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POLICIES (Sec. 2)

Multiple use of forests oriented


towards national progress, scientific
advancement and public welfare
Systematic land classification and
survey
Establishment of rational wood
processing
Protection, development and
rehabilitation of forests

Some Terms (Sec. 3)


Public forest
A and D lands
Critical watershed
Mangrove forests
Kaingin (slash and burn

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farming)
Industrial tree plantation
Multiple use
Selective logging
License agreement
Permit
Private right
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IMPLEMENTING AGENCY (Secs. 4 and 5)

Department of Environment and Natural


Resources (DENR) through the Bureau of
Forest Development (previously from
different agencies under DENR) now called
the Forest Management Bureau.

JURISDICTION OF B.F.D.
OF DENR (Sec. 5)
ALL forest lands, grazing
lands, forest reserves and
watersheds.
Issuance of forest
permits, leases and
licenses.
Operation of sawmills and
wood processing plants.

TOPOGRAPHY
[Sec. 15]

Lands 18% or more


in slope cannot be
A/D lands

Reversion to forest

lands for those


already declared
A/D before PD
705, unless titled
already

Lands 50% or

more in slope
cannot be grazing
lands

AREAS NEEDED FOR


FOREST
PROTECTION (Sec.
16)

Even if below 18% in


slope, these lands
cannot be A/D:
Less than 250 has. that

are not contiguous


Isolated forest patches
Reforested areas
Areas in forest
concessions that have
good residual stockings

AREAS NEEDED FOR


FOREST PROTECTION
(Sec. 16)

Ridge tops and plateaus


Appropriate as RROWs
20 meter strips along
rivers
20 meter wide mangrove
National parks, historical
sites, etc.
Reserves and
sanctuaries

UTILIZATION AND
MANAGEMENT (Secs. 19
and 20)

Multiple uses
Timber License Agreements
(see OPOSA case)
Permits , Leases and
Licenses for grazing,
operate wood processing
facilities, occupy, possess,
use or exploit forest and
their products

TIMBER PRODUCTION
[Sec. 22]

Timber inventory
Inventory before utilization of
forest lands
Cutting cycle and Annual
Allowable Cut
TLAs or forest privilege good
for 25 years plus 25 more.
But forest lands shall not be
held in perpetuity.

WOOD PROCESSING (Secs. 29-32)


Must be RATIONAL

REFORESTATION (Secs.
33-36)

Public lands
Bare or grass lands
Open tract lands with forest

patches
Denuded forest lands
Inadequately stocked forest
growth
With pasture leases
River banks and easements,
RROWs, swamps and deltas

REFORESTATION (Secs. 33-36)

Private lands
Portions that need to be planted with,

based on PD 953 (tree planting along


rivers and subdivisions) and PD 1153, etc.

FOREST PROTECTION (Secs. 3754)

All forest lands MUST be protected


Control of concession areas against
kaingin, squatting, insect infestation,
etc..

SPECIAL USES (Secs. 54-57)

Pasture
Wildlife conservation
Recreation
Others like lease for sawmills,
RROWs, camps, bathing, etc.

QUALIFICATIONS OF
CONCESSIONAIRES
(Secs. 58-63)
Use of forest lands to be
DIFFUSED to as many
qualified users
Filipino equity preferred
(60% owned by them)
Financial and technical
capabilities
Rule: forest rights NONtransferable except under
certain instances

CRIMINAL OFFENSES
(Secs. 77-87)
1. Conversion of
Mangrove
2. Cutting, gathering or
collecting without
license
3. Unlawful occupation,
kaingin of forest land

CRIMINAL OFFENSES
(Secs. 77-87)

4. Destruction of wildlife
5. Pasturing without
permit

SELECTED JURISPRUDENCE

FELIPE YSMAEL, ET AL. vs. DEPUTY EXEC. SEC.,


GR No. 79538. Oct. 18, 1990

MINORS OPOSA, ET AL. vs. SEC. FACTORAN, ET


AL., GR No. 101083. July 30, 1993. 224 SCRA
792

MUSTANG LUMBER vs. CA, GR No. 104988. June


18, 1996

PAAT vs. CA, GR No. 111107. Jan. 10, 1997

SELECTED JURISPRUDENCE

ERNESTO AQUINO, vs. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES,


G.R. No. 165448, 2009 Jul 27, 1st Division

AMADO TAOPA, vs. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES. G.R.


No. 184098, 2008 Nov 25, 1st Division

THE SEC. of DENR, ET AL.vs. MAYOR JOSE S. YAP,,ET


AL., G.R. No. 167707, 2008 Oct 8, En Banc.
SESINANDO MERIDA, vs. PEOPLE OF THE
PHILIPPINES, G.R. No. 158182, 2008 Jun 12, 1st
Division

PICOP RESOURCES, INC., vs. BASE METALS MINERAL


RESOURCES CORPORATION, and THE MINES
ADJUDICATION BOARD. G.R. No. 163509, 2006 Dec
6, 3rd Division.

SELECTED JURISPRUDENCE

NATIONAL HOUSING AUTHORITY, vs. PEDRO BAELLO,


ET AL.. G.R. No. 143230, 2004 Aug 20, 2nd Division

VIRGILIO BON, vs. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES,


respondent., G.R. No. 152160, 2004 Jan 13, 1st
Division)

ALFREDO Y. CHU, vs. JUDGE CAMILO E. TAMIN, A.M. No.


RTJ-03-1786, 2003 Aug 28, 1st Division

DENR, vs. GREGORIO DARAMAN, NARCISO LUCENECIO


and Hon. CLEMENTE C. ROSALES, Presiding Judge. G.R.
No. 125797, 2002 Feb 15, 3rd Division

THANK YOU VERY MUCH!

OOPs. That is not me.