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Identifying the

C aL em
e2r a
sson

Please do not record this presentation.


Todays contents should be kept secret because they are too useful :D

Types of Cameras

Parts and Functions

Terminologies

To p i c s
4

Proper Care and


Handling

Types of Cameras
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Ty p e s o f C a m e r a s

Compact Camera

01

Bridge Camera

02

03

04

DSLR Camera
Mirror less Camera

Parts and
Functions
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Le n s

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A proper term for this part


should be Lens Assembly,
this consists of several
layers of lenses of varying
properties providing zoom,
focusing, and distortion
correction. These lenses are
mechanically
interconnected and
adjustment is controlled
either manually or
electronically through the
camera's body.

Body
Made of high grade
plastic or metal, this
holds all the other parts
together as well as
provide protection to the
delicate internal parts of
the camera.

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Mode Dial

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Contains several
symbols (slightly
different on various
camera models), this
dial allows you to select
a shooting mode,
automatic or manual or
a choice between one of
the pre-defined settings.

Shutter
Re l e a s e B u t t o n
This is the "trigger" of
the camera. In most
cameras, a half-press
activates and locks the
auto-focus, and a full
press initiates the image
capturing process.

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Vi e w fi n d e r
A small viewing window
that shows the image that
the camera's imaging
sensor sees. This can
either be an optical view
finder, which shows the
actual image in front of
the camera through a
peep hole or through
mirrors, or an electronic
view finder which is
simply a small LCD
display.

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Fo c u s i n g R i n g

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Built-in on the body of


most compact and some
DSLR cameras this can
either be fixed or flip
type, it provides an
instantaneous burst of
bright light to illuminate
a poorly lit scene.

This can also be found


around the lens of a DSLR
camera. This is turned to
manually focus the lens.

A p e r t u re R i n g
Found around the old
manual lens of SLR
camera this is used to
select an aperture
opening. In modern
lenses, the aperture is
controlled electronically
through the body.

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Flash

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LCD Display
In some compact
cameras this acts as the
viewfinder. This is a
small screen (usually
1.8" diagonally or
bigger) at the back of
the camera which can
be used for framing or
for reviewing the
recorded pictures..

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C o n t ro l
u t t o anset
s of
UsuallyBincludes
directional keys and a few
other buttons to activate
certain functions and
menus, this is used to let
users interact with the
camera's computer
system.

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Z o o m C o n t ro l

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Usually marked with W and


T, which stands for "Wide"
and "Tele" respectively, this
is used to control the
camera's lenses to zoom-in
or zoom-out. For DSLR
cameras, the zoom is
usually controlled by a
zoom ring in the lens.

Po w e r S w i t c h
Turns On or Off the
camera. This may also
contain a Record / Play
Mode selector on some
cameras.

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M e m o r y C a rd
Slot

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This is where expansion


memory cards are
inserted. The proper
position of the card are
often indicated. A
mechanical catch
usually holds the card in
place and a spring helps
it eject.

Battery
Compartment
Holds the batteries.
Depending on the
camera model, this
varies in size and shape.

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Flash Mount
(Hot-Shoe)
Standard holder with
contact plates for optional
Flash accessory.

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Tripod Mount
Here is where your standard Tripod or Monopod is attached
for added stability.

Diopter Adjuster
Usually available in mid to high end sub-compact cameras
and DSLRs located besides the viewfinder. This varies the
focal length of the lens in the viewfinder to make even
people wearing eyeglasses to see clearly through it even
without the eyeglasses.

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Terminologies
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Te r m i n o l o g i e s
1

2
M e g a p i xe l s

A megapixel is one million pixels.


Pixels are the smallest amount of
information in an image.

3
A p e r t u re

Aperture refers to the aperture


stop of a photographic lens which
controls the amount of light that
reaches the image sensor.

Shutter
Speed

Refers to how long a shutter takes


to open and shut. This dictates
how long an image is exposed to
light and how movement is
captured on the photo.

12

Te r m i n o l o g i e s
1

2
ISO

3
Noise

International Standards
Organization
The measure of how sensitive the
sense or digital film is to light.

Refers to the loss of image quality


or the grainy effect you see in dark
areas of a scene.

Eum quod propriae molestie id, est


dicunt option at, quodsi tibique eu
per. Sint audiam eam in. Sea at
admodum accusata, mundi
accumsan eu mea.

13

Proper care and


handling
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Ta k i n g c a r e o f y o u r c a m e r a

Pro p e r
Maintenance

N e v e r To u c h
the sensor

Never use
household
cleaners

Pro p e r
Storage and
Pro t e c t i o n

T RY T O
S O LV E T H E M
ICON

his meliore invenire


et.

15

THANK YOU!
ANY QUESTIONS?

Special Thanks
Jun Akizaki - http://thepopp.com
Used Font: Roboto Light & Roboto Condensed Light
Icon: Font generated byflaticon.comunderCC BY. The authors are:Stephen Hutchings.
Changed the color by Photoshop
World Map: http://www.tutsking.com/vectors/world-dots-map
Changed the color by Photoshop

Sources
Types of Cameras - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kK5E1dAnRww
Photography terminologies - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=43F44U8fRIY
How to take care of your camera - https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KhdJyBucqrk