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Introduction to Fluid Mechanics

Chapter 5
Introduction to
Differential Analysis of
Fluid Motion

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Main Topics
Conservation of Mass
Stream Function for Two-Dimensional
Incompressible Flow
Motion of a Fluid Particle (Kinematics)
Momentum Equation

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Conservation of Mass
Basic Law for a System

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Conservation of Mass
Rectangular Coordinate System

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Conservation of Mass
Rectangular Coordinate System

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Conservation of Mass
Rectangular Coordinate System

Continuity Equation

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Conservation of Mass
Rectangular Coordinate System

Del Operator

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Conservation of Mass
Rectangular Coordinate System

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Conservation of Mass
Rectangular Coordinate System
Incompressible Fluid:

Steady Flow:

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Conservation of Mass
Cylindrical Coordinate System

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Conservation of Mass
Cylindrical Coordinate System

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Conservation of Mass
Cylindrical Coordinate System

Del Operator

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Conservation of Mass
Cylindrical Coordinate System

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Conservation of Mass
Cylindrical Coordinate System
Incompressible Fluid:

Steady Flow:

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Stream Function for


Two-Dimensional
Incompressible Flow
Two-Dimensional Flow

Stream Function

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Stream Function for


Two-Dimensional
Incompressible Flow
Cylindrical Coordinates

Stream Function (r, )

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Motion of a Fluid Particle


(Kinematics)
Fluid
Fluid
Fluid
Fluid

Translation: Acceleration of a
Particle in a Velocity Field
Rotation
Deformation

Angular Deformation
Linear Deformation

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Motion of a Fluid Particle


(Kinematics)

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Motion of a Fluid Particle


(Kinematics)
Fluid Translation: Acceleration of a
Fluid Particle in a Velocity Field

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Motion of a Fluid Particle


(Kinematics)
Fluid Translation: Acceleration of a
Fluid Particle in a Velocity Field

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Motion of a Fluid Particle


(Kinematics)
Fluid Translation: Acceleration of a
Fluid Particle in a Velocity Field

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Motion of a Fluid Particle


(Kinematics)
Fluid Translation: Acceleration of a
Fluid Particle in a Velocity Field (Cylindrical)

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Motion of a Fluid Particle


(Kinematics)
Fluid Rotation

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Motion of a Fluid Particle


(Kinematics)
Fluid Rotation

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Motion of a Fluid Particle


(Kinematics)
Fluid Rotation

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Motion of a Fluid Particle


(Kinematics)
Fluid Deformation:
Angular Deformation

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Motion of a Fluid Particle


(Kinematics)
Fluid Deformation:
Angular Deformation

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Motion of a Fluid Particle


(Kinematics)
Fluid Deformation:
Linear Deformation

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Momentum Equation
Newtons Second Law

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Momentum Equation
Forces Acting on a Fluid Particle

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Momentum Equation
Forces Acting on a Fluid Particle

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Momentum Equation
Differential Momentum Equation

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Momentum Equation
Newtonian Fluid: Navier-Stokes Equations

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Momentum Equation
Special Case: Eulers Equation

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Computational Fluid Dynamics


Some Applications

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Computational Fluid Dynamics


Discretization

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