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Security Level:

09/03/16

Coverage
&
Capacity

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Huawei Confidential

www.huawei.com

Content
Coverage planning

Three terms

Tool and case

Capacity planning

Three terms

Method and case

Relationship

EIRP
BTS Set-top power

Pa
th

Lo
ss

UL

BTS
Sensitivity
MS Transmit power

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DL

Propagation Model
Path Loss = f (frequency, distance)
Common propagation model

COST231 Walfish Ikegami model

(Applying to forecast of 900M and 1800M micro
cells)

Keenan-Motley model
(Indoor propagation model, applying to 900M and 1800M
cells)

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Communication Probability
Concept of communication probability
Success call rate of MS on the radio coverage border or in the cell

Probability
Distribution

Edge coverage probability

Area coverage probability

margi
n

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Tool

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Case
To construct a 900MHz Network in the suburb that requires about
100 square kilometer coverage acreage, -94dBm minimum
receiving level, and 91% edge coverage probability, forecast the
coverage distance and calculate the required quantity of BTSs.

Useful input information

Band: 900MHz
Network environment: suburb
Coverage acreage: 100km
Efficient receiving level: -94dBm
Edge coverage probability: 91
2

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Definition:
Call exchange volume of a subscriber in a particular time
Unit:
Erlang

BHCA Avg.CallHoldingTime
(Erlang)
3600

If traffic in 15 min is 0.2 Erl, then traffic in one hour is

0.24 0.8Erl
If traffic in 15 min is 0.2 Erl, then traffic in one hour is also
about 0.2 Erl when distribution of traffic is even

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It is the probability of a call in a circuit group being

blocked or delayed for more than a specified interval.

For a Lost Call system, the GoS can be measured using

such equation:

Numberof lostcalls
Numberof offeredcalls

GOS=2%

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Urban

GOS=5%

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Suburb

Page 9

Erlang-B
1.

The relation between

number of TCH and
expected traffic is not
linear

2.

shared

3.

This share condition

happed in cell.
So the number of channel
is in one cell and
correspond to the traffic
TRX
Number

Elang
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GOS

Capacity Planning
Coverage
estimation

Number of
site
per site

Traffic model
Subscribers
Distribution

of system
per cell

TRX
Configuration

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Channel
Configuration

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Erlang-B

Page 11

Case
A local network will be constructed. After two years,
the number of subscribers may attain 100,000.
Provide that the traffic per subscriber is 0.02Erl, 120
BTSs are required, and the call loss rate is 2%.

Useful information
Subscriber quantity: 100,000
Call loss rate: 2%
Traffic model: 0.015Erl
Number of BTSs: 120

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Case

Roaming factor (traffic and developing trend): 10%; dynamic

factor (burst traffic): 15%
Network capacity: 100,000(1+10%+15%)=125,000

In terms of congestion, use 85% to calculate the bearer

capability for traffic. Thus, the design capacity of network
is: 125,000/(85%)=147100, that is 150,000 approximately.

According to the provided traffic model, that is average

0.015Erl traffic, forecast the busy-hour traffic of the whole
network: 150000 0.015=2250Erl.

The average traffic per BTS is: 2250/120=18.75Erl, average

traffic per cell: 18.75/3=6.25Erl.

Based on 2% call loss rate, query the Erlang-B to find the

number of voice channels: 12channels/every cell

2TRX/every cell

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Relation

Coverage
Dimensionin
g

Coverage
area per
Site

pre Site

Traffic
model

Limitation
Judgment

Subscribers
Distribution
Frequency
Planning

max.
configuration

Coverage
limitation

Capacity
limitation

per Site

Channel
Configuratio
n

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TRX/Channel
/
Configuratio
n

Coverage
area per
Site
BTS
Quantity
Huawei Confidential

Page 14

END

Thank you
www.huawei.com

BTS

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Huawei Confidential

Page 16

No balance

No signal to
MS

Allowed loss is greater

Cannot access

balance,
Coverage area is equivalent to the worse
one.
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Channel Configuration

8 channels (i.e. time slots) per TRX

BCCH Configuration
Only 1 BCCH per cell; TS0 of TRX0

TCH Configuration
No. of TCH n 8 BCCHNo.- SDCCHNo.

SDCCH configuration suggestion

TRX
No.

Without CBCH
Normal cell

Inner cell

2*SDCCH/8

Edge cell

SDCCH/8

SD/8 +
SD/4

Inner cell

SD/8 + SD/4

SDCCH/8 + SDCCH/4

Normal
cell

SDCCH/8

Edge cell

SDCCH/4

With CBCH

2*SDCCH/8
2*SDCCH/8 + SDCCH/4

2*SDCCH/8
2*SDCCH/8 + SDCCH/4

2*SDCCH/8

2*SDCCH/8 + SDCCH/4

2*SDCCH/8 + SDCCH/4
3*SDCCH/8

2*SDCCH/8 + SDCCH/4

3*SDCCH/8
Simply calculating: 1 SDCCH/8
per 2 TRXs

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3*SDCCH/8
3*SDCCH/8 + SDCCH/4

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