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Computer

Hardware And Software


K.S.K.V.K.U kachchh university

Presented by
Parthraj Solanki
Roll No:32
MBA SEM-1

AGENDA
INTRODUCTION
HARDWARE
TYPE OF HARDWARE
SOFTWARE
TYPE OF SOFTWARE

WHAT IS COMPUTER
A computer is an electronic device
that accept data(input) and, process data arithmetically
and logically, produce information (output).
It is divided into two main categories :
Hardware
Software

Hard ware
Hard ware is the physical aspect of

computers, tale communication and other


devices.

Its includes not only the computer proper but

also the cables, connectors, powersuplly unit


and peripheral devices such as the keyboard,
mouse, Audio speakers and printers.

Type of Hardware
Internal Hardware:
internal Hardware is also called components.
its include
CPU
Motherboard
RAM
ROM

Central Processing Unit


(CPU)
it is the Brain of the computer
Most of the calculations take place

here
Two typical components of a CPU
are
oArithmetic logical unit (ALU )
oControl unit ( CU )

Mother Board :
It is the main circuit board of a

computer
it contain the CPU, Memory,
Expansion slots and all the contallers
Required To control standard
Hardware Device

RAM (Random Access Memory):


Ram is the place in a computer where the

operating system, application programs and


data in current use are kept.
It is a temporary memory and can be

compared to a persons short team memory

ROM (Read Only Memory):


Its is a technology that allows you to write

data once. After the data has been written


you can read it an unlimited of times

Input Hardware
input hardware consists of external devices
by which we give information and instructions
to the computer .
Common input Hardware are:
keyboard
Mouse
Scanner

Keyboard:
The set of type writer like keys that
enables you to enter data into a computer

Mouse:
A device that controls the movements of
the cursor or pointer on a display screen.

Scanner:
A device that can read text or illustrations
printed on paper and translate the
information into a form of the computer
can use.

Output Hardware
Out put hardware consists of internal and
external device that transfer information from
the computer CPU to the computer user
Common output hardware are:
Monitor
Printer
speaker

Monitor:
A display screen used to present output from
a computer video, camera, VCR or other video
Generator.

Printer:
In a computer a printer is a device that accept
text and Graphic output from a computer and
transfer the information to paper.

Speaker:
Speaker or headphones to an output port to hear
the Audio produce by the computer.

Storage Hardware
A computer storage device is any type of
Hardware that stores data like CD-ROM, DVD,
Floppy Disc, USB etc.
Some common Device Storage are:
Hard disc
Floppy disc
CD-ROM

Hard Disc:

A magnetic Disc on Which you can store

computer data. The term hard is used to


distinguish it from a soft. Or Floppy.

Floppy Disc:
A flexible plastic disc coated with magnetic

material and covered by a protective jacket ,


used primarily by computer to store data
magnetically.

CD-ROM:
A CD-ROM is a CD that can be read by a

computer with an optical drive.

Software
A set of instruction that enable physical

components of a computer to work in a


synchronize way is call software.

The set of instruction is often called a

program

Computer can not do any useful work without

instruction from software.

Type of Software
Computer software is divided in four major

types.

System software
Programming software
Application software
Utility software

System software

System software helps in running

the computer hardware and the


computer system.

Main system software are:


Operating system
Device driver

Operating system
An operating system is interface between

hardware and user it is responsible for the


management and coordination of activities
and the sharing of the limited resources of the
computer .

Device drivers:
In computing a device driver is a computer

program allowing higher level computer


programs to interact with a hardware device.

Application software
It enables the user to accomplish certain
specific tasks.
Following are the type of application

software

Web browsing software:


It allow one to surf the web
For ex: Ms internet explorer

Word processing software:


Allow user to create edit document .
For ex: Ms word.

Spreadsheet:

Allows user to create document and perform


calculation.
For Ex: Ms Excel
Data Base software:

Allow user to store and retrieve vast amount of data


For EX: Ms Access
Presentation Graphic software:

Allow user to create visual presentation.


For EX: Ms Power Point.

Utility software:
Utility software helps in the management of
hardware and application software. It perform
a small range of task.
some typical example of utility software are:
Disk Defragmenters:
It detect computer file whose content are
store on the hard disk in disjointed fragments
and move the fragments together to increase
efficiency.

Backup:
This utility makes copy of all information stored
on a disk and store either the entire disk or
selected files.

Disk partitioner:
it divide an individual drive into multiple logical
drives, each with its own file system which can
be mounted by the operating system and
treated as an individual drive.
Antivirus :
These utility scan computer for viruses.

Programming Software
This is one of most commonly know are
popularly used forms of computer software.
These software come in form of tools that
asset programmer in writing computer
programs .
The tools that helps the programmers in
instructing a computer system include:
Text editors
Compilers
Interpreters

Text editor
A text editor is a type of program used for editing plain

text file. such program are some time known as note


pad software.

compiler
A compiler is a special program that processes

statements written in a particular programming


language and turns them into machine language or
"code" that a computer's processor uses.

Interpreter
A program that executes instructions written in a high-

level language. There are two ways to run programs


written in a high-level language.The most common is
to compile the program; the other method is to pass
the program through an interpreter.

Thank you