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Personality

DETERMINANTS, MAJOR PERSONALITY TRAITS IMPACTING WORK


BEHAVIOUR, BIG FIVE MODEL, MEASURING PERSONALITY

Questions

Identify the issues / problems in this case.

Analyse Katherines behaviour

What suggestions would you like to give to deal with this kind of
situation?

Personality

The

relatively stable set of


characteristics that influence an
individuals behavior.

Personality

can be defined as the


consistent behaviour pattern and internal
states (intrapersonal processes ) that
explain a persons behavioural
tendencies.

Major Determinants of Personality

Heredity

Environment(Political, economic, Socio-cultural


environment, work environment)

Family

Socialization

Parents

Birth order

Situation

The Personality-Situation Debate

Interactionist approach

B(Behaviour) = f ( P, E)

Heredity

Physical stature, facial attractiveness, gender,


temperament , energy level etc. are generally
considered either completely or substantially by
who your parents are.

Researchers have found that genetics accounts


for about 50 percent of the personality
similarities between twins and more than 30
percent of the similarities in occupational and
leisure interests.

Big Five Personality Traits

Big Five traits influencing OB

Major Personality Traits influencing OB

Core self evaluation

Locus of Control

Self Monitoring

Risk taking

Proactive personality

Type A and Type B personality

Machiavellianism

Narcissism

Locus of Control

Itrefers to the extent to which individuals believe they


can control events affecting them.

Internals vs. externals (others /chance)

Internals believe that they are responsible for the


rewards and outcomes in their life.

External locus of control is the belief that chance,


fate, or outside forces determine life events.

self-efficacy andself-esteem influence locus of control

Research Findings

The results indicate thatlocusof control plays an important


role in the overall effectivenessof professionals.

Individuals with a higher internallocusof control are more


likely to have lower levels of job stress; higher levels of job
performance ; job satisfaction; organizational commitment;
perseverance, achievement orientation and better health
habits.

Locus of control of top executives found to bear a strong


relationship with the nature of corporate strategy. More
internal chief executives tended to pursue more product
market innovation, undertook greater risk and led rather
than followed competitors.

Type A and Type B Personality

A simple division of preference or personality type is into Type A


and Type B, which is based broadly on anxiety and stress levels.

Type A

The Type A personality generally lives at a higher stress level.

They enjoy achievement of goals, with greater enjoyment in


achieving of more difficult goals. They are thus constantly
working hard to achieve these.

They find it difficult to stop, even when they have achieved


goals.

They feel the pressure of time, constantly working flat out.

They are highly competitive and will, if necessary create


competition.

They hate failure and work hard to avoid it.

Example driving, waiting in a queue

Type B
The Type B personality generally lives at a lower stress level
and are typically:

They work steadily, enjoying achievements but not


becoming stressed when they are not achieved.

When faced with competition, they do not mind losing and


either enjoy the game or back down.

They may be creative and enjoy exploring ideas and


concepts.

They are often reflective, thinking about the outer and inner
worlds.

They are at most times calm and collected.

It takes a lot to irritate them. The are barely overstressed,


and when feeling stressed they tend to be productive rather
than destructive.

Measuring Personality

Projective Test- Elicits an individuals response to abstract stimuli


Behavioral Measures-personality assessments that involve observing
an individuals behavior in a controlled situation
Self-Report Questionnaire-assessment involving an individuals
responses to questions
Psychometric Measures

16PF ( Raymond Cattle et.al,1970)

MBTI (Myers-Briggs Type Indicator MBTI)

Big Five Model ( Mc Crae1992; Smith et.al 2001)

Myers- Briggs Type Indicator(MBTI)

Source

of Energy

Extroverted

(E) outgoing; speaks then think


Introverted (I) reflective; thinks then speaks

Perception(Collecting
Sensing

(S)- practical, concrete

Intuitive(N)- theoretical, abstract

Judgment(Decision
Thinking

Information)

Making)

(T)-analytical(head)

Feeling(F)- subjective(heart)

Understanding
Perceiving

the World

(P)- flexible, spontaneous


Judging (J) - structured ,organized

A study indicated that Indian managers (55.7


percent) were found to be the ESTJ. These
managers showed positive correlation to role
efficacy.

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