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1

.
, .

qo

Kh P r Pwf

re
S
18.41 0 B0 ln
rw

qo (3/)
K () ( )
h ()
Pr ()
Pwf ()
o () - ( )
B (3/3)
re ()
rw ()
2


-
.

Q , 3/
A , 2
L ,
- , *
P , /
K , 2

.
, ,
,
. 1856 .
, .
, ( ).
,
. .
,
1 1 ./
1 ., = 1 /. (.. l =1).
, 1
7 3// 1
1 .
2.
1 = 10-12 2. ;
1 =10 -15 2.;


- (h).

h1

h2

h3

h = h 1 + h2 + h3

() .
6


,
( o, g, w ).

v + dv
dy

dv
A
dy

(1 cP = 1 *).
, .

, . ,
.
,
. ,
1 2, 1 ,
() 1 1 /.

o, g, w
(, c), *
,

- 0.25 10,000 c,
- 0.5 1.0 c,
- 0.012 0.035 c,


- ,

( Bo, Bg, Bw ).

V
Bo
V
3/3
,
9

-
,
.
Bo, Bg, Bw
3/3
,

1 2 3/3,
2 4 3/3,

1 1.1 3/3
, :
1.

2.

3.

10


(rw ).
rw

- .
- / 2 ,

11

18.41 ??????????????????????
1/18.41=0.0543

2*{3.141593}*
*1015{???????_?????????????_??_??_?_?2}
*103{???????_????????_??_???*????*?}*
*105{???????_????????_??_??????}*
*86400{???????_???????_??_???_?_???}=
=

0.05428

12

1: (qo) .

Kh
K*h
() P r
() Pwf
() re
rw
()
()
- (3/3)

qo

Kh P r Pwf

re
S
18.41 0 B0 ln
rw

Bo
S

100
250
50
500
0,108
1,01
1,228
0

100 * (250 50)


114
500

18.41*1*1.228 * ln
0
0.108

qo = 114 3/.

13

2: .
Kh:

Kh 100
75
K*h
250
250
() P r
Pwf
50
50
()
re
500
500
()
rw 0,108 0,108
()
1,01
1,01
()

- (3/3)
Bo 1,228 1,228
S
0
0

(3/)

qo

114

85
-25

50
250
50
500
0,108
1,01
1,228
0

57
-50

Kh 50%
14

2: .
(Pr - Pwf):

Kh 100
K*h
250
() Pr
50
() P wf
re 500
()
rw 0,108
()
()
1,01
- (3/3)
Bo 1,228
S
0

(3/)

qo 114

100
100
250
250
100
200
500
500
0,108 0,108
1,01 1,01
1,228 1,228
0
0

85
-25

28
-75


() .
(
Pwf) .

15

2: .
(re):

Kh 100
K*h
250
() Pr
Pwf
50
()
re 500
()
rw 0,108
()
()
1,01
- (3/3)
Bo 1,228
S
0

(3/)

qo 114

100
100
250
250
50
50
350
250
0,108 0,108
1,01 1,01
1,228 1,228
0
0

120
5

125
10

(re)
10%. .. ()
.
()
.

16

2: .
( o):

Kh 100
K*h
250
() Pr
Pwf
50
()
re 500
()
rw 0,108
()
()
1,01
- (3/3)
Bo 1,228
S
0

(3/)

qo 114

100
100
250
250
50
50
500
500
0,108 0,108
1,515 2,02
1,228 1,228
0
0

76
-33

57
-50

( o)
50%.

17

2: .
(S):

Kh 100
K*h
250
() P r
50
() P wf
re 500
()
rw 0,108
()
()
1,01
- (3/3)
Bo 1,228
S
0

(3/)

qo 114

100
100
250
250
50
50
500
500
0,108 0,108
1,01 1,01
1,228 1,228
10
-4,5

50
-57

275
141

0 10
, 0 4,5
() 141% ( ).

18


( / IPR),
, (
).
(IPR)
Pr
Pwf ( )

. (PI)

0
0

5
q ()

10
qmax

(IPR Inflow Performance Relationship)


Qmax .
, , .

19


(PI)
(IPR).

PI oil

qo

P r Pwf

Kh
re

S
18.41 0 B0 ln
rw

qoil PI oil P r Pwf

(PI Productivity Index)


20

3: (IPR).
1) (qo max).
2) (IPR).
3) (PI).


Kh 100
K*h
250
() Pr
500
() re
rw 0,108
()
1
()

Bo 1,228
- (3/3)
S
0

21

3: (IPR).
qo (max)

1)

2)

Pr = 250

Kh P r Pwf 0

re
S
18.41 0 B0 ln
rw

100 * (250 0)
142
500

18.41*1*1.228 * ln

0
.
108

(IPR)

Pwf

200
150
100
50
0
0

3)

PI oil

50

qo
P r Pwf

qo

100

qo 142
max

Kh
100

0.57
re

500

S 18.41*1*1.228 * ln
0
18.41 0 B0 ln
0
.
108

rw

22

: (Vogel)
,
.
,
, (Pb).

P > Pb

P = Pb

P < Pb

23


(Pb),
Pwf/Pr qo/qmax.
qmax ,
Pwf = 0.

pwf,
q
: p
r

q max

qmax

0.8

0.8

0.6

0.6

pwf/pr

pwf/pr

0.4

0.4

0.2

0.2

0
0

0.2

0.4

0.6

q/qmax

0.8

0.2

0.4

0.6

0.8

q/qmax

1.2

1.4

1.6

1.8

24

Pr

Pr Pb,

(

)
.

PI

Pwf

Pb

PI Pb
1.8
0

qb

qmax

AOF

qmax
(AOF):
b
max
b

PI P
q
1.8

25

1.

Pr Pb
PI

Pwf Pb

P r Pb

qo PI ( Pr Pwf . )

qb PI ( Pr Pb. )
qo qb

Pwf Pb

qo
Pr Pwf

Pb

2.

qb

PI Pb.
1,8

Pwf

Pb

1 0,2(

) 0,8(

Pwf
Pb

)2

qmax
26

4: ,
.
:
qo=64 3/

qw=0 3/

Pwf=103

Pr=200

S=0

Pb=100


1) PI
2) qb , ( Pwf = Pb = 100 )
3) qo : Pwf = 90, 80, 70, 60, 50, 40, 30, 20, 10, 0
qo

27

4 (): .
1)

PI

qo
64

( 200 103)
P Pwf

PI = 0.66

2) qb PI ( P Pb. ) 0.66 (200 100)


3) qo Pwf
72

90

78

80

83

70

88

60

92

50

95

40

98

30

100

20

102

10

103

3/

qb = 66 3/

Pwf
Pwf
PI Pb.
0,8

1 0,2
qo qb
1,8
Pb
Pb

28

:
1.
;
2.

3.

4.

5.

( -)

29

30

3. Pr Pb ,
PI , qb.= 0 ,

qomax

PI P

1,8

Pwf
Pwf
0,8

qo qo ,max 1 0,2

Pr
Pr
2

31

,
,
Pr < Pb:

Pwf
Pwf
qo
0.8

1 0.2

qo max
Pr
Pr

,
:

PI Pr Pwf
Pwf
qo

qo max
PI Pr 0
P
r

32

: ,

:
1) Pr, Pwf qo
2) (qo)max
3)
Pwf

:
30 3/ Pwf = 90 .
Pr=110 . Pb=120 . ,
2
Pwf = 50 ?
30
90
90

qo

1 0.2

max

0.8

110

qo max 99.7

50
50
qo 99.7 1 0.2
0.8

110
110

110

/ (, Pwf = 0)

qo= 74 3/, Pwf=50


33

4: ,
.
:
qo=64 3/

qw=0 3/

Pwf=103

Pr=200

S=0

Pb=100


1) PI
2) qb , ( Pwf = Pb = 100 )
3) qo : Pwf = 90, 80, 70, 60, 50, 40, 30, 20, 10, 0
qo

34

4 (): .
1)

PI

qo
64

( 200 103)
P Pwf

PI = 0.66

2) qb PI ( P Pb. ) 0.66 (200 100)


3) qo Pwf
72

90

78

80

83

70

88

60

92

50

95

40

98

30

100

20

102

10

103

3/

qb = 66 3/

Pwf
Pwf
PI Pb.
0,8

1 0,2
qo qb
1,8
Pb
Pb

35

2: .
:
qo = 80 3/

qw = 0 3/

Pwf = 110

Pr = 200

S=0

Pb = 100

,

, .
36



- Jd

T P J d
q
21

1
Jd

Pd

Kh
T
B

(/)

re
0.75 S
ln
rw

re
0.75 S
Pd ln
rw

37

38

Pi
P
0,
t
Pe const

P
f (r , t )
t
P f (r , t )

P
const
t
P
0, r re
r

39

qo

: qo

Kh Pi Pwf


kt

18.41 o Bo ln
2
Ct (rw )

Kh P r Pwf

re
0.75 S
18.41 o Bo ln
rw

qo

Kh P r Pwf

re
0.5 S
18.41 o Bo ln
rw

40


-
-

41

42

43


2,714 E 04kh(p )
i
a
d
(ln 1,571 1,838)
rw
a

2,714 E 04kh(p )
i
a
d
(ln 1,571 1,838)
rw
a

a
d

2,714 E 04kh( p )
i
d
(ln 0,619)
rw

44


3,618 E 04kh( p )
i
d
(ln 0,569)
rw

2,714 E 04kh(p ) i , s
i
1 R
d
(ln 0,569)
2 R
rw

R-
45


(iw)

(piwf)
(pr).

iw
I

( piwf pr )

kwh

re
18,41Bw w ln 0.75 S
r
w

46

1
0,9
0,8
0,7
0,6
0,5
0,4
0,3
0,2
0,1
0
0

10

12

14

16

18

,
1


.
(S), ..
.
47

Is

( piwf

iw
pr ) h

,
.
48

3: .


:

200 3/

180

290

8
1.01
1
0.108
500
0

,
300 3/?

49


?
,

.
50


().
() .
(m)
.
(m0)
,
.
.

V
V

V V
V

V
V
51

52

53

100


100


100

54


>20%

-;

=15-20% --;
=10-15%-;
=5-10%--;
<5%-

55

( )

kA P
Q
L

Q , 3/;
A , 2;
k , ;
, ;
P () L ().

56

( )
2 kh Pk P
Q
ln Rk
r

Q (3/)
;

();
k, h (2)
() ;
, .

57




(FE).

Pwf'
- (S=0)
Pwf 1|S 0 - (S>0)
Pwf 2|S 0 - (S<0),

P P wf
FE
P Pwf 1|s 0
'

- (S>0),

FE 1

- (S=0),

P P ' wf
FE
P Pwf 2|s 0

- (S>0).
58


n(0,472

rk
)
rc

P Pwf Pskin
P P'
FE

.
rk
P Pwf
P Pwf
'
n(0,472 ) S
rc


'

'

Pwf
Pwf 2
qo
1 0,2
0,8(
)
qomax
P
P
Pwf' P FE ( P Pwf )
Pwf'
P

P ,

1 FE FE (

Pwf
P

).

qomax -
FE = 1

S' = 0
59


1.FE < 1.

Pwf'
P

Pwf
Pwf 2
qo
1 0,2(1 FE FE (
)) 0,8(1 FE FE (
))
qomax
P
P
qo
1
qoFE
max

1,8( FE )(1

Pwf

) 01,8( FE ) (1

Pwf P
P (1

FE

Pwf
P

)2 .


2. FE > 1

qo
q

FE 1
omax

0,624 0,376 FE .
60

-
(FE)

61


(FE#l)
1.( P Pb )
1

JPb.
qo J ( P Pb. )
1,8

Pwf

Pb.

1,8(1

) 0,8( FE )(1

Pwf
Pb

) wf b., :
1) J q/
2) 1

wf < b

wf > b - .
3) FE
J J2 = J1(FE)2/(FE)1

62


(FE#l)
) wf ,< b
1) J
2)

FE J
( FE ) 2
J 2 J1
( FE ) 1

63


(FE#l)
2) S ,
rk
n(0,472 )
rc
FE
rk
n(0,472 ) S
rc

7
FE
7S

64


(FE#l)
3) qo1 wf1 qo2 wf2,
2,25 b1qo 2 b2 qo1
FE
b12 qo 2 b22 qo 2

b1 1

Pwf 1
P

b2 1

Pwf 2
P

65


q Bo ko dP
q
q
v

:
A h 2 r h 2 r o dr

k
q 1

ro
dp
dr kh
2 r
o Bo

( )

2 kh
r
ln k
rc

k ro
o Bo dp
Pb

Pk

rk
q
kro
kro

ln
dP
dP

2 kh rc
oBo
oBo
Pwf
Pb

Pk Pb k
kro
dP

ro
k
P ,

oBo

oBo
B ,

2 kh a 2 2
Pk Pb
2
f(p) = a p + b b q
P b P wf
k ro


oBo

ln rrk 2
c
a2 2
'
2
2
2
q

J
(
P

P
f
(
p
)
dP

a
2 PdP
P

P
b
wf
b
wf ) J ( Pk Pb )

2
ro

66

67


qo C ( P 2 Pwf2 ) n

P Pb

: - ;
n - , .
n = 0,568 1.

1
1
og ( P P ) ogq0 ogC
n
n
2

2
wf

68

69

70

Rwf

Re

.
V

dP
,
dr

q
V -
2rh

q
k dP

2rh dr

, :
,

q
2h
q

re

Pe

1
k
dr

dP
r r

Pwf
s

2hk
( Pe Pwf )
re
n( )
rs

71


q B0 q

q.

2hk
( Pe Pwf ) .
re
B0 n( )
rs

.
:

2hk

( P Pwf )
re
B0 (n( ) 0,75)
rs

72

q.
.

2hk

( P Pwf )
re
B0 (n( ) 0,75 S )
rs
S -

73

q.

.
q
.

P. M
q
Z . R T. .
Z

. .
q
P. M
Z . . . .
Z . R T.

q.
k dP

2rh
dr
. q
Z. .

re

Pe

1
1
dr

kh
r r
P Z PdP
s
wf
re

.
1/ C
Z . .
Pe

1
1
q dr 2khC
PdP
r
Z
rs
Pwf

74




(P < 170 )
C1 k h
P
q
dP

Z
rk

ln
rc

0.05

0.04

g z (cp)
0.03

0.02

0.01

0
0

150

300

450

600

p ()

- (P < 170 )

Z f (P)
Pe

Pw

C1 k h
q
rk
Z ln
rc

P dP

q C P 2 Pwf2
P2

75


(>170 )
170 ,

Z ~ P

. q
Z . .

re

Pe

1
1
r r dr 2kh P dP
s
wf

C1kh
q
( Pe Pwf ) ,
re
n( )
rs

.. .

76



Pe

Pwf

P
dP m( Pe ) m( Pwf )
Z

C1kh
q
( m( Pe ) m( Pwf )) .
re
n( )
rs
77


- C n

q C p p
2

2
wf

C

4

440,1 10 kh p p

Tz

2
wf

re 3
s
ln

r
4
w

78

79