Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 18

Security Level:

09/03/16

Planning for Radio


Coverage
&
Capacity

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

www.huawei.com

Content
Coverage planning

Three terms

Tool and case

Capacity planning

Three terms

Method and case

Relationship

Balance of Uplink and Downlink


EIRP
BTS Set-top power

Pa
th

Lo
ss

UL

BTS
Sensitivity
MS Transmit power

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 3

DL

Propagation Model
Path Loss = f (frequency, distance)
Common propagation model

Propagation model of free space (Lp=32.4+20logf+20logd)

Okumura-Hata model (Applying to forecast of 900M macro cell)

COST231-Hata model (Applying to forecast of 1800M macro cell)

COST231 Walfish Ikegami model


(Applying to forecast of 900M and 1800M micro
cells)

Keenan-Motley model
(Indoor propagation model, applying to 900M and 1800M
cells)

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Communication Probability
Concept of communication probability
Success call rate of MS on the radio coverage border or in the cell

Category of communication probability

Probability
Distribution

Edge coverage probability


Area coverage probability

margi
n

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 5

Tool

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 6

Case
To construct a 900MHz Network in the suburb that requires about
100 square kilometer coverage acreage, -94dBm minimum
receiving level, and 91% edge coverage probability, forecast the
coverage distance and calculate the required quantity of BTSs.

Useful input information


Band: 900MHz
Network environment: suburb
Coverage acreage: 100km
Efficient receiving level: -94dBm
Edge coverage probability: 91
2

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 7

Traffic -Traffic Load


Definition:
Call exchange volume of a subscriber in a particular time
Unit:
Erlang

Avg.TrafficLoad@BH

BHCA Avg.CallHoldingTime
(Erlang)
3600

BHCA: Busy Hour Call Attempt

If traffic in 15 min is 0.2 Erl, then traffic in one hour is


0.24 0.8Erl
If traffic in 15 min is 0.2 Erl, then traffic in one hour is also
about 0.2 Erl when distribution of traffic is even

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 8

GoS - Grade of Service

It is the probability of a call in a circuit group being


blocked or delayed for more than a specified interval.

For a Lost Call system, the GoS can be measured using


such equation:

Numberof lostcalls
Gradeof Service
Numberof offeredcalls

GOS=2%

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Urban

GOS=5%

Huawei Confidential

Suburb

Page 9

Erlang-B
1.

The relation between


number of TCH and
expected traffic is not
linear

2.

Because the channel is


shared

3.

This share condition

happed in cell.
So the number of channel
is in one cell and
correspond to the traffic
load of per cell.
TRX
Number

Elang
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 10

GOS

Capacity Planning
Coverage
estimation

Number of
site
Traffic Load
per site

Traffic model
Subscribers
Distribution

Traffic Load
of system
Traffic Load
per cell

TRX
Configuration

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Channel
Configuration

Huawei Confidential

Erlang-B

Page 11

Case
A local network will be constructed. After two years,
the number of subscribers may attain 100,000.
Provide that the traffic per subscriber is 0.02Erl, 120
BTSs are required, and the call loss rate is 2%.

Useful information
Subscriber quantity: 100,000
Call loss rate: 2%
Traffic model: 0.015Erl
Number of BTSs: 120

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 12

Case

Roaming factor (traffic and developing trend): 10%; dynamic


factor (burst traffic): 15%
Network capacity: 100,000(1+10%+15%)=125,000

In terms of congestion, use 85% to calculate the bearer


capability for traffic. Thus, the design capacity of network
is: 125,000/(85%)=147100, that is 150,000 approximately.

According to the provided traffic model, that is average


0.015Erl traffic, forecast the busy-hour traffic of the whole
network: 150000 0.015=2250Erl.

The average traffic per BTS is: 2250/120=18.75Erl, average


traffic per cell: 18.75/3=6.25Erl.

Based on 2% call loss rate, query the Erlang-B to find the


number of voice channels: 12channels/every cell

The number of control channels: 14 channels/every cell,


2TRX/every cell

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 13

Relation

Pay attention to both coverage and capacity:

Coverage
Dimensionin
g

Coverage
area per
Site

Traffic Load
pre Site

Traffic
model

Limitation
Judgment

Subscribers
Distribution
Frequency
Planning

Figure out the


max.
configuration

Coverage
limitation

Capacity
limitation

Traffic Load
per Site

Channel
Configuratio
n

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

TRX/Channel
/
Configuratio
n

Coverage
area per
Site
BTS
Quantity
Huawei Confidential

Page 14

END

Thank you
www.huawei.com

Method to enhance coverage

Increase the transmission power of

BTS

Reduce the loss of combiner

Reduce the loss of feeder

Increase the gain of antenna

Add TMA

Improve Rx. sensitivity

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

Page 16

No balance
Coverage of downlink
Coverage of uplink

No signal to
MS

Allowed loss is greater on


uplink than on downlink.

Allowed loss is greater


on downlink than on uplink

Cannot access

when uplink and downlink are not on


balance,
Coverage area is equivalent to the worse
one.
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.
Huawei Confidential

Page 17

Channel Configuration

8 channels (i.e. time slots) per TRX

BCCH Configuration
Only 1 BCCH per cell; TS0 of TRX0

TCH Configuration
No. of TCH n 8 BCCHNo.- SDCCHNo.

SDCCH configuration suggestion


TRX
No.

Without CBCH
Normal cell

Inner cell

2*SDCCH/8

Edge cell

SDCCH/8

SD/8 +
SD/4

Inner cell

SD/8 + SD/4

SDCCH/8 + SDCCH/4

Normal
cell

SDCCH/8

Edge cell

SDCCH/4

With CBCH

2*SDCCH/8
2*SDCCH/8 + SDCCH/4

2*SDCCH/8
2*SDCCH/8 + SDCCH/4

2*SDCCH/8

2*SDCCH/8 + SDCCH/4

2*SDCCH/8 + SDCCH/4
3*SDCCH/8

2*SDCCH/8 + SDCCH/4

3*SDCCH/8
Simply calculating: 1 SDCCH/8
per 2 TRXs

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

3*SDCCH/8
3*SDCCH/8 + SDCCH/4

Page 18