Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 36

# Introduction to Fluid Mechanics

Chapter 5
Introduction to
Differential Analysis of
Fluid Motion

## Fox, Pritchard, & McDonald

Main Topics
Conservation of Mass
Stream Function for Two-Dimensional
Incompressible Flow
Motion of a Fluid Particle (Kinematics)
Momentum Equation

## Fox, Pritchard, & McDonald

Conservation of Mass
Basic Law for a System

## Fox, Pritchard, & McDonald

Conservation of Mass
Rectangular Coordinate System

## Fox, Pritchard, & McDonald

Conservation of Mass
Rectangular Coordinate System

## Fox, Pritchard, & McDonald

Conservation of Mass
Rectangular Coordinate System

Continuity Equation

## Fox, Pritchard, & McDonald

Conservation of Mass
Rectangular Coordinate System

Del Operator

## Fox, Pritchard, & McDonald

Conservation of Mass
Rectangular Coordinate System

## Fox, Pritchard, & McDonald

Conservation of Mass
Rectangular Coordinate System
Incompressible Fluid:

## Fox, Pritchard, & McDonald

Conservation of Mass
Cylindrical Coordinate System

## Fox, Pritchard, & McDonald

Conservation of Mass
Cylindrical Coordinate System

## Fox, Pritchard, & McDonald

Conservation of Mass
Cylindrical Coordinate System

Del Operator

## Fox, Pritchard, & McDonald

Conservation of Mass
Cylindrical Coordinate System

## Fox, Pritchard, & McDonald

Conservation of Mass
Cylindrical Coordinate System
Incompressible Fluid:

## Stream Function for

Two-Dimensional
Incompressible Flow
Two-Dimensional Flow

Stream Function

## Stream Function for

Two-Dimensional
Incompressible Flow
Cylindrical Coordinates

## Motion of a Fluid Particle

(Kinematics)
Fluid
Fluid
Fluid
Fluid

Translation: Acceleration of a
Particle in a Velocity Field
Rotation
Deformation

Angular Deformation
Linear Deformation

(Kinematics)

## Motion of a Fluid Particle

(Kinematics)
Fluid Translation: Acceleration of a
Fluid Particle in a Velocity Field

## Motion of a Fluid Particle

(Kinematics)
Fluid Translation: Acceleration of a
Fluid Particle in a Velocity Field

## Motion of a Fluid Particle

(Kinematics)
Fluid Translation: Acceleration of a
Fluid Particle in a Velocity Field

## Motion of a Fluid Particle

(Kinematics)
Fluid Translation: Acceleration of a
Fluid Particle in a Velocity Field (Cylindrical)

(Kinematics)
Fluid Rotation

(Kinematics)
Fluid Rotation

(Kinematics)
Fluid Rotation

## Motion of a Fluid Particle

(Kinematics)
Fluid Deformation:
Angular Deformation

## Motion of a Fluid Particle

(Kinematics)
Fluid Deformation:
Angular Deformation

## Motion of a Fluid Particle

(Kinematics)
Fluid Deformation:
Linear Deformation

## Fox, Pritchard, & McDonald

Momentum Equation
Newtons Second Law

## Fox, Pritchard, & McDonald

Momentum Equation
Forces Acting on a Fluid Particle

## Fox, Pritchard, & McDonald

Momentum Equation
Forces Acting on a Fluid Particle

## Fox, Pritchard, & McDonald

Momentum Equation
Differential Momentum Equation

## Fox, Pritchard, & McDonald

Momentum Equation
Newtonian Fluid: Navier-Stokes Equations

## Fox, Pritchard, & McDonald

Momentum Equation
Special Case: Eulers Equation

## Computational Fluid Dynamics

Some Applications

Discretization