


your answer.

TRY THESE!
Determine the sums and differences. Show ALL work!
1) 41.05 + 9.853 50.903
2) 9.2 1.15

8.05

3) 2.3 + 8 + 9.6419.94
4) 10 7.5
5) 3.08 + 6.92

2.5
10

) Remember to check whether your solutions are REASONABLE!

INTRO TO MULTIPLYING DECIMALS


Before solving for the product in this problem, consider the answer choices
given.

4.15
x 0.9

Which is the only reasonable answer? How do you know?


a. 0.3735
b. 3.735
c. 37.35
d. 373.5

MULTIPLYING DECIMALS

Math Antics Decimal Operations


(multiplying begins at 3:45)

Study Jams: Multiplying Decimals

MULTIPLYING DECIMALS
Algorithm:
1) Line up numbers to
the
right (you do NOT
have
have to line up the
decimals).
2) Multiply (ignore the
decimals).
3) Count the number of
places behind the
decimals in your
problem. Put the
same number of

0.3 0.4 = 0.12


Model / Example:

Using Algorithm:

0.3
x 0.4
0.12
Notice: The problem has two
decimal places, so the
product also has two
decimal places.

TRY THESE!
Determine the quotients. Show ALL work!
1) 28.4 5

142

2) 0.84 3.1

2.604

3) 0.91 0.21 0.1911


4) 7.8 1.2
9.36
5) 612.8 0.15
91.92
) Remember to check whether your products are REASONABLE!

SPEND IT!
DECIMALS CHALLENGE

rections: Your local grocery store is offering free groceries for the winner of this challenge!

must order at least 4 different items (you may order as many of each one as you like). The
o spends the closest to $20 without going over wins free groceries for a month! All prices sh
ude tax. Good luck, and happy shopping!
Grocery Item

Price per unit

Quantity

Bread

$1.22

Apples

$0.85

Corn

$1.15

Cheese

$2.00

Coffee

$1.78

Milk

$3.30

Eggs

$0.51

Bananas

$0.70

Ketchup

$0.84

Cookies

$1.65

Cereal

$2.12

Detergent

$1.75

Hot Dogs

$2.15

Mushrooms

$1.99

Tissue

$1.05

Watermelon

$3.50

Total:

Price

OL/Adv

rections: Your local grocery store is offering free groceries for the winner of this challenge!

must order at least 4 different items (you may order as many of each one as you like). The
o spends the closest to $20 without going over wins free groceries for a month! All prices sh
ude tax. Good luck, and happy shopping!

Mod

HOMEWORK
Decimals Practice sheet
Show all work!

ADDITIONAL RESOURCES TO USE AS YOU WISH


Adding & Subtracting

Multiplying

Scavenger Hunt (3 tiers)

Problems for Gallery Walk,


Dividing Decimals Board Game
Whiteboards, or Risky Business
Problems for Gallery Walk,
Whiteboards, or Risky Business

Tic-Tac-Toe

All Ops
Fun Park Party
Bargain Shopper

Dividing

SKILLS CHECK
Using the I-Respond and the mini quiz, solve all problems. Turn
your work into the tray, and carefully enter your answers into IRespond.