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What is project ?

some of the big projects

Students projects


Project The project means you are able to

bring to bear all of the knowledge and
skills that you have accumulated
during the course.

The final year project is the most important
module in the programme.
It is 40 credits module.
it is an undergraduate project, not a
doctoral thesis. The project does not have
to include the development of new
theories or great originality, rather the
correct application of known procedures to
an engineering problem.

The project will include a number of key


Identification of a problem and the

negotiation of a project brief with your
supervisor and submitting the proposal.
Upon the acceptance of your projects
title your supervisors will be allocated.
Expected to conduct research into the
subject of your project. This will be in
many forms, e.g. patent search, literature
survey, contacts with suppliers,
customers and colleagues.
Write and submit an interim report.

The project will include a number of key

Find the solution that you have faced by solving
the problem. It is necessary that the project
contains at least one of the following elements: A design study resulting in a set of
engineering drawings and supporting
Experimental work where a test rig is
designed and made, experiments carried out,
and the results analysed and reported.
A manufacturing problem is identified and a
system is designed and put in place to
eliminate the problem.

The project will include a number of key

While all projects should contain some
element of a literature review, projects that
confine themselves to that activity are not
Project will be reported by means of a
written report.
Assessment: Viva (or question session)
with two members of academic staff.

Important Dates
Submission of proposal (2 proposals)
18 April 2011
Submission of interim report
11 July 2011
Submission of final report
19 Dec 2011

The choice of the project title is
very important. You need to

identify a subject that will hold

your interest over a period of
about one year, that will be
demanding, but not impossible

Those aspiring to a first class honours degree
would need to ensure that the project is
sufficiently demanding to allow them to
display their ability to the full.

Typical project titles might include:

The design of a mechanism to operate a high speed weaving machine.
A review of the energy requirements of a company and the implementation of a
system of process monitoring and adjustment to optimise energy consumption.
The design of a computer controlled machine to bend brake and other pipes
for the automotive industry.
The specification and implementation of a control system for an industrial
The application of statistical process control to the manufacture of a
company's product.
The specification and design of a variable speed drive system for an industrial
The use of Taguchi techniques in an experimental investigation into the
problems associated with the manufacture of injection moulded components.
The application of a solid state control system to a domestic product.
The automation of a production line..

Project title
Please note that every titles involve
the solution of a real engineering
Projects which confine themselves
to a literature review are not

Project Brief (Proposal)
Interim Report
Final Report

Project Brief (Proposal)

Project brief (Proposal)

This document contains the title of the
project and explains the scope of the
project. The brief should be formulated as
per the given format.
It should not exceed 5 pages in length


Title Page
Table of Contents
Project Planning
Hardware and Software Requirements

Table of Contents


gives the project a context

explains why the project is important
states what the FYP aims to accomplish and how
provides objectives
identifies possible problems or complications

Gaming, as both a cultural phenomenon and a lucrative global business [why the
project is important], has enjoyed enormous success over the past five years. With
this increase in popularityhas come a demand for more sophisticated 3D modeling.
[context] The push in the industry is for smoother, seamless graphics. [problem] For
this project, we will design a software program intended to greatly enhance the
capabilities of 3D Studio Max to produce more realistic graphics. [state what the
proposal aims to accomplish and how]

Think of your objectives as what you want to accomplish and what

you need to learn [software packages, algorithms]
What is your project objective?
Describe the scope of your project
Describe how you are going to achieve your objective

What are the problems that you will address and why?
What are your goals? What can you deliver?
What are the technical challenges and how do you plan to
overcome these?

Begin your methodology with a clear description of what
you were doing during the summer: literature survey/
feasibility study and/or a critical review. You do not
need to address all the questions below, just the ones
that are relevant to your project.
What is the history of your project topic?
What are experts in the field discussing that relates to
your topic?
What are the trade-offs?
What is the latest research?
What is the state-of-the-art in your project area?


Design - Figure out what the sub-problems are and what approach to take or what
theory to investigate.
theory based
Implementation - Build it
technical skills based
Testing - How are you going to ensure that it [the program/ game/ etc.] works
correctly? [black box/ white box/ regression testing]
look at the project from a micro level
include experiments
look at system results
test each part of the system
make sure that design and implementation work
Evaluation - Evaluate your results relative to your stated objective:
look at the project from a macro level
measure performance
compare your system/model with one or more (a) baseline systems/models, and/or (b)
similar competing systems/models

Project Planning
All projects require planning including an outline
of who in the team is doing what and when; thus,
you will need to include a Gantt chart.

A Gantt chart is constructed with a horizontal axis representing the total time span of the
project, broken down into increments (for example, days, weeks, or months) and a vertical
axis representing the tasks that make up the project (for example, if the project is
outfitting your computer with new software, the major tasks involved might be: conduct
research, choose software, install software). Horizontal bars of varying lengths represent
the sequences, timing, and time span for each task. Using the same example, you would
put "conduct research" at the top of the verticle axis and draw a bar on the graph that
represents the amount of time you expect to spend on the research, and then enter the
other tasks below the first one and representative bars at the points in time when you
expect to undertake them. The bar spans may overlap, as, for example, you may conduct
research and choose software during the same time span. As the project progresses,
secondary bars, arrowheads, or darkened bars may be added to indicate completed tasks,
or the portions of tasks that have been completed. A vertical line is used to represent the
report date.

Gantt Chart

After submitting the project

You will be allocated an academic

Interim Report

Interim Report
The principal purpose of the Interim report is to
ensure that the project is proceeding satisfactorily
while it allows the supervisor to provide feedback on
your progress.
It also gives you some practice in writing a formal
report. Supervisor will make some comments on the
style of presentation used.
The interim report should describe the progress to
date and indicate the next stages of the work .
You have to include a Gantt Chart showing how
much you finished and remaining

Interim Report
After submission of the interim report.
supervisor will comment on the content of the
interim report and may require that you carry
out further work and re-submit the report
before proceeding with the project.

Final Report

Final Report
The final report forms the main basis of
your assessment .
The final report should be formulated as
per the given format.
The final report should not exceed 50 A4
pages in length, not including engineering
drawings or large diagrams ,and appendix

Final report Format

Title page
-Name of the student (with sunder land ID).
-At the bottom of the title page there should
also be the statement:A final year project report submitted in
partial fulfilment of the regulations for the
award of BEng (Hons) in Multidisciplinary
Engineering at the University of
Sunderland, (give academic year

Final report Format

These should be brief acknowledgements
to those who have made a significant
contribution to the project. This section
should start on page i).

Final report Format

This should be a concise summary of the
main contents of the report and the
The reader should be able to form an
opinion about how interesting the project
has been and whether it has been
An Abstract should be typically no longer
than 250 words ..

Final report Format

Index (Table of contents)
This includes the chapter,
subchapter( subsection) of the report.
Relevant page numbers should be
An index of the graphs, diagrams, tables
and photographs should be included on
subsequent pages followed by a list of

Final report Format

Index (Table of contents)

Literature review
Results, discussion and Analysis
Suggestions for further work

General Aspects of the Format of

the Report and its Submission
The proposal should be typed using Times New Roman
font (size 12) with double spacing on one side of A4
The margins should be as follows:-Left (binding edge) and bottom .................35mm
-Other margins ........................14mm.
The numbers should be located centrally at the bottom of
each page .
Report should be written in a formal style avoiding the
use of the first person (I, we) and should use embedded

Citations and References

Throughout the paper, you must provide citations
whenever you paraphrase and/or summarize someone
else's ideas and when you use a direct quote. The
citation style preferred by the COMP department is the
number system.
Not providing citations hurts your team and your work in
several ways. First, it makes your team look like a bunch
of amateurs. Second, it discredits your work. Third,
providing no citations equals plagiarism-the academic
equivalent to robbery. Examples of what constitutes

Under the Harvard System, references are made by
giving the author's surname together with the year of
publication. In the text, the year of publication appears
within parentheses after the author's surname if the latter
forms part of a sentence; for examples, Ch'ng (1986) or
Saleh and Zainuddin (1987) or, where there are more
than two authors, Nagendran et.al (1990).
In contrast, both the author's surname and the year of
publication appear within parentheses if the author's
surname does not form aprt of a sentence; for example:
(Omar & Tan, 1989).

At the end of the thesis, all the references cited are listed in
alphabetical order.
There is no necessity to number the references. References
to periodicals should be listed as follows:
aauthors' surnames and initials (instead of first author et.al),
year of publication in parentheses, exact title of paper,
contracted title of periodical in italics (or underlined), volume
number in Arabic figures double underline (or in bold print),
initial and final page numbers of article. For example:
Kalotas, T.M. & Lee, A.R. (1990). A simple device to
illustrate angular momentum conservation and instability.
Am. J. Phys. 58(1), 80-81.

In the Harvard System, the titles of books are in italics

followed by the town and publisher. For example:
Conn, E.E., Stumpf, P.K., Bruening, G. & Doi, R.H.
(1987). Outlines ofBiochemistry, 3th edn.New York: John
Wiley & Sons.
Reference from an edited book may be written thus:
Hocking, A.D. (1988). Moulds and yeasts associated with
foods of reduced water activity:ecological interactions.
In Food Preservation by Moisture Control (Seow,
C.C., ed.), p. 57-72. London: Elsevier Applied Sci. Publ.

Once you start your project:

weekly meeting with your supervisor
Maintain your log-book.
Every week you have to take signature
from your supervisor in the log-book.

Any Questions
Thanks you