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CEN 216

Quantity Surveying
Instructor: Tanaz Islam

What is Quantity
Quantity Surveying is the item-wise
and sequential estimation of the
quantity of different Engineering
materials required for any kind of
Civil Engineering construction work
as well as their costing.

One of the dictionary meaning of the

word Surveying is Measuring.
Quantity Surveying is the term
adopted for measuring Quantities of a
work based on standard method of
measurement, in a systematic and
scientific manner, which when priced
will give the estimated cost of the
work to a reasonable degree of

Four distinct operations in

Quantity Surveying:
1. Taking off or Measuring and
Recording Dimensions: process of
measuring from drawings and recording
all dimensions in a recognized form on
specially ruled paper.

2. Squaring Dimensions: process of

addition of the recorded dimensions to
obtain linear, superficial or cubical

Four distinct operations

in Quantity Surveying:
3. Abstracting or Working up: process of
collection of measurements of identical
character under different trades and reducing
them to units as required by the Standard
Method of Measurement.

4. Billing: process of collecting and entering in

the form of a bill of the work as separated into
trades on the abstract. Unit prices are quoted
against each item and the total value of Bill of
Quantity (BoQ) of each trade is computed.

Role of a Good Quantity


To look over the drawings and attempt to

visualize the work. Attempt should not
be made at the taking off, immediately on
receipt of the drawings.
To study the drawings carefully to see if
the plans, elevations, sections etc are
in agreement with one another.
To check the dimensions with caution.
If some dimensions do not exist in some
places in the drawings, then it is always
better to write them in. These missing
dimensions should be worked out from

Role of a Good Quantity

Surveyor: (Contd..)
To visit the site if possible. During his
visit, he may collect valuable information
like access to the site, nature of the
surface soil, building to be demolished etc.
A quantity surveyor must have a
sound knowledge of building materials
and construction work. He must be
accurate in his work and calculations.

Some important terms and their

CC = Cement Concrete: plain concrete
with no reinforcement
RCC = Reinforced Cement Concrete:
concrete with reinforcement
LC = Lime Concrete: (lime + surkhi +
khoa + water)
GL = Ground Level: existing earth surface
PL = Plinth Level: the level of ground
floor which is higher than the ground level
to prevent entry of flood/rain water

DPC = Damp Proof Course: provided in

plinth level to prevent entry of moisture to
the brick wall above. It is not provided in
the veranda openings. DPC can be
provided using 1:2:4 / 1:1.5:3 cement
concrete or polythene sheets or bituminous
FF = Floor Finish: a rich mixture of
mortar with cement coating above
provided at the floor level
BFS = Brick Flat Soling: usually one
layer of dry brick or stone soling is applied
below cement concrete. It is used in
foundation and ground floor.

Skirting: an extended portion of floor

finish provided in the brick wall so that
any moisture can not enter into the wall
when the floor is washed with water.


Lintel: a small beam provided over the

openings like windows, doors or almirahs
to support the brick wall. Generally 6 thick
and width equal to wall width are provided.


provided in windows
(at top level); built
(integrally) with lintel
to prevent entry of
sunshine or rain
The thickness of wall end
is 3 and at the free end
thickness is 2.
The projection of
sunshades is extended 2
from the face of wall.

Drop Wall: provided in the verandah

projected downward from the slab to
prevent the entry of sunshine or rain

Cornice: an extended portion of slab

projecting horizontally outside from the
slab protects the brick wall from
sunshine or rain.

Parapet: a low wall or railing built

along the edge of the roof.

Components of Building


A Typical Wall

Remember the

Nominal size of brick = 10 X 5 X 3 (with

Actual size of brick = 9.5 X 4.5 X 2.75
(without mortar)
Excavation trench width is 6 inch greater
than foundation
width (3 on each side)
Inside plastering thickness = inch; mortar
mix ratio= 1:6
Outside plastering thickness = inch;mortar
mix ratio = 1:4
Skirting: thickness = inch
1 bag cement = 1.25 cft = 50 kg