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TELECOMMUNICATION

(DISTRIBUTION INSIDE
THE BUILDING)

GROUP MEMBERS
HASIF

BIN HALIM

MOHD

AMIR AZIZUDDIN BIN NOR HISHAM

SHAMIMI

BIN WAHAB

MASTURAH
NURUL

BINTI MUHAMMAD KHUSAIRI

ATIKAH BINTI SHAARI

TELECOMMUNICATION
What

is telecommunication?
The function of
telecommunication?
The operation of
telecommunication?
What is the distribution of
telecommunication?
The advantages and the
disadvantages of
telecommunication?

WHAT IS
TELECOMMUNICATION??
INTRODUCTION
In

its simplest form, telecommunication means communicating


with others across long distances.

When

you think of telecommunications today, you think cell


phones and networks, but jungle drums and the telegraph were
both
forms
of
telecommunication.
Today,
long-distance
communication is a combination of satellites, medium devices
and wireless transmission towers.

What

this means is that you, as the user, employ a computer


modem, cellular phone or some other device to connect with
another user's device in a network linked by satellites and wireless
signals or cable, such as telephone land lines.

FUNCTION
In general
1. Allow us to communicate with
others from a long distance.
2. Get latest news or find some
information.
3. Using it as a business platform.
4. Make the work progress more
efficient.
5. For safety purpose.

OPERATION
PABX
A

telephone system within an


enterprise that switches calls
between enterprise users on local
lines
Allowing all users to share a
certain number of external phone
lines

TELEPHONE
When

a person speaks into a


telephone, the sound waves created
by his voice enter the mouthpiece.
An electric current carries the sound
to the telephone of the person he/she
is talking to
A telephone has two main parts: 1the transmitter and 2- the receiver

DISTRIBUTION INSIDE
OF THE BUILDING
HIGH RISE BUILDING
2. LOW RISE BUILDING
1.

HIGH RISE BUILDING


Two

catagories :

- The horizontal supply (distribution


at each floor level). In most cases a
high voltage
-The vertical supply system (rising
mains).

The horizontal supply


Support

a riser cable to distribute in


each floor level.
This is due to the high voltage
condition that may used in high rise
building
To prevent overflow current and
shock circuit and burn


THE VERTICAL SUPPLY SYSTEM (RISING MAINS)

"rises"

between the floors of a


multistory building or high rise
bulding, is also called backbone cable
Riser cable must be provided, to
allow the installation of telecom
cables from the main telecom room
(MDF) to the floor telecom closets.

LOW RISE BUILDING


The

distribution is, from the


underground cable to the
manhole and then to the cabinet,
before to the distribution point
(overhead pole )
The overhead pole will distribute
straight forward to the low rise
buiding, inside of the building

PABX
Private

Automatic Branch
Exchange
Located as the customer
premises
PABX can arrange incoming call
and outgoing call
PABX will distribute inside at the
low rise and high rise

ADVANTAGES
PABX
Allocates

each every employee


phone continuation in the office
The caller can be deffered &
managed with appropriate manner
timely & profesional
Can make a conference calling
Can share the important messages
while the caller on the phone

DISADVANTAGES
PABX
Higher

price, less features


Inherently limited to adding and
removing phones
Needs a data network that is up to
the challenge
The entire system will stop working if
a single point of the system fail

CASE
STUDY
Santander bank
tower
Brickell Avenue, Miami,
Florida, United State
260 meter high, 52 floor
Designed by Kohn
Pedersen Fox Associates
Structure engineer by
DeSimone Consulting
Engineers

Telecommunication services catered by


the provision of:
Riser cable
.Use multi conductor copper backbone
riser cable
.Om 4 type glass fibre optic cable
2. Data centre
.Contains a 1, 100 sf centre
.Used to house equipment
.Located on the ground level
1.

3. Internet security system


Enable each tenant to manage their
own independent office space with
further control by the building
management

THE END ( ^ _ ^ )