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Hydraulic System and its

analogy with Cardio vascular


system

Engineering Hydraulic system

Reservoir required to compensate oil leak


Pump classification
Pump characteristics
Accumulator
Valves

Pumps classification
Positive displacement pumps
Non positive displacement pump

Ref.: http://www.globalspec.com/

Positive displacement pump

Pump RPM decides the flow rate


Working against the pressure/ load
Pressure depends on Load, Pressure relief must
Pulsating flow

Characteristics of Piston pump

Ref.: Fluid power with applications by Anthony Esposito

Ref.: Fluid power with applications by Anthony Esposito

Variable displacement pump


Continues flow with variable delivery

Centrifugal pump
System decides the flow rate
Pressure generated by momentum transfer &
guiding
Continuous flow pump. Can run with outlet
closed

Accumulators
Since the operating pressure is high,
tubes made from high strength metals
Flexibility is accommodated by
accumulators
Takes care sudden
high flow
demand
Absorbs water hammer
pressure
Blood veins =
Hydraulic tube + Accumulator

Check valves/ NRV


Allows flow in one direction (ex: pumps in parallel)
Ball type
Flap type

Crack opening pressure to


push the spring

Check Valves = Cuspid Valves


Ref.: http://www.globalspec.com/

Thank you