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IS INDIA SAFE FOR

WOMEN ?
Presented By
NEETHI RAVEENDRAN
NIBINA MOL M A
POOJA R
RADHIKHA HAREENDRAN
RAKHI

INTRODUCTION
Woman is the companion of man, gifted with
equal rights , mental abilities. She has the
right of freedom and liberty as that of her
male counterpart. Then, why today, in a
country like India, she doesnt feel safe and
secure?

WOMEN IN ANCIENT INDIA


Women in ancient India were held in high esteem.
The position of a woman in the Vedas and the
Upanishads was that of a mother (maata) or
goddess (Devi).
In the Manusmriti, woman was considered as a
precious being.
With the passage of time, the status of woman was
lowered.
Since men fought the wars and ran the
enterprises of industrial production, they
considered themselves superior to woman.

INDIAN WOMEN OF 21st


CENTUARY
unfortunately, a woman in our country,
belongs to a class or group of society who
are in a disadvantaged position on
account of several social barriers and
impediments.
victims of tyranny at the hands of men with
whom they, under the Constitution enjoy,
equal status.

VICTIM- SHE IS !!!


Receives no health care.
No provision for education.
Victim of child malnutrition than her male
counterparts.
Victim of rape, domestic violence, sexual
harrasments, female feticides, trafficking,
dowry etc..
On nearly every social indicator women in
India are worse off than men.

Are sexually harassed on streets and


in the workplace.
Molested in buses and trains and
raped at home and in public spaces.
If they spurn the unwanted advances
of men they risk becoming victims of
acid attacks.

RAPE
Rape is a type of sexual assault, usually
involving sexual intercourse, initiated by one
or more persons against another person
without that person's consent.
carried out by physical force,coercion, abuse
of authority or with a person who is incapable
of valid consent, such as one who is
unconscious, incapacitated, or below the legal
age of consent.
The term is most often defined in criminal law.

In 2012, the FBI defined rape as "The carnal


knowledge of a female forcibly and against
her will."
Rape in India has been described as one of
India's most common crimes against women.
A national problem by the UNs humanrights chief.

WOMEN- A FAIR GAME FOR THE


RAPIST
But in a country where a rape is reported
every 21 minutes, even these most horrific of
crimes soon get forgotten - except by the
victims and their families.
They are left to fight their long lonely battles
for justice which, more often than not, is
denied to them.
There's a bias that operates in the mind of
decision makers - stereotyping women,
blaming the victim, trying to find out if she
invited the rape."

Most of these victims are still waiting


for justice, sometimes years after the
crimes have been committed.
The rapists sometimes escape with a
light sentence .
Violence against women is deeply
entrenched in the feudal, patriarchal
Indian society, where for the rapist,
every woman is fair game.

RAPE AND INDIA


It is estimated that during the partition, up to
100,000 women were kidnapped and raped.
A 2011 UN report found women worse off in
India than in countries like China, Iraq, and
even Saudi Arabia.
A new case is reported every 20 minutes.
New Delhi has the highest rate of rapereports among Indian cities
Sources show that rape cases in India have
doubled between 1990 and 2008.

The first such incident in India occurred in


1972 when Mathura, a 16-year-old tribal girl,
was raped by two policemen inside a police
station.
According to the National Crime Records
Bureau, 24,206 rape cases were registered in
India in 2011,
Although experts agree that the number of
unreported cases is much higher.

THE MENACE OF RAPE


Every 60 minutes, two women are raped in this
country.
133 elderly women were sexually assaulted last
year
According to the National Crime Records Bureau
(NCRB), a total of 20,737 cases of rape were
reported last year.
Madhya Pradesh the rape capital of the country
by topping the list of such incidents.

Going by the NCRB statistics, two women are raped in the


country every hour.

Madhya Pradesh accounted for 14.5 per cent of the total


cases (3,010)

With West Bengal following with 2,106 such incidents.

Records of high incidence in other states include Uttar


Pradesh
(1,648), Bihar (1,555) and Rajasthan (1,238). The national
capital had 598 cases in which 602 women were sexually
assaulted.

RECENT DATAS
Police figures show a rape reported on
average every 18 hours.
Reported rape cases rose by nearly 17
percent between 2007 and 2011.
Between 16 December and 4 January 501
calls for harassment and 64 calls for rape
were recorded by the Delhi Police, but only 4
were followed up by inquiries.
There are rape cases in almost all cities and
rural areas, where the victim dies
immediately because of the brutality of the
crime."

WHY ARE CASES HIDDEN?


Acceptance of the argument made by the
accused like they were drunk, or that they
were living away from their family, or they
had a family to look after.
Money and muscle power.
cases do not even get to court because there
is a stigma attached to rape.
Discouragement by families to complain

ANTI-RAPE ACTS
1980s - women's rights groups lobbied for marital rape
to be declared unlawful.
1983- the criminal law (amendment) act stated that
"sexual intercourse by a man with his own wife, the
wife not being under fifteen years of age is not rape".
Anti-rape law in 1983 - accommodate the provision that
if a victim says that she did not consent to sex, the
court will believe her.
Marital rape is now illegal in India but is still
widespread.
U/s 228A of Indian Penal Code, No person can disclose
the name of the rape victim.
U/s 114-A of Indian Evidence Act.

RECENT ACTS / AMENDMENTS


The government has formed a committee
under retired Supreme Court Justice JS
Verma to take a fresh look at the anti-rape
law.
Invited suggestion from the public and Many
are also calling for longer jail sentences of
up to 30 years or even life in jail.
New fast-track courts
The Criminal Law (Amendment) Bill-2013,
makes it clear that the age of consent for sex
would be 18 years.

? ON INDIAS SAFETY
The rape and murder of English
teenager Scarlett keeling, on 18
February 2008, brought international
attention to cases of rape in India.
A Russian national working in India
claimed that she was raped by a Goan
politician on 1 December, 2009.

In 2012 Bikram Singh Brahma, was


accused of raping a woman in the
Chirang district of Assam.
The gang rape of a 23-year-old student
on a public bus,on 16 December 2012,
sparked large protests across the
capital Delhi.

In 2003, the country was shamed when


a 28-year-old Swiss diplomat was
forced into her own car, by two men in
south Delhi's posh Siri Fort area and
raped by one of them. The rapist, whom
she described as being fluent in
English, spoke to her about
Switzerland and is believed to have
even lectured her on Indian culture.

THE DELHI GANG RAPE


The 2012 Delhi Gang Rape Case involves a
rape and murder that occurred on 16
December 2012 in Munirka, a neighbourhood
located in the southern part of New Delhi,
when a 23-year-old female physiotherapy
intern was beaten and gang raped in a bus in
which she was travelling with her male
companion. There were only five others in
the bus, including the driver, all of whom
raped the woman. The woman died from her
injuries thirteen days later while undergoing
emergency treatment in Singapore.

All the accused were arrested and charged


with sexual assault and murder. The
accused driver, Ram Singh, died in police
custody on 11 March 2013 in the Tihar jail.
According to some published reports, the
police say Ram Singh hanged himself, but
defense lawyers and his family suspect he
was murdered. The rest of the accused
remain on trial in a fast-track court.

AFTER THE RAPE


Protests at Raisina Hill, Rajpath, New Delhi.
Police used water cannons and teargas to try and break
up the protestors.
Public protests took place in New Delhi on 21 December
2012 at India gate and Raisana hill, the latter being the
location of both the Parliament of India and Rashtrpati
Bhavan
Thousands of protesters clashed with police,
overturned cars, and battled Rapid action force units.
Demonstrators were lathi charged with water cannons
and tear gas shells, and arrested.
The protests have also been explained as expressions
of middle-class angst arising out of a collapse of a
social contract between them and the liberal state.

SUGGESTIONS
Death penalty and chemical castration for
rapists.
Many are also calling for longer jail
sentences of up to 30 years or even life in
jail.
Severe and certain punishment in a time
bound manner .
Arrest alone may not constitute a strong
societal response.
Capital punishment for the criminals who
commit rape

Make the police more sensitive


Encourage the victims to complain.
Moral education
Amend the anomaly related to the age
of consent, and of wife in accordance
with the Marriage Act in India.
Speedy trials in rape cases so that the
victim gets justice as it is rightly stated
that Justice delayed is justice denied.

Laws alone may not be able to solve


the problem in a society which treats
its women as "second-class citizens"
and regards them inferior to men.
Until social attitudes change and
women are respected and treated as
equals, the gains from the protests will
be shortlived.

CONCLUSION
Women also have the right to life and
liberty; they also have the right to be
respected and treated as equal citizens.
Their honour and dignity cannot be
touched or violated. They also have the
right to lead an honorable and peaceful
life.
To ensure Indias safety ,its women
needs to be preserved