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Modelling Building

Frame with
STAAD.Pro &
ETABS
Presented by

Rahul Leslie
Assistant Director,
Buildings Design,
DRIQ, Kerala PWD
Trivandrum, India

STAAD.Pro & ETABS

The example building:

Ground Floor
Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

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Presented by Rahul Leslie

The example building:

Storey ht. = 3.6m

First Floor
Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

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4
Presented by Rahul Leslie

The example building:

Storey ht. = 3.6m

Second Floor
Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

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5
Presented by Rahul Leslie

The example building:

Storey ht. = 3.6m

Terrace
Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

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Presented by Rahul Leslie

Initial member size fixing


Beams:
Width:
According to architectural requirements: 20, 23 or 25 cm.
Preferably keep width not less than one-third depth.

Depth:
Fix an initial size between (span/12) and (span/15).
Choose sizes such as 35, 40, 45, 50, 60, 70, 75, 80 cm or more
This may have to be increased depending on Ast required (from
analysis) at a later stage.

Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

Presented by Rahul Leslie

Initial member size fixing (cont)


Column:
Width:
What architectural requirements permit: 20, 23, 25 or 30 cm.
Preferably keep width of column grater than that of beams to facilitate
passing of beam reinforcements.
Increase width, wherever possible, to be preferably not less than half
depth.

Depth:
This is usually done from experience. For beginners, the following may be
taken as a starting point:
Fix an arbitrary (and reasonably small) size for columns.
From the axial force, find area required for each column based on short column
design formula, for 2% reinforcement.
Increase this area requirement by 25% for all internal columns and by 50% for
all periphery columns. For the decided width, find depth for the area required.
Based on above, choose depth such as 35, 40, 45, 50, 60, 70, 75, 80 cm or
more.

The dimension may be suitably re-sized later based on the Asc required
from analysis.
Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

Presented by Rahul Leslie

Initial member size fixing (cont)


Slabs:
Depth:

Calculated as minimum of [shorter span]/32


but same depths in adjacent slabs can be convenient
Depths of 10, 11 and 12 cms are most common.
In case the depth required is more than 12 or 13 cm, one may spit the slab
using sub-beams, to bring the slab thickness to 12cm or within.

Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

Presented by Rahul Leslie

1st Floor plan Centre-to-centre distances (m):

A
1

Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

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10
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Presented by Rahul Leslie

1st Floor Key plan Beam Size:


D

A
1

Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

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11
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Presented by Rahul Leslie

1st Floor Key plan Column Size:


D

A
1

Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

5
12
12
Presented by Rahul Leslie

1st Floor Key plan Slab thickness:


D

A
1

Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

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Modeling Framed Structure


Frame:
Beams & columns are modeled using frame elements
Each beam and each column is represented by single
frame element (no subdividing by meshing is done)
Beams and columns are of homogeneous isotropic
elastic material with properties (E, ) that of concrete
properties of reinforcement are not considered

Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

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Presented by Rahul Leslie

Modeling Framed Structure


Frame:
Beam elements are oriented along the centre
line, and columns are modeled using frame
elements

Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

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Presented by Rahul Leslie

Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

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Modeling Framed Structure


Frame:
Beam elements are oriented along the centre line, and
columns are modeled using frame elements
Columns are located at the intersection of beams (not
the centre line of the columns)

Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

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Presented by Rahul Leslie

Column positions

Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

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Presented by Rahul Leslie

Centre of columns
as modeled
Actual centre of
columns
Position of column centre lines

Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

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Presented by Rahul Leslie

(Plan view from STAAD, col. Without


offset)
Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

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Presented by Rahul Leslie

Modeling Framed Structure


Frame:
Beam elements are oriented along the centre line, and
columns are modeled using frame elements
Columns are located at the intersection of beams (not
the centre line of the columns)
Columns can later be moved to its actual centre line by
offsetting it.

Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

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Presented by Rahul Leslie

(Plan view from STAAD, col. Without &


With offset)
Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

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Modeling Framed Structure


Stairs:
Window on mid landing level beam
Window on floor level beam

Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

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Window on mid landing level beam

Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

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Presented by Rahul Leslie

Window on floor level beam

Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

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25
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Window on MLL beam

Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

Window on FL beam

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Modeling Framed Structure


Frame:
At the points where sub-beams (or secondary beams) connect to
the main-beams (or primary beams), nodes have to be introduced
in the latter by splitting them (though not in ETABS*).
The bending degree of freedom of the sub-beams are released at
either ends to prevent torsion in the main-beams. (Where sub
beams run continuous over the main beams, only the extreme ends
are released)
* This is because ETABS uses a duel model approach: the one we model is the
physical model. On clicking the Analysis button, ETABS, in background, builds a
an analysis model (ie., its corresponding Finite Element model) which it uses for
analysis. This model will have the primary beams split and nodes introduced to
connect the secondary beams.

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Column positions

Bending moment
released at these
points

Moment releases in sub-beams


Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

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Presented by Rahul Leslie

Modeling Framed Structure


Toilets:

Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

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Presented by Rahul Leslie

Modeling Framed Structure


Toilets:
Toilet slabs are sunk from the floor level (to
accommodate outlet pipes. The portion is then filled
with lean or brick concrete. The depth of sinking is:
30 cm for European styled water closets and
45 cm for Indian styled water closets
20 cm for bath rooms

The beams separating the sunken slab from floor slabs


should bee deep enough to accommodate the floor slab
as well as the sunken slab

Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

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Presented by Rahul Leslie

One floor in
STAAD.Pro & ETABS

STAAD.Pro

ETABS

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33

One floor and columns

STAAD.Pro

ETABS

34

Supports:
For Shallow Footings and Pile Foundations

Footing
Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

Pile
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Presented by Rahul Leslie

Supports:
For Shallow Footings and Pile Foundations

Footing
Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

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Presented by Rahul Leslie

Supports:
For Shallow Footings and Pile Foundations

Pile
Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

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Presented by Rahul Leslie

Supports:
For Shallow Footings and Pile Foundations
For shallow foundation, plinth beams will be at plinth
level above ground (GL), while support point is located
at founding level below GL.
For pile foundation, the support point is located at top
of pile cap, which is at a level 30 cm below GL.
The grade beams will also be at the pile cap level (connecting
support points in the model).
Thus the GF columns will have a ht. = storey ht. + plinth ht. +
depth of pile cap below GL

Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

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Presented by Rahul Leslie

Supports:
For Shallow Footings and Pile Foundations

Footing
Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

Pile
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Presented by Rahul Leslie

Whole structure

STAAD.Pro

ETABS

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Whole structure

STAAD.Pro

ETABS

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Modeling Framed Structure


Slabs:
Floor slabs are not structurally modeled the
load on the slab (its self wt., finishes, live load,
etc.) are applied as 2-way distribution on to its
supporting beams
In STAAD.Pro this is done by the 2-way
distribution Floor Load facility
In ETABS, this is done by defining a floor object
membrane element in place of the slab, with loads
on it. The membrane converts it to 2-way
distribution.
Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

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Presented by Rahul Leslie

Loads applied on frame

STAAD.Pro

ETABS

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Coordinate System
Global system
GY

GX

GZ

Rotational directions (MX, MY


and MZ) are defined as:
When looking through the axis to
the origin, anticlockwise is +ve

Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

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Presented by Rahul Leslie

Coordinate System
Local system for beams
GY
X

Y
X
Z

GZ

GX

Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

Rotational directions (MX, MY


and MZ) are defined as:
When looking through the axis
towards origin, anticlockwise is
+ve.
Rotational directions MY and
MZ are about local Y and Z
45
Presented by Rahul Leslie

Coordinate System
Local system for plates

Direction Y is
perpendicular to X
direction, and directed
from j end to k end.

Z
Y

j
i

Direction X is parallel to
i-j, and directed from i
end to j end.
Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

Direction Z is towards
that side from which the
nodes i, j, k, l in order
appear anti-clockwise

Rotational directions MX and


MY are along local X and Y
46

Presented by Rahul Leslie

Global & Local Coordinate Systems

Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

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Presented by Rahul Leslie

Global & Local Coordinate Systems

Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

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Presented by Rahul Leslie

Coordinate labels in STAAD.Pro & ETABS


As shown in
previous slides

STAAD.Pro

Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

ETABS

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Presented by Rahul Leslie

Loading
STAAD.Pro and ETABS have facilities for: Self-weight (Gravity load of elements)
Nodal loads (eg. Loads of Trusses)
Beam loading for Uni. Distr. loads, Uni. Vary. loads,
Concentrated loads, etc.

Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

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Presented by Rahul Leslie

Beam Loading
Along local X, Y, Z
(-ve Y shown)

Along global GX, GY,G Z


(-ve GY shown)

Along projected PX, PY, PZ


(-ve GY shown)
Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

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Presented by Rahul Leslie

Slab load on Beams


In addition, almost all packages have facility to distribute
floor loads on to the supporting beams directly (without
modeling the slabs as elements)

Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

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Presented by Rahul Leslie

Modeling Framed Structure


Slabs:
RCC Shell roofs (like domes, hyperbolic
parabolas, cylindrical roofs, etc) and pitched
roofs without skeletal beams are modeled using
shell elements
Flat slabs and flat plates are modeled using
plate elements.

Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

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Presented by Rahul Leslie

Modeling Framed Structure


Slabs:
For RCC pitched roofs with skeletal beams:
In STAAD.Pro this is done by a special Floor Load
distribution facility
In ETABS, this is done by modeled using shell
elements.

Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

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Presented by Rahul Leslie

Modeling Framed Structure


Walls:
Masonry walls are not modeled, but its weight
applied as a UDL on its supporting beams.
No deductions are made for window or door
openings, nor additions made for lintels.

Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

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Presented by Rahul Leslie

Wall loads on beams

STAAD.Pro

ETABS

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Modeling Framed Structure


Walls:
Masonry walls are not modeled, but its weight applied as
a UDL on its supporting beams
No deductions are made for window or door openings,
nor additions made for lintels
Shear walls are modeled using plate elements
Surface elements in STAAD
Wall elements in ETABS

Retaining walls cast monolith with the structure may be


modeled using plate elements

Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

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Presented by Rahul Leslie

Modeling Framed Structure


Stairs:
Stairs are usually not modeled, instead their
load applied as a UDL on its supporting beams

Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

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Presented by Rahul Leslie

Stair load applied on model

STAAD.Pro

ETABS

59

Modeling Framed Structure


Foundation:
Pile and Raft foundations are modeled as fixed
support.
Isolated footings are modeled as fixed or
pinned, depending on the SBC & Nature of soil
at founding depth

Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

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Presented by Rahul Leslie

Material Properties
Concrete
fck = 20 N/mm2
E = 5000 (fck) = 22360.68 N/mm2
Poissons ratio = 0.2
Density = 25 kN/m3

Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

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Presented by Rahul Leslie

Loads
Dead Load (IS:875 part 1):
Slabs (10 cm) :
STAAD: 0.1x25+1.25 = 3.75 kN/m2 (SelfWt: 0.1x25=2.5 kN/m2)
ETABS : 1.25 kN/m2

Toilet slabs :
Indian closet: 0.45x20 = 9 kN/m2 , + SelfWt (for STAAD)
Euro. closet: 0.3x20 = 6 kN/m2, + SelfWt (for STAAD)

Roof slabs : 2.0 kN/m2, + SelfWt (for STAAD)


Walls (23 cm brick, with 40 cm beam overhead) :
(3.6 - 0.4)x0.23x20 = 14.72 kN/m
Sun shade projection (60 cm wide, 7.5 cm average
thickness): 0.6x0.075x25 = 1.13 kN/m
Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

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Presented by Rahul Leslie

Loads
Dead Load:
Stairs

Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

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Presented by Rahul Leslie

Loads
Dead Load (IS:875 part 1):
Stairs
Slab wt (concrete) :
Steps (brick work):
Finish:

2
2

0
.
15

0
.
3
0.2
25 5.59kN/m 2

0
.
3

0.15
20 1.5kN/m 2
2

0.3 0.15
0.5 0.75kN/m 2
0 .3

Total = 5.59 + 1.5 + 0.75 = 7.84 kN/m2


Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

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Presented by Rahul Leslie

Loads
Dead Load (IS:875 part 1):
Stairs
Total = 5.59 + 1.5 + 0.75 = 7.84 kN/m2
Load on beams (4.57 m span) = 4.57x7.84/2 = 17.92
kN/m

Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

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Presented by Rahul Leslie

Loads
Live Load (IS:875 part 2):
BUSINESS AND OFFICE BUILDINGS: Office/Conference: 2.5 kN/m2
Stores: 5 kN/m2
Dinning:
3 kN/m2
Toilet: 2 kN/m2
Corridors/Stairs: 4 kN/m2
Roof: 1.5 kN/m2
Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

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Presented by Rahul Leslie

Loads
Live Load (IS:875 part 2):
Stairs
Live Load = 4 kN/m2
Load on beams (4.57 m span)
= 4x8.59/2 = 17.18 kN/m

Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

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Presented by Rahul Leslie

Loads
Live Load (IS:875 part 2):
Water tank on slab (5000 lts):
5000 lts = 5 m3 = 50 kN
Load = 50/(3.45x1.93) = 7.51 kN/m2

Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

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Presented by Rahul Leslie

Loads
Load Combination for Design
1.5 x Dead Load + 1.5 x Live Load

Load Combination for Foundation


1.0 x Dead Load + 1.0 x Live Load
Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

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Presented by Rahul Leslie

Run Analysis

STAAD.Pro

ETABS

70

Bending Moment

STAAD.Pro

ETABS

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Shear Force

STAAD.Pro

ETABS

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BM & SF of 2nd Floor

STAAD.Pro

ETABS

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RCC Design
Parameters specified
Load case used =
1.5 Dead Load + 1.5 Live Load
Code = IS 456 : 2000
fck = 20 N/mm2
fy(main) = 415 N/mm2
fy(shear) = 415 N/mm2
Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

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Presented by Rahul Leslie

Design cycle for RC Structures


Model with initial cross
sectional dimensions

Run Analysis
and design

Check design
results

Are design
results okay?

Modify cross sectional


dimensions/Layout

No

Yes
Finish
Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

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Presented by Rahul Leslie

Beam Design Output

Shear
Main rein.
rein.

STAAD.Pro

ETABS

76

Beam Design Output of STAAD.Pro


============================================================================
B E A M N O.
141
D E S I G N R E S U L T S
M20
Fe415 (Main)
Fe415 (Sec.)
LENGTH: 4570.0 mm
SIZE:
230.0 mm X 400.0 mm
COVER: 25.0 mm
SUMMARY OF REINF. AREA (Sq.mm)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------SECTION
0.0 mm
1142.5 mm
2285.0 mm
3427.5 mm
4570.0 mm
---------------------------------------------------------------------------TOP
584.24
0.00
0.00
0.00
645.83
REINF.
(Sq. mm)
(Sq. mm)
(Sq. mm)
(Sq. mm)
(Sq. mm)
BOTTOM
0.00
173.83
429.94
173.83
0.00
REINF.
(Sq. mm)
(Sq. mm)
(Sq. mm)
(Sq. mm)
(Sq. mm)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------============================================================================
B E A M N O.
142
D E S I G N R E S U L T S
M20
Fe415 (Main)
Fe415 (Sec.)
LENGTH: 1930.0 mm
SIZE:
230.0 mm X 400.0 mm
COVER: 25.0 mm
SUMMARY OF REINF. AREA (Sq.mm)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------SECTION
0.0 mm
482.5 mm
965.0 mm
1447.5 mm
1930.0 mm
---------------------------------------------------------------------------TOP
188.88
173.83
173.83
173.83
173.83
REINF.
(Sq. mm)
(Sq. mm)
(Sq. mm)
(Sq. mm)
(Sq. mm)
BOTTOM
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
0.00
REINF.
(Sq. mm)
(Sq. mm)
(Sq. mm)
(Sq. mm)
(Sq. mm)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

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Presented by Rahul Leslie

============================================================================
B E A M N O.
141
D E S I G N R E S U L T S
M20
Fe415 (Main)
Fe415 (Sec.)
LENGTH: 4570.0 mm
SIZE:
230.0 mm X 400.0 mm
COVER: 25.0 mm
SUMMARY OF REINF. AREA (Sq.mm)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------SECTION
0.0 mm
1142.5 mm
2285.0 mm
3427.5 mm
4570.0 mm
---------------------------------------------------------------------------TOP
584.24
0.00
0.00
0.00
645.83
REINF.
(Sq. mm)
(Sq. mm)
(Sq. mm)
(Sq. mm)
(Sq. mm)
BOTTOM
0.00
173.83
429.94
173.83
0.00
REINF.
(Sq. mm)
(Sq. mm)
(Sq. mm)
(Sq. mm)
(Sq. mm)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

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Presented by Rahul Leslie

============================================================================
B E A M N O.
141
D E S I G N R E S U L T S
M20
Fe415 (Main)
Fe415 (Sec.)
LENGTH: 4570.0 mm
SIZE:
230.0 mm X 400.0 mm
COVER: 25.0 mm
SUMMARY OF REINF. AREA (Sq.mm)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------SECTION
0.0 mm
1142.5 mm
2285.0 mm
3427.5 mm
4570.0 mm
---------------------------------------------------------------------------TOP
584.24
0.00
0.00
0.00
645.83
REINF.

(Sq. mm)

(Sq. mm)

(Sq. mm)

(Sq. mm)

(Sq. mm)

BOTTOM
0.00
173.83
429.94
173.83
0.00
REINF.
(Sq. mm)
(Sq. mm)
(Sq. mm)
(Sq. mm)
(Sq. mm)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------SUMMARY OF PROVIDED REINF. AREA
---------------------------------------------------------------------------SECTION
0.0 mm
1142.5 mm
2285.0 mm
3427.5 mm
4570.0 mm
---------------------------------------------------------------------------TOP
6-12
2-12
2-12
2-12
6-12
REINF.
2 layer(s)
1 layer(s)
1 layer(s)
1 layer(s)
2 layer(s)
BOTTOM
REINF.

2-12
1 layer(s)

2-12
1 layer(s)

4-12
1 layer(s)

2-12
1 layer(s)

2-12
1 layer(s)

SHEAR
2 legged 8 2 legged 8 2 legged 8 2 legged 8 2 legged 8
REINF. @ 120 mm c/c @ 120 mm c/c @ 120 mm c/c @ 120 mm c/c @ 120 mm c/c
---------------------------------------------------------------------------SHEAR DESIGN RESULTS AT DISTANCE d (EFFECTIVE DEPTH) FROM FACE OF THE SUPPORT
SHEAR DESIGN RESULTS AT
540.0 mm AWAY FROM START SUPPORT
VY =
74.90 MX =
-0.90 LD=
3
Provide 2 Legged 8 @ 120 mm c/c
SHEAR DESIGN RESULTS AT
540.0 mm AWAY FROM END SUPPORT
VY =
-79.08 MX =
-0.90 LD=
3
Provide 2 Legged 8 @ 120 mm c/c
============================================================================

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============================================================================
B E A M N O.
141
D E S I G N R E S U L T S
M20
Fe415 (Main)
Fe415 (Sec.)
LENGTH: 4570.0 mm
SIZE:
230.0 mm X 400.0 mm
COVER: 25.0 mm
SUMMARY OF REINF. AREA (Sq.mm)
---------------------------------------------------------------------------SECTION
0.0 mm
1142.5 mm
2285.0 mm
3427.5 mm
4570.0 mm
---------------------------------------------------------------------------TOP
584.24
0.00
0.00
0.00
645.83
REINF.
(Sq. mm)
(Sq. mm)
(Sq. mm)
(Sq. mm)
(Sq. mm)
BOTTOM
0.00
173.83
429.94
173.83
0.00
REINF.
(Sq. mm)
(Sq. mm)
(Sq. mm)
(Sq. mm)
(Sq. mm)
----------------------------------------------------------------------------

Continued...

Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

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Presented by Rahul Leslie

...Continued
SUMMARY OF PROVIDED REINF. AREA
---------------------------------------------------------------------------SECTION
0.0 mm
1142.5 mm
2285.0 mm
3427.5 mm
4570.0 mm
---------------------------------------------------------------------------TOP
6-12
2-12
2-12
2-12
6-12
REINF.
2 layer(s)
1 layer(s)
1 layer(s)
1 layer(s)
2 layer(s)
BOTTOM
REINF.

2-12
1 layer(s)

2-12
1 layer(s)

4-12
1 layer(s)

2-12
1 layer(s)

2-12
1 layer(s)

SHEAR
2 legged 8 2 legged 8 2 legged 8 2 legged 8 2 legged 8
REINF. @ 120 mm c/c @ 120 mm c/c @ 120 mm c/c @ 120 mm c/c @ 120 mm c/c
---------------------------------------------------------------------------SHEAR DESIGN RESULTS AT DISTANCE d (EFFECTIVE DEPTH) FROM FACE OF THE SUPPORT
SHEAR DESIGN RESULTS AT
540.0 mm AWAY FROM START SUPPORT
VY =
74.90 MX =
-0.90 LD=
3
Provide 2 Legged 8 @ 120 mm c/c
SHEAR DESIGN RESULTS AT
540.0 mm AWAY FROM END SUPPORT
VY =
-79.08 MX =
-0.90 LD=
3
Provide 2 Legged 8 @ 120 mm c/c
============================================================================

Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

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Presented by Rahul Leslie

Analysis & Design of an RC Building in STAAD.Pro & ETABS

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Presented by Rahul Leslie

Asv/Sv = 0.356
Asv
= 2Leg, #8 = 100.53
.:Sv
= 100.53 / 0.356 = 282 mm c/c
Provide 2L#8@180 mm c/c

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Detailing as per SP 34
(Sample beam)

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Column reinforcement (mm2):

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Column Groups:

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Column Schedule:

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Support Reactions

STAAD.Pro

ETABS

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SBC = 160 kN/m2

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Footing Design
Further adjust size of footing considering
support moments

1.1 P Mx Mz
p

A
Zx
Zz

p SBC

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Provide combined
footing for these
columns

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Pile Capacity = 750 kN

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Pile Design
Further check no. of piles, considering support
moments
dzi
dxi
1.2 P
pi
Mx
Mz
n
Ix
Iz

Ix dz 2
Iz dx 2
pi PileCap.
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Concluding remarks

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Concluding remarks
To use a software package, one has to know it
More importantly, one has to know its limitations,
Still more important, one has to know its pitfalls.
Software Demonstrators/Instructors may tell you the
limitations, but not the pitfalls. Mostly it can be learned
only through experience.
They are also fond of promoting the idea that The
software does everything; You dont have to know
anything!. Please dont take the software for granted.
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Concluding remarks
A basic understanding of FEM is desirable (but not
necessary), especially when flat-slabs, shear walls or shell
roofs are included.
Also one has to know the code provisions, and have them
ready reference (IS:456, SP-34, IS:875 Part-I & II,
IS:1904, IS:2911)
For seismic design, refer to IS:1893 & IS:13920 and to
include wind forces, refer to IS:875 Part-III.

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To be continued with
Seismic Analysis/Design of Multi-s
toried RC Buildings using
STAAD.Pro
& ETABSaccording to IS:1893-2
002
*

Rahul Leslie
rahul.leslie@gmail.com
* http://www.slideshare.net/rahulleslie/seismic-analysisdesign-of-multistoried-rc-buildings-usingstaadpro-etabs-according-to-is18932002-rahul-leslie
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