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Presentation On Cotter Joint

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Design of Machine

Elements

Introduction to static

Loading & Cotter Joint

Stress Strain Relationship

Shear Stress and Shear

strain

Stress due to bending

moment

Stress due to torsion

moment

2

Stress-Strain Relationship

strain analysis

The material is homogeneous

The load is applied gradually

The line of action of force P

passes through the geometric

axis of the cross section.

The cross section is uniform.

There is no stress concentration

4

Moment

due to bending moment

The beam is straight with uniform

cross section.

The forces acting on the beam lie

in a plane perpendicular to the

axis of the beam.

The material is homogeneous ,

isotropic and obey Hooks law

Plane cross sections remain plane

7

Moment

Moment

Mtr

M tl

JG

moment

The Shaft is straight with circular

cross section.

The plane transverse section

remains plane after twisting

The material is homogeneous ,

isotropic and obey Hooks law

10

P Pey

A

I

An Example

Cotter Joint

A cotter joint is used to connect rigidly two coaxial rods or bars which are subjected to axial

tensile or compressive forces . It is a

temporary fastening .

Cotter Joint

of rectangular cross section and its

width is tapered (either on one side or

on both sides) from one end to

another for an easy adjustment.

Example

Joint between piston rod and cross head

of a steam engine

15

Video

P= Tensile force

d=diameter of end

rods

d1=outside dia. Of

socket

d2=inside dia. Of

socket

or outside dia. Of

spigot

d3=dia. Of spigotcollar

d4= dis. Of socketcollar

a=distance from

end of slot

To the end of spigot

b=mean width of

cotter

Notations Used

FBD of Forces

Crushing/Compressive Failure

of Spigot

Standard Proportions

d1= 1.75d

d4= 2.4d

d2= 1.21d

d3= 1.5d

a=c= 0.75d

b= 1.6d

t= 0.31d

t1= 0.45d

Taper for cotter= 1 in 32

design

Calculate d

Calculate t= 0.31d

Calculate d2 of the spigot

Calculate d1 of the socket

Calculate d3= 1.5d and d4= 2.4d

Calculate a=c= 0.75d

Calculate width b of cotter by considering shear and

bending. Take the value larger from above

considerations

Check for the crushing and shear stresses in spigot

and socket

Knuckle Joint

Two rods subjected to

tensile force are fastened

together

Their axes either coincide

or intersect and lie in one

plane

The joint allows a

small angular

moment of one rod

relative to another

It can be easily

connected and

disconnected

bridge, fulcrum of levers, etc

Knuckle Joint

Joint

Tension Failure of Rod

and Fork

Fork

Fork is a double eye

Replace b with 2a to find corresponding

equations

Calculate diameter of each rod

Calculate D1 = 1.1 D

Calculate a and b as a = 0.75D

1.25D

and b =

bending and take maximum value from

these

Calculate d0 = 2d and d1 = 1.5d

Check tensile, crushing and shear stresses

for eye and fork

Problem

It is required to design a knuckle

joint to connect two circular rods

subjected to an axial tensile force

of 50kN. The rods are co-axial

and a small amount of angular

movement between their axes is

permissible. Design the joint and

specify the dimensions of its

components.

Select

suitable

42

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