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University

PON
Passive Optical Networking

Technology overview

Alcatel-Lucent University Antwerp

Alcatel-Lucent University Antwerp


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Ni dung

1. GPON fundamentals
2. Hardware OLT 7360 FX-4
3. Cu hnh Internet v IPTV

University
GPON fundamentals

Alcatel-Lucent University Antwerp

PON properties
PON Passive Optical Network
passive components
star topology

lambdas
1490nm downstream data
1310nm upstream data
1550nm downstream (optional)

ranging distance
20 km physical reach
60 km logical reach

split-ratio
64 subscribers (or even more)

PON

Optical power budget


distance depends on loss in different components:
loss in splitters
cascaded splitter can be used
e.g. 1:4 splitter followed by 1:8 splitter or vice versa
so a one-step 1:32 splitter can be used

loss in WDM coupler


loss per km fiber
loss in connectors
loss in splices

PON

Optical power budget Data


power budget has its impact on
reach
split ratio

trade-off / example
no split 1 user @ 52,5 km
1:2 2 users @ 45 km
1:4 4 users @ 37.5 km

1:32 32 users @ 15 km
1:64 64 users @ 7.5 km

high quality fiber with lower attenuation


gives better distances

PON

PON lambdas
voice and data over a single fiber
two wavelengths in opposite directions

video
one wavelength in downstream direction
Data path
Splitters

1490 nm
1310 nm
1550 nm

X Mb/s
Y Mb/s
Video path

Line rate flexibility

PON wavelength plan

1.3 m
wavelength band

intermediate
wavelength band

1.5 m
wavelength band

upstream

upstream/downstrea
m

upstream/downstrea
m

UP
1260

1280

1300

Reserved
1320

1340

1360

1380

1400

1420

DOWN
1440

1460

1480

1500

Basic band

DATA
Upstream Window (no change)

Basic band (constrained APON band)

1520

1540

1560

Enhancement band

VIDEO
Enhancement band (other uses)

For future use

CTS Common Technical Specifications


narrow down on degrees of freedom offered by the standards
line rate
downstream: 2.488 Gb/s
upstream: 1.244 Gb/s

PON

wavelengths
downstream data: 1490 nm
upstream data: 1310 nm
downstream video: 1550 nm

GPON

GPON protocol layers and formats


GEM GPON Encapsulation Method
Ethernet + TDM

ATM Asynchronous Transfer Mode


AAL2 + Ethernet + TDM

POTS/VF

VG

OLT

BAS

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optical (TDM/TDMA)

AAL5 + Ethernet

ONT

Ethernet

OMCI ONT Management Control Interface


a method to manage ONTs from the OLT
this includes configuration, fault and performance management

each ONT and the OLT has its own OMCI channel
bandwidth is allocated at PON creation time

protocol?
the OMCI protocol

PON

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Downstream operation
TDM Time Division Multiplexing
continuous mode operation
traffic in the downstream is sent to/received by every ONU

issue: data confidentiality


AES Advanced Encryption Standard
used for link layer encryption

Rx

Tx

t
OLT

Rx

Rx
ONU

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Upstream operation
TDMA Time Division Multiple Access
burst mode operation
the OLT controls which ONU gets access to the upstream at a
particular moment in time

issues: potential collision


access granting
distance ranging

Tx

Rx

Tx

t
OLT

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Tx

ONU

OLT 7360 FX-4 Hardware

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OLT 7360 FX-4 Hardware

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Cu hnh thit b OLT7360-FX-4


Create ONT
#configure equipment ont interface 1/1/1/4/1 sw-ver-pland
3FE56065AFAB36 sernum ALCL:F2B254C3 subslocid DEFAULT swdnload-version disabled enable-aes enable
Cau hinh ONT bang chuoi SLID #configure equipment ont interface
1/1/4/1/1 sw-ver-pland 3FE56065AFAB36 subslocid 001010101 swdnload-version disabled enable-aes enable

#configure equipment ont interface 1/1/1/4/1 admin-state up


Create ONT card
#configure equipment ont slot 1/1/1/4/1/1 planned-card-type
10_100base plndnumdataports 1 plndnumvoiceports 0 porttype uni admin-state up
Create ONT port
#configure interface port uni:1/1/1/4/1/1/1 admin-up
#configure bridge port 1/1/1/4/1/1/1 max-unicast-mac 20
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Cu hnh thit b OLT7360-FX-4


Create Internet service:
#configure qos interface 1/1/1/4/1/1/1 queue 0 shaper-profile
name:Fiber86M
#configure qos interface 1/1/1/4/1/1/1 upstream-queue 0
bandwidth-profile name:Fiber86M bandwidth-sharing uni-sharing
#configure bridge port 1/1/1/4/1/1/1 vlan-id 11 tag single-tagged
network-vlan 406 vlan-scope local
gn c BW Fiber86M cho ng down v up, trc ht cn
phi to profile BW Fiber86M (tng t Fiber76M, Fiber56M,.)
#configure qos profiles shaper Fiber86M committed-info-rate 0
committed-burst-size 0 excess-info-rate 94600 type
singletokenbucketgpon
#configure qos profiles bandwidth Fiber86M committed-info-rate 0
assured-info-rate 0 excessive-info-rate 94600 delay-tolerance 8
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Cu hnh thit b OLT7360-FX-4


Create IPTV service
#configure qos interface 1/1/1/4/1/1/1 queue 4 shaper-profile
name:IPTV_down_22M
#configure qos interface 1/1/1/4/1/1/1 upstream-queue 4 bandwidthprofile name:IPTV_up bandwidth-sharing uni-sharing
#configure bridge port 1/1/1/4/1/1/1 vlan-id 12 tag single-tagged
network-vlan 2441 vlan-scope local
#configure igmp channel vlan:1/1/1/4/1/1/1:12 max-num-group 254
gn c BW IPTV cho ng down v up, trc ht cn phi
to profile BW cho IPTV
#configure qos profiles shaper IPTV_down_22M committed-info-rate 0
committed-burst-size 0 excess-info-rate 24200 type
singletokenbucketgpon
#configure qos profiles bandwidth IPTV_up committed-info-rate 0
assured-info-rate 1100 excessive-info-rate 1100 delay-tolerance 8
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Cu hnh thit b OLT7360-FX-4


Cc lnh show
Show ONU status
# show interface port ont:1/1/4/1/1
Show ONU information
#show equipment ont interface 1/1/4/1/1 detail
Show ONU optical power
#show equipment ont optics 1/1/4/1/1
Show ONU alarm status and distance
#show equipment ont operational-data 1/1/4/1/1
Reboot ONT
#admin equipment ont interface 1/1/4/1/1 reboot
Xa ONT
#configure equipment ont interface 1/1/1/4/1 admin-state down
#configure
equipment ont no interface 1/1/1/4/1
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Cu hnh ONT igate GW040

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Cu hnh ONT igate GW040


Login 192.168.1.1
User/pass: admin/admin

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Cu hnh ONT igate GW040


Xem cng sut thu quang (Rx optics Signal Level at 1490 nm)
Cng sut thu Rx phi nm trong ngng -27dBm -> -8dBm

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Cu hnh ONT igate GW040


Cu hnh chui SLID
Vo Management SLID configuration

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To interface pppoe v brigde cho dch v Internet v IPTV


To interface v ti khon pppoe

oChn Network Setting->WAN chn Add

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Cu hnh ONT igate GW040


Chn mode PPP over
Ethernet
Priority: 0
VLAN internet :11
Nhp ti khon pppoe

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Cu hnh ONT igate GW040


To interface pppoe v brigde cho dch v Internet v IPTV
To brigde cho IPTV

Sau khi to interface pppoe, add thm interface cho


IPTV.

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Cu hnh ONT igate GW040

Chn mode
Bridging
Priority :4
VLAN IPTV: 12

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Cu hnh ONT igate GW040


to xong interface cho internet v IPTV

Mc nh tt c 4 port LAN + Wifi s chy Internet, chn


port 4 chy IPTV ta cn cu hnh thm
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Cu hnh ONT igate GW040


Cu hnh port 4 chy IPTV:
Vo Advanced FeaturesInterface Grouping Chn Add:

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Cu hnh ONT igate GW040

t tn cho Group name l


IPTV hoc MyTV
Chn vo lan4.0 IPTV s
chy trn port 4
Xong chn apply

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Cu hnh ONT igate GW040


Nh vy cu hnh xong ONT igate:
Internet chy trn cng 1,2,3 v wifi
IPTV chy trn cng 4

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www.alcatel-lucent.com

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